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shang dynasty

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Shang Dynasty

on 26 February 2013

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Transcript of shang dynasty

The Shang Dynasty For a long time, the Shang people were believed to be a myth to historians and archaeologists.
No one has found any other evidence of the Shang Dynasty except for the leaders that were mentioned in the early writings discovered in a tomb. This all changed at the end of the 19th century.
During that time, "dragon bones" were being sold by medicine sellers in China.
Dragon bones were constantly found as farmers ploughed their fields near the Chinese city of Anyang.
When the bones were studied, Chinese scholars noticed markings embedded on the bones.
Archaeologists began to explore the area near Anyang and in the 1920s, they discovered thousands more bones.
Near the modern-day city of Anyang, they found a settlement that they determined was the last capital city of the Shang Dynasty.
With the discovery of this lost settlement, they finally had proof that the Shang Dynasty really had existed. What is the Shang Dynasty? Daily Life in the Shang Dynasty Technology and Art King was chosen by "Divine Right"
King was believed to be a descendent of the Supreme God, Shang Ti
Believed to rule by the "Mandate of Heaven"
Every decision was made by the king
The sun and moon guided the king's decisions 1. How does the Shang dynasty affect us in daily life?
2. What were oracle bones? How were they used?
3. Describe the decision making process. Questions World History Societies of The Past Bibliography 1. What is the Shang Dynasty?
2. Daily life in the Shang Dynasty
3. Technology and Art
4. Military and Government Divine Right of the King (Government) Clothing Men wore hats until later when elaborate hairstyles were popular
All men wore belted tunics with jackets over top of the tunics
There was no difference in fashion between nobles and peasants the only difference was the material and the complexity of the designs on the tunic women wore elaborate hairstyles held up with bone and jade
All women wore belted skirts and a tunic with a jacket over top
the only difference in fashion was the material and the complexity of the designs on the tunic
some women wore necklaces and pendants Housing in the final capital of the Shang dynasty the buildings were mainly palaces and temples
walls were made of twigs and mud
roofs were probably thatched
buildings were surrounded by a courtyard
most peasants lived outside the of the city in mud huts Decision Making Many decisions were made by casting oracle bones
the king would write a question on ox bone or tortoise shell.
A bronze pointer was placed on the bone until the bone cracked
the cracks would then be read as yes, no, lucky, or unlucky. Yi Oracle bones, bone, turtle shell, or cattle scapulae pieces, inscribed with Chinese characters, were the most competent East Asian Calligraphic Visual Art, practiced in the Shang dynasty. Oracle bones were used to practice a form of fortune telling called pyro-osteomancy Pyro-osteomancy is basically when seers tell the future based on "reading" the cracks in cattle bone in either their natural state or after they have been burnt The earliest form of pyro-osteomancy found in China included the bones of sheep, cattle, pigs, in addition to turtle plastrons (shells). Stoneware of the Shang dynasty is particularly noted for its emphasis on beauty of form and its brilliant feldspathic glazes; Jun ware, for example, is covered with a thick, dense, lavender-blue glaze often suffused with crimson purple. The Shang dynasty saw several important advances in pottery technology which included the development of a hard-bodied, high-fire stoneware and pottery glazes. Religion they lived in a polytheistic religion
common people worshiped different gods than nobles did
their main god was Tein (god of heaven)
people consulted Wu (sorcerers)
Wu provided spells to keep away evil spirits and to provide the help of friendly spirits The Development of Writing The Shang Dynasty was the earliest dynasty in China to communicate with writing.
About 4500 different characters have been found and at least 1000 of them have a connection with modern Chinese writing.
Language specialists translated the inscriptions and they figured out that the bones had told stories about the Shang Dynasty rulers.
Scholars say that their writing may have begun with little drawings, called pictographs, of the objects they owned and they eventually became characters in Chinese writing. The Military The Shang Army was a very powerful one
Especially powerful because they wielded advanced, bronze weapons
The usage of bronze gave the Shang great advantages over their enemies
Shang armies consisted of large numbers of foot soldiers, archers, cavalry riding horses and elephants, and fighters in chariots.
Many soldiers were peasants
They used bronze tipped halberds and spears, the compound bow, and the horse drawn chariot. Books Websites http://www.sanjuan.edu/webpages/eoverholt/files/ch%2020.pdf
http://spice.stanford.edu/docs/117
http://www.china-history.net/shang.htm
https://www.boundless.com/art-history/chinese-and-korean-art-before-1279/bronze-age/shang-dynasty/ Social Organization The King Nobles Craftspeople Traders Farmers Slaves
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