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Mexican Immigration in the 1920's
Transcript of Mexican Immigration in the 1920's
Some lost their jobs
Others went on strike
Nativism, a strong anti-immigrant feeling, swept the nation Nativists didn't want immigrants coming to U.S.
Immigrants took jobs from U.S. citizens for less pay (leaving nativists with no job)
Brought different customs, culture, languages, religious belief; nativists saw this as a threat
Immigrants greeted with suspicion and hostility
Many immigrants became "Americanized" OPPOSING IMMIGRATION Immigrants became "Americanized" to fit in
Changed their clothing
Changed their lifestyle & diets
As immigration increased, nativists kept worrying BECOMING "AMERICANIZED" Emergency Quota Act set total U.S. immigration at 357,000 a year
Limited number of immigrants from any country to 3% of each nationality's U.S. population
Kept immigrants from eastern and southern Europe totally out of U.S.
Did not limit any immigration from Western Hemisphere
This helped American business owners/farmers; they could hire many Mexican immigrants LIMITING IMMIGRATION Many moved to north to fill jobs during WW1
Thousands of Mexican American workers went to manufacturing centers
500,000 Mexicans moved to U.S. during this time
Some wanted better business opportunities
Many fled to escape Mexican Revolution
Most settled in California and Texas
Mexican immigrants were paid poorly
Young women left their traditional roles; worked outside home
Many lived in temporary camps
Some Spanish-speaking residents formed Barrios, or neighborhoods, where they shared common culture
Most left to get away from the Cristero War MEXICAN AMERICANS Many immigrated to get away from The Cristero War
War lasted from 1926 to 1929
90,000 lives lost
Thousands come to U.S. for better life, but most leave after a few years
The ones who stay are the best educated and have good paying jobs THE CRISTERO WAR 1. McDougal, Holt, , and . Holt McDougal. New York, Chicago: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., Print.
2. "Mexicans migration to U.S.." warrensburg.k12.mo.us. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Sep 2012. <http://warrensburg.k12.mo.us/soc/mxpx/megan.html>.
3. "A 1920s View of Mexican Immigrants." unzcontest.org. WordPress, n.d. Web. 11 Sep 2012. <http://www.unzcontest.org/2012/04/24/a-1920s-view-of-mexican-immigrants/>. CITATIONS VIDEO -Stop at 2:00