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Cyprus through the ages: a short journey

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Efthymia Priki

on 14 November 2016

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Transcript of Cyprus through the ages: a short journey

1191 - Richard the Lionheart, king of England, conquers the island on his way to the Holy Land (Third Crusade). He initially sells it to the Knights Templar, but eventually Cyprus passes to the French nobleman, Guy de Lusignan, former king of the Latin state of Jerusalem.
Guy de Lusignan becomes the founder of the Lusignan dynasty of kings and queens of Cyprus, who ruled the island until 1489.
New elements:
Feudalism
Catholicism - gothic monuments, artistic syncretism
The capital moves to Ammochostos (Famagusta)
Economy: sugar, commandaria (Hospitallers), lace, etc.
1050-310 BC
310 BC - 330 AD
1191-1489
10000-1050 BC
330-1191 AD
Cyprus through the ages: a short journey
Prehistoric Age
10000 BC - First evidence of human presence on the island
at Akrotiri Aetokremmos
8200-3800 BC - Neolithic Age (Khirokitia, Kalavasos-Tenta)
3800-2400 BC - Chalcholithic Age (Lempa)
2400-1050 BC - Bronze Age
The Age of City-Kingdoms
Ptolemaic and Roman Periods
310-30 BC The island falls under Ptolemaic rule, during Alexander the Great's campaign to the East. Capital: Pafos.
Introduction of Greek Alphabet
30 BC - 330 AD Romans take control of Cyprus
Byzantine period
395 AD - Cyprus becomes part of the Eastern Roman Empire, more commonly known as Byzantine Empire.
488 AD - Emperor Zeno confirms the independence (
autokephalon
) of the Cypriot church. Capital moves from Pafos to Salamis-Constantia. Construction of great basilicas.
7th-9th centuries - Arab raids against Cyprus
965-1191 AD - Construction of castles and fortifications, foundation of churches and monasteries.
Frankish Period
Venetian Period
1489 - After her son's and husband's death (King James II), Caterina Cornaro ceded the island to Venice, becoming thus the last queen of Cyprus.
Ottoman period
Expulsion of Latins
The Orthodox Church is given privileges and religious and political authority over the Greek population of the island.
Establishment of the office of Dragoman - mediator between Ottomans and Greek Cypriots (Hadjigeorgakis Kornesios).
From the early 18th century - social and economic resurgence. Development of coastal towns. Larnaca becomes a centre for consular activity.
1821 - The contribution of the Greek Cypriots to the Greek Revolution results in the execution of the Archbishop Kyprianos, three bishops and 470 clerics and laymen.
1489-1571
1571-1878
1878-1960
1960-today
The Iron Age saw the development of ten independent city-kingdoms:
Paphos (Greek)
Salamis (Greek)
Soloi (Greek)
Kourion (Greek)
Chytroi (Greek)
Kition (Phoenician)
Amathus (Eteocypriot)
Idalion (Greek)
Ledrai (Greek)
Tamassos (Greek)
Kyrenia (Greek)
Lapethos (Greek)
Marion (Greek)
Three languages:
'Eteocypriot' (undeciphered)
Greek
Phoenician
Only one system of writing:
The Cypriot syllabary
British Rule
c. 45 AD Apostles Paul and Barnabas visit the island
Gradual conversion to Christianity
“Five times I received from the Jews the forty lashes minus one.” [Corinthians 2 11:24]
The Conversion of the Proconsul, also known as The Blinding of Elymas, Raphael (1515-16)
The island becomes a Venetian colony. Art and commerce flourish.
The Venetians undertook major fortification projects (Nicosia and Famagusta walls) to defend themselves against the Ottoman threat.
1570/1571- Ottoman conquest of the island.
Full transcript