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Ethylene Glycol

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by

Michelle Tinker

on 8 March 2011

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Transcript of Ethylene Glycol

Works Cited http://www.eoearth.org/article/Public_Health_Statement_for_Ethylene_Glycol_and_Propylene_Glycol Ethylene Glycol Synethic chemcical that absorbs water Clear, colorless, slight sweet taste Liquid at room temperature Used to make antifreeze
and
deicing chemicals. Used because it absorbs water. It lowers the freezing point of water and raises the boiling point. http://www.vet.uga.edu/vpp/clerk/Torres/ A chemical in inks
and brake fluids. A solvent in paint,
plastics, and
polyester fibers Prevents overheating Waste from the process of manufacturing When used as deicing agents, the runoff enter the environment Not likely to exist in the air Breaks down relativly quickly in soil and water Workers in idustries that use anitfreeze, coolants, or de icing fluids Children by accidential ingestion http://www.ph.ucla.edu/ehs/student%20hazards/antifreeze.pdf Small amounts won't have a great affect Large amouts damage the kidneys, nervous system, heart, and lungs It can form crystals in your kidneys and acidic chemicals that can change the body's acid/base balance The EPA has not classified ethylene glycol for carcinogenicity Yes, there is a test to determine if someone has been posioned Recommendations to protect human health Use local exhaust ventilation at the site of chemical release
Respirators should be worn while working with chemical .
Wear protective work clothing.
Wash thoroughly immediately after exposure to Ethylene Glycol
ATSDR- focuses on minimizing human health risks associated with exposure to hazardous substances
HSEES- reduce the morbidity and mortality that result from hazardous substances events, which are experienced by first responders, employees, and the general public.
H.R. 2567: Antifreeze Bittering Act of 2006 Would require antifreeze to contain a bittering agent to render it unpalatable. Has yet to be passed by Congress http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=h109-2567 poisonings are common and serious Many accidential, some used for murder In 1996 in Haiti, 86 children were killed when cough medicine they took was contaminated with ethylene glycol. The manufactor for the Dutch company Vos, which is located in China, denies any responsibilty. A joint investigation was initiated by the Ministry of Health of Haiti, the University General Hospital in Port-au-Prince, the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization, the Caribbean Epidemiology Center, and CDC. The medicine was taken off the shelves about half a year after it first appeared http://www.cjem-online.ca/v4/n1/p34

http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/phs/phs.asp?id=84&tid=21 http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/hs/hsees/
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