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7th Grade Literary Elements Lesson

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by

Leslie Bezzaz

on 31 October 2016

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Transcript of 7th Grade Literary Elements Lesson

Point of View
Characters
Setting
Conflict

Plot
Theme
Elements or Parts of a Story
What is "point of view"?
There are 3 Types
of point of view:
First Person
Second Person
Third Person
Literary Elements
It's the
WAY
a story is told, which depends on
WHO
is telling it.
omniscient
limited

First Person POV
Narrator is a character in the story,
Uses 1st-person pronouns such as "I, me, we, my, us, our"
Second Person POV
Narrator tells the story to the reader making the reader a character in the story.
Uses 2nd-person pronouns such as "You, your."
Third Person POV
Narrator does not participate in the story and does not refer to him/herself
Uses 3rd-person pronouns such as "He, she, her, they, them" and character names
Two Types of 3rd-Person POV
Omniscient =
Narrator knows thoughts and feelings of ALL characters
Enables reader to get insight into several characters
Limited =
Narrator tells only what one character thinks, feels, observes and does not reach into minds of other characters
Other characters’ thoughts, feelings revealed indirectly through dialogue, etc.
Useful for surprise endings

What goes into making a great story?
Like Max telling
stories about his experiences with
Freak and Worm
Rarely used
What is characterization?
The process authors use to develop characters and create images of the characters for the reader
Remember dynamic/round and static/flat characters?
Protagonist
antagonist
Two other terms to describe characters...
Omniscient =
Narrator knows thoughts and feelings of ALL characters
Enables reader to get insight into several characters
Protagonist
A main character, usually a hero or good guy, who undergoes some kind of change due to a struggle

Examples =
Harry Potter in the Harry Potter series,
Max in Max The Mighty
Who's a protagonist in Maniac Magee?

Antagonist
A character, usually a bad guy or villain, who struggles or fights against the protagonist

Examples =
Voldemort in the Harry Potter series,
The Undertaker in Max The Mighty
Who's an antagonist in Maniac Magee?

What is setting?
• The context/circumstances in which a story takes place
• Includes the time, place and social context
• Sets the environment or mood of scenes in the story

What is conflict?
• A struggle between opposing forces

There are 4 different types of conflict.
Internal
man vs. self
external
man vs. man
man vs. society
man vs. nature
What are the four types of conflict?...
struggle with
character(s)
struggle with society or a group
Example: fight for civil rights
struggle with natural disasters, animals, etc.
What is plot?
The structure of the story or the arrangement of events and actions
Contains several parts
Omniscient =
Narrator knows thoughts and feelings of ALL characters
Enables reader to get insight into several characters
What are the parts of a plot?
Omniscient =
Narrator knows thoughts and feelings of ALL characters
Enables reader to get insight into several characters
What should I do? Why did I do that?
struggle with other character(s)
struggle with society or a group
Example: fight for civil rights
struggle with natural disasters, animals, etc.
Exposition = introduction or beginning; the way things are before the action starts; introduces the characters, setting, main conflict
Rising action = the series of events that lead to the climax, the conflict develops here increasing tension and suspense
Climax = the turning point, the most intense moment in action or emotion
Falling action = the action that follows the climax, the conflict is ending or being resolved
• Resolution = the conclusion, loose ends are tied up
https://www.flocabulary.com/plot-elements/
What is theme?
• The central idea of a work of literature, the moral, message or life lesson the author wants you to take away from the story.

Theme is bigger than one character or plot. It's universal and can apply to anyone in the world..
Theme is an OPINION about a topic or subject.
A theme should not be too obvious like "Friendship is good." An interesting theme is more complicated, such as "Friendship can help you accomplish almost anything."

Let's look at Finding Nemo
The topic could be: Friendship or Persistence
What does Marlin learn about persistence from Dory?
Persistence pays off or Just keep swimming and you'll find what you're looking for

What is a topic of Max the Mighty?
What is an opinion statement you can make about that topic?

That's a theme of the story!

What should I do?
Why did I do that?
Full transcript