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Mythological Creatures

Greek Mythology
by

Hailey White

on 22 January 2014

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Transcript of Mythological Creatures

Naiads
The Furies
Minotaur
Pan
Erinys
"The Avengers"
"Pursue, Persecute" sometimes referred to as "Infernal Goddesses"
Female chthonic deities of vengeance
Those who beneath the earth punish whosoever has sworn a false oath
Their task is to hear complaints
Brought by mortals against the insolence of the young to the aged,
Satyr
Nereids
Mythological Creatures
A monstrous fire-breathing creature of Lycia in Asia Minor
Made of the parts of three animals — a lion, a snake and a goat.
Usually depicted as a lion, with the head of a goat arising from its back, and a tail that ended in a snake's head
Chimera
Name means: guardian, protectress
A monster, a Gorgon, generally described as having the face of a hideous human female with living venomous snakes in place of hair.
Medusa
Head, arms, and torso of a human and the body and legs of a horse.
Latin: Centaurus
Born of Ix ion and Nephele or of Apollo and Stilbe, daughter of the river god Peneus.
Centaur
Creature with the head of a bull and the body of a man.
Designed by the architect Daedalus
Killed by the Athenian hero Theseus.
Dwelt at the center of the Cretan Labyrinth
Latin Name: Satyros
A troop of male companions
Of Pan and Dionysus with goat-like (caprine) features
The satyrs' chief was Silenus
Minor deity associated (like Hermes and Priapus) with fertility.
Are obssessed with nyphs.
A type of nymph
Water Spirit
They distinct from river gods
Naiads were associated with fresh water
Arethusa, could make her way through subterranean flows from the Peloponnesus, to surface on the island of Sicily.
Object of archaic local cults
Worshipped as essential to humans
Gazing directly upon her would turn onlookers to stone
Daughter of Phorcys and Ceto
Medusa was beheaded by Perseus
Parents: many variations including: Hermes and Driope, Aphrodite, Penelope, or Hecate
Syblings: Satyrs, Laertes, Circe, Maenads
god of the wild, shepherds and flocks
Companion of the nymphs.
Name means "to pasture"
Appears same as a faun or satyr
Connected to fertility and the season of spring
Also considered god of theatrical criticism.
One of the offspring of Typhon and Echidna and a sibling of such monsters as Cerberus and the Lernaean Hydra.
Homer attributes the rearing of Chimera to Amisodorus
Are sea nymphs
female spirits of sea waters
the fifty daughters of Nereus and Doris, sisters to Nerites.
They were distinct from the mermaid-like Sirens.
They often accompany Poseidon
She is called on by the goddess Diana to avenge the death of the Amazon-like female warrior Camilla.
By Hailey White
Charon
ferryman of Hades
carries souls of the newly deceased across the rivers Styx and Acheron
A coin to pay Charon for passage, usually an obolus or danake, was sometimes placed in or on the mouth of a dead person.
those who could not pay the fee, unbarried had to roam the shores for one hundred years.
He is referend by “of keen gaze” referring either to fierce, flashing, or feverish eyes
Cerberus
Multi headed dog (hellhound)
Used to guard the entrance of Hedes
Offspring of Echidna, a hybrid half-woman and half-serpent, and Typhon, a gigantic monster
Three heads represent past, present and future
Can also mean birth, youth and old age
Appetite for live meat
Full transcript