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Gothic Elements in Dracula

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Louise Hardison

on 29 March 2016

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Transcript of Gothic Elements in Dracula

Gothic Elements in
Dracula

Gothic Literature Prior to and Around
Dracula
Gothic Literature Elements in Dracula
The Modernization of Gothic Literature After Dracula
Beginnings of Gothic Literature
Gothic Literature Before Dracula
Isolation
Women, Dreams, and, Dramatics
An Atmosphere of Mystery or Suspense
Literature
Films
Activity
Maggie Dreishpoon, Louise Hardison, Bridget Smyth
Origins of Gothic Literature
Gothic literature began as a joke. In 1764 Horace Walpole claimed he had found a a genuine medieval manuscript called
The Castle of Otranto
. A year after "translating" and publishing the book Walpole came clean and admitted he made the whole thing up.
The Castle of Otranto
The Castle of Otranto is regarded as the first Gothic novel. Walpole claimed the manuscript could have dated as far back as the crusades. Both the manuscript and the author, "Onuphrio Muralto", were fictional creations of Walpole. Previously critics loved it, but now they hated it.
The Mysteries of
Udolpho
For a few decades, Gothic literature was untouched. That was until 1790s. The doyenne of Gothic novelists was Ann Radcliffe, and her 1794 novel,
The Mysteries of Udolpho
held many of the same Gothic characteristics of
The Castle of Otranto
.
The Second Wave of Gothic
A second wave of Gothic literature arose in the early 19th century, particularly with Mary Shelley's
Frankenstein
. Shelley brought a whole new element of science fiction to Gothic literature. Robert Louis Stevenson’s
Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde also
features science.
Thesis:
Dracula
, by Brahm Stoker, was the novel that paved the road for modern Gothic literature and culture and defined it's elements through classic themes of fear and the supernatural.
The Castle of Otranto
Plot:
This is a story about Manfred. On his son's wedding day his son is killed. Manfred is worried this will be the end to his bloodline so he tries to marry his son's princess bride. She runs away with the help of a peasant, Theodore. He is captured.
In a strange turn of events, Theodore wounds Isabella's father, who in turn ends up falling in love with Manfred's daughter. So, these two decide they'll marry each other's daughters (ew). Manfred is pissed Isabella is with Theodore so he goes and stabs her. But it's not Isabella! It's his daughter! And she dies! Theodore is then revealed to be the prince and marries Isabella.
Gothic Elements:
Setting in a Castle: The title is literally
The Castle of Otranto
An ancient prophecy: That his family line will end with his son.
Supernatural events: His son being killed by a helmet
Women in distress: Poor Isabella
Mystery and suspense
Metonymy of gloom and horror
Gothic vocabulary.
What Gothic Literature do you already know?
Jane Eyre
Plot:
Jane Eyre is a love story. At the beginning of her story, Jane is a ten-year-old orphan living with a family who dislikes her. As she grows older she excels in school (despite the death of her friend Helen) and becomes a governess. Jane falls in love with Edward Rochester and decides to marry him.
Many bizarre things happen in the manor, including a game of charades in which Mr. Rochester is "married" and "in chains". At the wedding a guest reveals that Mr. Rochester has his insane first wife, Bertha, hidden away in the attic. Jane leaves and gains an inheritance from her late uncle. After Bertha attempts to burn down the house, Jane, marries Mr. Rochester
Gothic Elements:
Atmosphere of Mystery: Mystery surrounding Thornfield Hall
Setting in a castle/manor: Thornfield Hall
Supernatural occurrences: Bertha is often times referred to as a vampire (wink wink Dracula)
Prior to Dracula
Prior to Dracula, the supernatural element of novels leaned towards spirits and ghosts, and very seldomly delved into monsters. After the publication of Dracula, it was much more popular to find horror creatures in Gothic literature.
Movies and TV shows with Gothic elements, specifically Vampiric ties, have evolved into an intriguing, eye catching, and enticing form of entertainment
The product of a modern day mystery/thrilling production, does not only appeal to an archaic/traditional Vampiric storyline, instead it is manipulated as a base, in which the plot is built off of the "hype" and Allure of mystery and threat, that comes with vampires role's in novels movies, etc.
Gothic Literature has developed distinct characteristics in the modern day market of entertainment, to appeal to the evolved movement of not only Vampirism, but mystery movies as well. Today, Gothic lit has ditched the desolate setting, but kept the other characteristics.
Have you ever felt isolated in your life?
TV Shows
Harker Arrives at the Castle
Recently, vampires and all things goth have become more and more popular in today's culture.


What are some modern TV shows or Movies that you believe have Gothic elements?
Written in first person, Harker arrives at the desolate, crumbling castle. This point of view creates a bond between Harker and the reader, making the tone more ominous.
“The castle is a veritable prison, and I am a prisoner”
Here, Dracula explains his isolation in the castle.
Harker Extends His Stay
As the story progresses, Harker is physically isolated in the castle with Dracula, causing him to go mad, which is evident with this quote.
"Whilst I live here, there is but one thing to hope for; that I may not go mad, if indeed, I be not mad already!”
Another example of his madness is his dream.
Vs.
Women in Distress
Lucy is seen as an innocent victim in
Dracula
. Many times she is made vulnerable to the attacks of vampires. She is seen sleep walking which puts her in a state of semi-conscious passivity.
"Then, too, Lucy, although she is so well, has lately taken to her old habit of walking in her sleep."
Women and Dramatics
In Gothic literature women are often times found in states of distress or high emotion, whether it be happiness, sorrow, or anger. This is evident with Lucy towards the end of Dracula till her death.
The Three Women
A common theme in Gothic literature that appeals to the fascination in the unpredictable and uncontrollable subconscious. Thought to be the most inner truth of a person's thoughts. Harker has a nightmarish dream during his stay in the castle of three women who both excite and terrify him,
a result of his madness.
Suspense
As mentioned before, a large part of any Gothic novel is a feeling of suspense.
Dracula
is full of it. For example, Stoker initially creates this suspense through the use of Stokers journal entries.
How does he do this?
Mystery
As with suspense, there is also mystery in
Dracula
. For much of the novel the characters are perplexed by the illness that has overcome Lucy.
"I want you to do me a favor. Lucy is ill; that is, she has no special disease, but she looks awful . . . I told her I should ask you to see her . . . and she finally consented."
How has Gothic culture changed over the years?
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