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Transcript of Literary Analysis
by William Blake The Horses by Ted Hughes Paraphrase Work Cited Tiger Wallpaper Desktop. 2011. n.p. Web. 16 Mar 2013. <http://wp.1920x1080.org/1920x1080-tiger-wallpaper-desktop/1920x1080-tiger-wallpaper-desktop-744603445-jpg/>. Abstract Fantasy Horse Wallpaper 1080p - HD Wallpapers. N.d. W3WallsWeb. 16 Mar 2013. <http://www.w3walls.com/abstract-fantasy-horse-wallpaper-1080p/>. Deep within the forest, a tiger is praised for its magnificent appearance. It's symmetrical face, flaming eyes, and bright fur. The tiger is appeared to be so amazing, it must have been designed by someone. William Blake 1757 - 1827 William Blake was born in London, England, and he began writing at an early age and claimed to have had his first vision, of a tree full of angels, at the age of 10. He studied engraving and grew to love Gothic style art, which he incorporated into his own unique works. He was a misunderstood poet, artist and visionary throughout much of his life. However, Blake found admirers late in life and has been vastly influential since his death in 1827. "William Blake Biography." <http://www.biography.com/people/william-blake-9214491?page=1>. Canducci, Alberto. William Blake. N.d. William Blake ArchiveWeb. 16 Mar 2013. <http://keynes.scuole.bo.it/ipertesti/william_blake/>. William Blake - The Tyger. 2013. Web. 16 Mar 2013. < Theme Creatures like the tiger, could not have appeared by chance. Any animal, including the tiger must have been created by a Divine Creator. That Creator is God, maker of all things. Literay Devices Imagery - "fearful symmetry" line 4 Many tigers have distinctive markings on their heads, and most are almost perfectly symmetrical.
Allusion - "Did he who made the Lamb make thee?" line 20 This can refer the Bible, when before Adam and Eve sinned, the lion slept next to the lamb. For they both were created by God, and the delicate lamb did not fear the mighty lion.
Setting - "In the forests of the night; ." line 2 The night truly reveals the stunning beauty of the tiger. Also, the forest is the natural habitat of the tiger.
Parallel Structure - "Tyger Tyger burning bright,
In the forests of the night:
What immortal hand or eye,
Dare frame thy fearful symmetry?" lines 1-4 and 20 - 24
Are stated to emphasize the beauty of the tiger.
Alliteration - "burning bright, " line1 The tiger comes in different shades of orange and they all shimmer brightly.
Symbolism - " What the hammer? what the chain,
In what furnace was thy brain?
What the anvil?" lines 13 -16 These tools are used by Blacksmiths, who use heat and metal to create an arsenal of tools. They also symbolize strength and power like the tiger.
Fact: Siberian Tigers can weigh 419 to 675 lbs of pure muscle Opening Thesis Burning eyes, huge paws, and a symmetrically striped face, are the characteristics of magnificent tiger. There are many amazing beasts created by God, but the tiger is of the most magnificent. The tiger is famous for its bright eyes, distinctive stripe patterns, and their powerful build. These characteristics give the theme that there is a God who created such an animal. Close-up of a Tigers face.. N.d. 123RFWeb. 17 Mar 2013. <http://www.123rf.com/photo_3105778_close-up-of-a-tigers-face.html>. Ted Hughes Canducci, Alberto. William Blake. N.d. n.p. Web. 17 Mar 2013. <http://keynes.scuole.bo.it/ipertesti/william_blake/poetry.html>.
One of the giants of 20th century British poetry, Ted Hughes was born in Mytholmroyd, Yorkshire in 1930. After serving in the Royal Air Force. Hughes attended Cambridge, where he studied archeology and anthropology, taking a special interest in myths and legends. In 1956 he met and married the American poet Sylvia Plath, who encouraged him to submit his manuscript to a first book contest run by The Poetry Center. Awarded first prize by judges Marianne Moore, W.H. Auden, and Stephen Spender, "The Hawk in the Rain (1957)" made Hughes’s reputation as a poet of international stature. Hughes marshaled a language of nearly Shakespearean resonance to explore themes which were mythic and elemental.” Hughes’s long career included unprecedented best-selling volumes such as Lupercal (1960), Crow (1970), Selected Poems 1957-1981 (1982). As an incredibly prolific poet, translator and editor, Hughes was appointed Poet Laureate in 1984, a post he held until his death. Among his many awards, he was appointed to the Order of Merit, one of Britain’s highest honors. The Horses
by Ted Hughes I climbed through woods in the hour-before-dawn dark.
Evil air, a frost-making stillness,
Not a leaf, not a bird -
A world cast in frost. I came out above the wood
Where my breath left tortuous statues in the iron light.
But the valleys were draining the darkness
Till the moorline - blackening dregs of the brightening grey -
Halved the sky ahead. And I saw the horses:
Huge in the dense grey - ten together -
Megalith-still. They breathed, making no move,
with draped manes and tilted hind-hooves,
Making no sound.
I passed: not one snorted or jerked its head.
Grey silent fragments
Of a grey silent world.
I listened in emptiness on the moor-ridge.
The curlew's tear turned its edge on the silence.
Slowly detail leafed from the darkness. Then the sun
Orange, red, red erupted
Silently, and splitting to its core tore and flung cloud,
Shook the gulf open, showed blue,
And the big planets hanging -
Stumbling in the fever of a dream, down towards
The dark woods, from the kindling tops,
And came to the horses.
There, still they stood,
But now steaming and glistening under the flow of light,
Their draped stone manes, their tilted hind-hooves
Stirring under a thaw while all around them
The frost showed its fires. But still they made no sound.
Not one snorted or stamped,
Their hung heads patient as the horizons,
High over valleys in the red levelling rays -
In din of crowded streets, going among the years, the faces,
May I still meet my memory in so lonely a place
Between the streams and the red clouds, hearing the curlews,
Hearing the horizons endure. "Ted Hughes." n.pag. Poetry Foundation. Web. 17 Mar 2013. <http://www.poetryfoundation.org/bio/ted-hughes>. Baugh, Dan, prod. The Horses. 2012. Web. 17 Mar 2013. < Vosper, Lily. "Ted Hughes." Vosper. Blogger, 30 Jan 2012. Web. Web. 17 Mar. 2013. <http://lilyvosper.blogspot.com/2012/01/ted-hughes.html>. Paraphrase The poem tells of a person walking through the forest, in the time of winter. There appears to be no signs of life. However, the person sees a group of stone-still horses in the distance and they do not mind the cold. It is until the sun shines and the frost thaws, the horse are active and lively. Literary Devices Setting - "I climbed through woods in the hour-before-dawn dark. Evil air, a frost-making stillness," line 1-2 The setting sets the tone of the poem which is a cold and gloomy .
Imagery - " Megalith-still. They breathed, making no move,"line 10 Megaliths are ancient stone structures that have remained still for over a million years. Imagery shows how still the horses were in the freezing cold.
Oxymoron - " The frost showed its fires" line 31 Fire and Ice are total opposites, but frost can cause the limbs to burn in icy numbness.
Tone - "Evil air, a frost-making stillness," line 2 The cold setting gives off the tone of the poem, which is cold, lifeless, and dull.
Syntax - Ted uses words in his poem like " frost-making stillness and grey, " to give off the cold and dull tone. However, lines 18-38 Hughes uses "Then the sun Orange, red, red erupted", "flow of light,", and "Stirring under a thaw " to show the shift of cold to warm. "Advisory Council Visits Williston Middle School." NHCS Advisory Council on Special Education. Blogger, 19 Feb 2010. Web. Web. 17 Mar. 2013. <http://nhcsadvisorycouncilsped.blogspot.com/2010_08_01_archive.html>. Theme When times get cold and dull, animals may flee to warmer climates to survive. However, strong and enduring animals such as the horse would stay behind . People can be like the horse. When the world changes, people could flee or endure, and wait for a beautiful tomorrow. Horses in snow. N.d. TumblrWeb. 18 Mar 2013. <http://www.tumblr.com/tagged/horse in snow>. Opening Ted Hughes uses imagery, syntax, setting, oxymoron, and tone to bring out the theme of the will and endurance people can learn from the horse. Thesis There are many animals in nature that can survive the cold. Bears have fat and fur, owls use their feathers, and penguins huddle together with water proof feathers. Horses have none of these traits. Yet their will to endure the cold has allowed them to roam the earth for years. Comparison The Horse and the Tiger, are two different creatures in nature. The horse is known for its endurance, speed, and grace. Tigers are known for their raw power, stunning appearance, and fearsome strength. However, the two poems share to common aspect that both animals had to have been created, instead of spontaneous existence. In "The Tyger" He who created the Lamb, made the Tiger. "The Horses" tell that beauty can exist in a cold and empty world. Chance could not have placed those animals there. Only "He" who is God, can do this. Tiger vs Horse. N.d. Digital Art. Deviant ArtWeb. 24 Mar 2013. <http://kelszz.deviantart.com/art/Tiger-vs-Horse-142900579>.