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Similarities and Differences of Mesopotamia and Egypt

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Marty McFly

on 28 October 2013

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Transcript of Similarities and Differences of Mesopotamia and Egypt

Gov't and Law Codes Similarities of Mesopotamia and Egypt
Religion Similarities
-Both believed in many gods, or polytheism.

-Both built temples that they worshiped in

-Both civilization's gods were humanoid
Writing and Record Keeping Differences
-Symbols and words were not the same in Egypt and Sumer
Cities Similarities
-Cities support very large populations
Cities Differences
-Mesopotamia was much more urban than Egypt
-Writing was used in both places for writing down events


-Women could rule in both Sumer and Egypt
-Taxes paid in goods and labor
Writing and Record Keeping Similarities
-Both used some sort of pictographs
-Writing was used in Egypt and Sumer for easier communication
-In Mesopotamia, each area was controlled by its own political center
-Mesopotamia had self controlled city-states
-Egypt had a centralized government with one ruler
-Writing was hard to learn, both writing systems had tons of symbols
-Both government systems had control over their people.
-They both connect government with religion
-Egyptians worshipped their ruler as a god
-Both had the earliest traces of written language
-Writing was used as a knowledge and information
-Mesopotamia eventually started using written words and letters
-Mesopotamians eventually made pictograms into wedge-shaped signs that were pressed into clay tablets using a reed.
-Egyptians also wrote on papyrus
-Egypt's cities were more village based
-Egypt's cities had religious houses leading to the population's center.
-Cities were built near water sources
-Tax payments were written down
Comparing Civilizations: Egypt vs. Mesopotamia
By: Josh Davis and Jake Li
-Cities had some sort of religious temple in them
-Both places had cities with hierarchies
-Mesopotamian cities had their own independent ruler, unlike Egypt.
-Both groups made religion a large portion of their lives
-Both believed in one religion throughout

-The dead were buried with items for the afterlife
-In Egypt, only the rich could write
Religion Differences
-Egyptians worshiped their pharoaohs as gods
-Mesopotamians made figurines to pray for them while they did other things.
-Egyptians buried their pharaoh "gods" in their own temple
-The 7 Mesopotamian gods represented elements
Job Specialization Differences
-Egyptian scribes could only be wealthy people

-The Egyptians used flax for linen cloths

-Mesopotamians had bakers for food

-Mesopotamia had bankers to manage the peoples money
-Egypt mummified their dead bodies
Job Specialization Similarities
-Both places had soldiers

-Both places had scribes

-Both places had priests/other religious leader

-Both Mesopotamia and Egypt had craftspeople

-Both places had farmers

-Mathmeticians were used to solve problems
Social Classes Similarities
-Social class system was in the shape of pyramid

-Slaves and peasants at bottom

-Ruler and priests at top

-Merchants, craftsmen, and scribes in the middle of pyramid

-Social hierarchy
Complex Technology Similarities
Complex Technology Differences
-Built irrigation systems to replace rainfall during drought

-Used bronze tools because they are more sturdy than copper

-Both places used the wheel

-Astronomy was used to watch the skies and stars

-Wrote using a stylus
-Egyptians used lake to store surplus water

-Egyptians made glass and glass beads

-Egyptians erected obelisks using pits of sand

-Mesopotamians used glazed bricks for decoration
-Mesopotamians used seeder plow for farming
Egypt or Mesopotamia?
If I had a choice to live in either Mesopotamia or Egypt, I would rather live in ancient Egypt. One reason is because people had more right than in Mesopotamia and the laws were more fair. Egypt also had very good soil for growing crops because of the minerals from the Nile river. In Egypt, there was a good storage system for surplus resources, and a lot of open jobs to take. Another good thing about Egypt is that the cities were village-based, which means the community would know each other better and be more unified, which would make it nicer to live in. Writing on papyrus would be better than clay tablets because they could be stored and would take up less space, and writing would be a shorter process due to not having to bake papyrus. These are the factors that influenced our decision to prefer to live in Egypt
rather than Mesopotamia.
Social Classes Differences
-The Mesopotamian and Egyptian social classes were very similar thus there were not very many differences
Gov't and Law Codes Differences of Mesopotamia and Egypt
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