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TP-CASTT for "Harlem" by Langston Hughes

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Kate Dowling

on 11 September 2014

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Transcript of TP-CASTT for "Harlem" by Langston Hughes

TP-CASTT is a method for analyzing poetry. It is a method used to help us understand, appreciate, and communicate about poetry and the power of words.

Take a look at the title and try to decide what the poem might be about. Make a prediction.

Remember, the poet chose that title for a reason--so what IS the reason?
PARAPHRASE-restating the plot (the literal meaning) of the poem.

Where does the poem take place? Who is the speaker?Who was involved? Were there any conflicts?

The first step toward analyzing *anything* you read is putting what you read into words you understand.
Consider any deeper or extended meanings. Look at the words as individual pieces of the poem.

What are the associated emotions that are connected to specific words?

Poetic devices: imagery, metaphor, simile, personification, rhyme patterns, rhythm, diction, alliteration, etc.
(ALL of the elements of poetry we have discussed)

Describe how these elements add meaning to the poem.
Identify the attitude(s) present in the poem and then identify the literary devices (including diction) that help express the tone.
Shift = changes

* tone
* feelings
* the use of poetic devices
* tense
* structure--stanzas, line length, punctuation

Step Six: T is for Title

I know, I know--we already did the title, right? But that was before you knew what the poem meant! :) Go back and reconsider the title. Does it have any new significance?
Theme is found in poetry using 3 steps:

1. Reconsider the plot. What is the poet saying?

2. List the subject of the poem.
Begin with the obvious, literal subjects, and then proceed down your list to the more abstract subjects (concepts like "innocence" or "longing").


3. Write one sentence explaining what the poet is saying about the subject. What lessons are they teaching their readers?

Is the theme of the poem universal?--applicable to everyone, in every period in history, everywhere?
Complete the TP-CASTT chart for the poem "". Tomorrow in groups, you will write a two paragraph (14 sentence) analysis of the poem.

*This is what you will be doing on your semester exam*
Step One: T is for TITLE
Step Two: P is for Paraphrase
Step Three: C is for Connotation
Step Four: A is for Attitude
Step Five: S is for Shifts
Step 6: T is for Title (again)
Look at the title once again

Was your prediction correct, or after reading and analyzing the poem further, do you have a new insight into the meaning behind the title?
Step Seven: T is for Theme
"Dreams"
by Langston Hughes
Hold fast to dreams
For if dreams die
Life is a broken-winged bird
That cannot fly.

Hold fast to dreams
For when dreams go
Life is a barren field
Frozen with snow.
T
P

C

A

S

T
T
DO NOW:

Step One: 1st & 2nd Block : Read "Still I Rise" by Maya Angelou. Annotate the poem.



Step Two: With a partner, complete the TPCASTT chart for "Still I Rise" by Maya Angelou. (20 min)


First, let's review some vocabulary
literal = means “exact” or “not exaggerated”. Literal language is language that means exactly what is said. Most of the time, we use literal language.

figurative = the opposite of literal language. Figurative language is language that means more than what it says on the surface. Often used by poets and other writers.
Write the following
title and author on your
TP-CASTT handout

Piano
by D. H. Lawrence

Softly, in the dusk, a woman is singing to me;
Taking me back down the vista of years, till I see
A child sitting under the piano, in the boom of the tingling strings
And pressing the small, poised feet of a mother who smiles as she sings.

In spite of myself, the insidious mastery of song
Betrays me back, till the heart of me weeps to belong
To the old Sunday evenings at home, with winter outside
And hymns in the cozy parlour, the tinkling piano our guide.

So now it is vain for the singer to burst into clamour
With the great black piano appassionato.
The glamour Of childish days is upon me, my manhood is cast
Down in the flood of remembrance, I weep like a child for the past.

Piano by D. H. Lawrence.

Doing a TP-CASTT poem analysis will help you turn your observations into meaningful discussions or writing.
You have noticed the details - now can put them together so you can understand and talk about the poem much better.

Let's Practice!

Make sure you copy down all responses
on your TPCASTT handout
From "Dead Poet's Society"
3rd Block: Read "Analysis of Baseball"
Annotate a the poem.
DO NOW:
Class Work 3.27.14
1.) Read and Annotate the article titled "A Picture of Detroit Ruin" and the poem "There Are Birds Here"

2.) In your Group, TPCASTT the poem and discuss the main idea and overall structure of the article

3.) Independent Practice: Log onto http://bit.ly/1m7ZIB1
Today we will take a close look at Langston Hughes' poem "Harlem."
It is also sometimes referred to as "A Dream Deferred."

A brief word about Langston Hughes . . .
Listen carefully to the audio of the poem. We will replay it a second time so you can observe pictures.
Full transcript