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Transcript of cell phones
By: Michelle Ortiz
Cell phone: A device created to enable people to communicate in different geographic areas over a radio link.
Martin Cooper invented the cell phone in April 1973, but it was not commercially sold until 1983 by Motorola.
The prototype was built in New York and initial testing was done in Washington, then returned to New York 10 years later to be presented to the public.
The rise of cell phone availability has increased civilian participation in politics, something people in most countries appreciate. A 2010 study from the Pew Research Center found that 26 percent of Americans used their cell phones to learn about or participate in the 2010 mid-term elections. These participations included raising money, delivering candidate messages, and helping reporters cover campaigns both in U.S. and global elections.
-In Namibia cell phone usage has allowed citizens to hold their government officials more accountable and reduce corruption.
-As a result of the increasing use of cell phones to organize political protests for or against the government during the recent protests in Egypt, the Mubarak government shut down all cell phone communications in an attempt to stop the large crowd of protesters from growing further. Similarly, Mozambique’s government attempted to shut down text message traffic during swelling protests over food prices in Fall 2010.
Cheng, R. (2013, April 3). The first call from a
cell phone was made 40 years ago today. CNET News. Retrieved January 12, 2014, from http://news.cnet.com/8301-1035_3-57577704-94/the-first-call-from-a-cell-phone-was-made-40-years-ago-today/
• Between 13-17 years of age, American teens roughly send 235-phone call per month while 1,742 text messages are sent in the same time period. Thus proving that the average American teen is less likely to communicate verbally than to communicate via text.
• When the majority of Americans are texting, their use of slang such as “u” instead of “you" presents a problem for young Americans because texting with slang has become a part of their vocabulary, this interferes with their schoolwork, such as writing an English paper or an essay for Mrs. Pitt. ;)
Plaza, D., & Sedycias, R. (n.d.). Portable Partners.
ThinkQuest. Retrieved January 12, 2014, from http://library.thinkquest.org/08aug/01589/cellphones_positive.html
Harden, S., & Comm, Q. (n.d.). Mobile Device / Cell
Phone Statistics. Statistic Brain RSS. Retrieved January 10, 2014, from http://www.statisticbrain.com/mobile-device-cell-phone-statistics/
Baron, N. (n.d.). The Dark Side of Mobile Phones.
www.amercan.edu. Retrieved January 12, 2014, from http://www.american.edu/cas/lfs/faculty-docs/upload/The-Dark-Side-of-Mobile-Phones.pdf
Bemah, A. (n.d.). Social Impact of mobile Phone
device. Social Impact of mobile Phone device. Retrieved January 12, 2014, from http://afroeuro.org/magazine/?p=4722
Smith, A. (n.d.). The Best (and Worst) of Mobile
Connectivity. Users see cell phones as having mostly a positive impact on their lives, but also see some drawbacks to constant connectivity.. Retrieved January 12, 2014, from http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2012/Best-Worst-Mobile/Part-III/Impacts.aspx
Mobile Technology's Impact on Political Campaigns
in the U.S. and Around the World. (2012, February 14). The Brookings Institution. Retrieved January 12, 2014, from http://www.brookings.edu/events/2012/02/14-mobile-campaigns
Seckan, B. (2013, June 12). Technology and
collective action: Cell phones and violence in Africa. Journalists Resource RSS. Retrieved January 12, 2014, from http://journalistsresource.org/studies/international/global-tech/technology-collective-action-effect-cell-phone-coverage-political-violence-africa#
Shapiro, J., & Weidmann, N. (2012, January 7). Is
the Phone Mightier than the Sword? Cell Phones and Insurgent Violence in Iraq. princeton.edu. Retrieved January 12, 2014, from http://www.princeton.edu/~jns/papers/SW_2011_Cell_Phones_Insurgency_07JAN12.pdf
Cohen, S. (2009, June 23). The New York
Observer. The New York Observer The Impact of Technology on PoliticalCommunication Comments. Retrieved January 11, 2014, from http://observer.com/2009/06/the-impact-of-technology-on-political-communication/
Vargas, J. (2008, November 20). The Trail: A Daily
Diary of Campaign 2008. Obama Raised Half a Billion Online. Retrieved January 12, 2014, from http://voices.washingtonpost.com/44/2008/11/20/obama_raised_half_a_billion_on.html
People spend money on plans to get unlimited texting/talking, wireless internet, long distance calling, and insurance. In 2012 the average price for a cell phone bill was $47.16. According to New York Times in 2012, $46% of Americans were spending $100 or more on phone bills. This makes the economy fall as people can not pay other bills.
Instead of saving money for schooling, teens are buying the most expensive phones that have the cool features. In 2010 teens spent $42.8 million on cell phones. It is estimated that by 2015 teens will spend $1.8 billion on cellphones. The age for buying a first cell phone is 13, the money spent on a cell phone could be better spent on something more age appropriate or educational.
Although phone prices are increasing now, they have decreased since they were first released, they were around $3000-4000 per phone, translating to $7000
to $8000 in today's money. Depending on the
plan you carry with your phone company, phones range from a $100-$1000 today. Even though these prices are still high, there is a big decrease from 1983, making the price more suitable for the economy.
Cell phones and their flow of information have
created faster and more efficient work allowing many markets/business around the world. Businesses have increased due to cell phones, they allow people
to make exchanges, and communicate quickly. As cell phone technology increases, businesses have more cellphone uses throughout work. Allowing businesses to increase job production and make more money.
-The increase of cell phone availability has improved the ability of violent groups to organize and incite conflict such as the Arab Spring
The modern cell phone has revolutionized how people have contacted their friends and families from long geographical areas with low charges. This way, there are fewer problems with keeping in contact with peers and relatives compared to the way Americans did prior to the modern cellular device.
Anjarwalla, T. (n.d.). Inventor of Cell Phone: We
knew Someday Everybody would Have One . CNN. Retrieved January 12, 2014, from http://www.cnn.com/2010/TECH/mobile/07/09/cooper.cell.phone.inventor/
Before the cell phone, majority of Americans own portable phone known as “brick” phones. These phones were large and most stored the device in their vehicle. But since the cellular phone has been innovated for the years to come they have been more portable for the average use.
Social Impacts: Negative
Social Impacts: Positive
About 30 percent of all Americans that owns a cell phone, describe their experience with the modern phone as it “made it easier to plan and schedule your daily routine”.
Economic Impacts: Negative
Economic Impacts: Positive
Works Cited Continued
Political Impacts: Negative
Political Impacts: Positive
Kenzie. (Designer). (2011). My Cell Phone Timeline
[Web Photo]. Retrieved January 12, 2014 from http://www.franklin.k12.ma.us/rem8thpages/Jennakenzie/2 page.html
unknown. (Designer). Evolution of the Cell Phone
[Print Photo]. Retrieved January 12, 2014 from http://www.dumix.rs/mobilni.htm
Aaron Overton. (Photograph). Retrieved January 12, 2014 from http://www.flickr.com/
Cell phone integration has increased in the education system. All over the nation students and teachers both use the cellphone in learning or teaching by means of apps or websites for better studying and communication. It is now very common to see a classroom using a cellphone, as to back in the day when cell phones where prohibited and seen as a classroom distraction. This shows how the cell phone has developed to make education easier and more productive.