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Transcript of Gulf War
Disputes for Oil.
Iraq vs Iran War.
Iraq blamed Kuwait for the Oil price reduction in 1990.
Iraq wanted access to Gulf through the Umm Qasr Port (Bubiyan y Warbah).
Kuwait's Invasion Troops were moved towards Kuwait-Iraq border on late July.
The Invasion started on August 2, 1990.
Commandos, seized the Capital and the Emir's Palace.
The Sheikh Jaber fled to Saudi-Arabia before his Palace fell.
Two air bases and a airport were taken as well.
Saddam Hussein set up a provisional government with his cousin Ali Hassan Al-Majid in August 8, 1990
Resolution 660: Condemning the invasion and demanding a withdrawal of Iraqi troops.
Resolution 661: Placed economic sanctions on Iraq.
Resolution 665: Naval Blockade.
Resolution 678: Iraq had a withdrawal deadline until 15 January 1991
Coalition On January 16, President Bush starts war with Iraq by attacking Bagdad.
Argentina, Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Greece, Italy, Kuwait, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Portugal, Qatar, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Spain, Syria, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Japan and Germany were not part of this, but they gave financial support. Iraq Attacks Israel On January 18/ 1991, Iraq attacked Tel-Aviv with Scud Missiles.
During the War, 39 missiles landed in Israel but did not cause big damage in the country.
US and Netherlands sent defensive missiles to Israel.
Despite being attacked, Israel did not join the War.
Battle of Khafji It took place in and around the Saudi Arabian city of Khafji, from 29 January to 1 February 1991, when the city was recaptured.
This battle meant the end of the US air attacks.
This city was very important because of its strategical location. Operation Desert Shield After having taken control over Kuwait Hussein started do verbally attack Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Arabia had 20% of world's oil reserves.
On August 7, 1990 US troops moved to Saudi Arabia.
Kuwait's Liberation Iraq agreed to leave Kuwait if it has vote for the instauration of a new government.
On January 16/1991, when the deadline expired, US started to move troops towars Kuwait City.
On January 24/1991, US troops reached the capital and fought the Iraq forces in there.
Three days later, Hussein retreated its troops and started to set on fire the oil wells, but some stayed in the city.
The War is Over
On February 25/1991 Iraq declares that it will withdraw according to UN Security Council resolution 660.
February 26: Iraqi troops leave Kuwait City.
February 27: All Iraqi troops are out of Kuwait.
February 28, After Iraq ceases fighting, the allied forces end their fighting, and a ceasefire takes place.
March 3: Provisional truce is accepted by Iraqi representatives.
April 6: Permanent cease fire. Iraq agrees to pay for damages in Kuwait, to destroy its chemical and biological weapons, as well as weapons of mass destruction.
Consequences US and UN gained prestige and became more important.
Iraq had imposed an embargo and had to pay an compensation to Kuwait.
Destruction in Iraqi's transports, communications and industries.
Saddam Hussein stayed as Iraq's President and his government got stronger.
Kuwait's Monarchy was restored.
Was born on June 12, 1924.
Was the 41st President of the United States (1989-1993).
He was also Ronald Reagan's Vice President (1981-1989), a congressman, an ambassador, and Director of Central Intelligence.
George Herbert Walker Bush Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti was born on 28 April 1937, died executed on December 30 2006.
Was the President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.
Was known for being a progressive and effective politician.
Saddam Hussein Norman Schwarzkopf Also known as "Stormin' Norman" and "The Bear", was born on August 22, 1934.
Served in Vietnam.
Lead all the coalition troops to victory in the Gulf War.