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Education

Current Issues Project 247/01
by

Norissa White-Isaacs

on 4 October 2013

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Transcript of Education

NYC Mayoral Race: Education
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Background Information
• Currently, the New York City Department of Education has the largest public school system in the world.

• Close to one million children are enrolled in public schools alone throughout the five boroughs.

• The Department of Education has a 21 billion dollar budget per year.

• On average a public school teacher’s salary is about 42 dollars an hour, a price that Mayor Michael Bloomberg raised considerably during his time in office.

• The salaries rose due to a decline in public school teachers in the past four years, with about 6,000 teachers losing their job.

• While Bloomberg was in office, the test scores of students in NYC as well as the graduation rate rose.

Bill de Blasio
- Bill be Blasio is currently the public advocate for the City of New York.
-As a member of the New York City Council, de Blasio helped secure more than $100 million dollars in funding for early education programs
- As the three time elected public advocate he has made it a priority for public school parents to have their voice heard.
- Currently the democratic candidate for New York City Mayor
General Issues
General Issues Continued...
Failing Schools: • Schools are kept open based on their proficiency. Therefore schools with low test scores and a low graduation rate are closed.
• Since 2002, 164 public schools have closed around the city.
Special Education: • Reform was started for the special education system in order to fix an achievement gap between disabled children and their peers.
• "A Shared Path To Success" Initiative
• Created to better suit the needs of children with disabilities so that they can advance.
Lowering The Stakes of Test Scores: • Test scores are now used to evaluate teachers, students, and the entire educational system in general.
• Fewer than 1/3 of NYC passed state tests in the 2012-2013 school year.
Universal Pre-K: • A movement to make access to preschool education available to all families.
• Currently in NYC, children who turn 4 in 2013 are eligible to attend Pre-K for the 2013-2014 school year.
• "UPK" is completely free
• The programs can be half day ( 2 hours and 30 minutes) or full day (6 hours and 20 minutes)
Merit Pay: • defined as extra pay awarded to an employee on the basis of "performance" (students test scores)
• Most criticize Merit Pay under Mayor Bloomberg because when enacted it failed to improve student achievement and teacher retention.


Cons
• Bloomberg set the state up to have direct mayoral control over public education.

• Bloomberg also supports after-school programs and strengthened the ban on cell phones during school hours.

• He also stopped the practice of social promotion, which is basically promoting a child to the next grade level regardless of intelligence or skill level in the belief that it will promote self-esteem.

• Bloomberg also believes in merit pay, which he said, "We should be offering teachers and principals incentives not only to take the toughest assignments, and to fill special needs, but also to get the best possible results from their students."


Meet Our Mayor Candidates!
Universal Pre-K

Bill de Blasio is in favor of UPK, he plans to fund the program through tax increase on the rich, specifically those that make over $500,000.

Joe Lhota believes he can find adequate funding through the city’s $70 billion budget. In fact, he censures de Blasio for “his knee-jerk reaction to raise taxes in the highest taxed city in the nation.”

Teacher Treatment
Joe Lhota supports merit payment for teachers that have classes with exceptional test score. He cites the merit pay system in Newark as his model and plan to create one in New York City. He also believes teachers should get “pay bumps” for teaching in school with failing test records, or those who teach harder subjects.
Bill de Blasio has not spoken in detail about his opinion of Merit Pay.
Failing Schools
Bill de Blasio wants to create a warning system; to help schools on the verge of failing before they actually do so. He will push the War Room project which will instill a successful principal and a team of assistance into failing schools to help turn them around.
Joe Lhota believes ‘To keep a failing school open is immoral.” Although that he doesn't mean that the physical school should be shut down, but rather the system within the school. As a result, the principles, curriculum, and teachers will be replaced with more successful ones.

Special Education
Bill de Blasio wants to pass a Special Education Reform right that will provide high school preparation for college for those who have special needs.

Joe Lhota has not given his opinion on this matter. However he doesn't think charter schools need to serve children with special needs on the same level of public schools.

Test Scores
Bill de Blasio doesn't want to emphasize test scores; especially when it comes to admission of high schools. He believe a student should be able to submit a portfolio that displays their year round efforts.
Joe Lhota would like to put more emphasis on test scores. He believes the only way to truly understand the public school system is to look at the statistics and then make decisions.



Joe Lhota
Joe was an investment banker for 15 years and acknowledged leader in public finance.
During Rudy Giuliani's first term Joe was Budget director and Deputy Mayor during the second term.
From 2011 to 2012 Joe was chairperson and CEO of the MTA.
Today, Joe is current the republican candidate for New York City Mayor.
Pros & Cons
UNIVERSAL PRE-K
Pros:
De Blasio: Taxing the people will let government fundings spread out to other issues.
Lhota: He avoids upsetting the people by using government funds to pay for UPK, rather than taxes.
Cons:
De Blasio: His plan to tax the rich can, obviously, upset the New Yorkers he’s taking more money from – despite his good intentions.
Lhota: On the other hand, Lhota’s plan on finding funding within the government may not be enough to pay for substantial UPK.
Pros & Cons
TEACHER TREATMENT
Pros:
De Blasio: None, as De Blasio does not offer an opinion on this matter
Lhota: By using the "merit pay" method, Lhota 'awards' teachers who seem to deserve it most. Teachers who do teach in schools with failing test records, or those who teach harder subjects, would obviously be in favor of this action.
Cons:
De Blasio: Bill de Blasio doesn’t offer much information on the unfair treatment of teachers. His number one priority is the students, which is, legitimate stance, but the teachers heavily contribute to students performance.
Lhota: Merit pay can be seen as unfair.
Pros & Cons
FAILING SCHOOLS
Pros:
De Blasio: He wants to improve failing schools, rather than closing them down.
Lhota: By shutting down failing schools, Lhota is acting quickly and efficiently, addressing the problem in a very straightforward manner. He will replace the staff with more successful workers.
Cons:
De Blasio: wants to stop the closing of failing public schools, so that charter school don't have a place to be.
Lhota: Shutting down public schools leads to many complicated transfers/kids with no place to conveniently attend school.
Pros & Cons
SPECIAL EDUCATION
Pros:
De Blasio: his Special Education Reform will give students with special needs a better chance to attend and participate in the schools they want.
Lhota: He does not give a substantial opinion on Special Education
Cons: (none for this topic!)

Pros & Cons
TEACHER TREATMENT
Pros:
De Blasio: Admittance into schools depends on test grades (both standardized and in-class), but de Blasio wants to change this so schools can see past just the individual student's test grades.
Lhota: Statistics and test scores have been the way admittance into schools has been handled for years.
Cons:
De Blasio: While other skills are just as significant, the importance of test scores is still prominent.
Lhota: Lhota's decision emphasizing test scores can be viewed as very harsh.
Discussion!
Full transcript