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Middle Ages Rise and Fall
Transcript of Middle Ages Rise and Fall
What are the
AKA: Medieval Europe
Age of Transition
Age of Transition? What?
What do you think was going on
during this time???
First contact with
in the 200's
First King = CLOVIS
Supported by the Church
Pepin II : Ruled 687-714
Charles Martel: Defeated
the Moors, stopped spread if Islam
Pepin III: Pope confirms ruler
Charlemagne: Greatest of Frankish
France is named for
Open your book to
pg. 29 section on
The Age of Charlemagne
Governed regions on
behalf of the King
aka: "Lord's Messengers"
Checked on Counts, investigated issues, checked laws, etc.
Given the GREATEST IMPORTANCE!
Not officially educated
WHAT WOULD CAUSE THE FRANKISH EMPIRE
CAUSES FOR DECLINE...
DEATH of Charlemagne
Treaty of Verdun signed in 873... did NOT UNITE!
Fighting between successors
Invasions from the Magyars, Muslims from Africa, &VIKINGS
Most Feared Invaders
Norway, Sweden, Denmark
Belief system based on
pagan gods and myths
Democratic for the time
Spring Time = Time for Invasions
Traveled by sea & river
Raided, Looted, Captured
Slaves... very CRUEL
How does a church work?
Who runs the church?
Church was organized in a strictly
Who was at the bottom???
Lowest Rank in Church--- Very IMPORTANT--- Administers
5 of 7 SACRAMENTS
Annointing the sick
- Confirmation- Taking holy orders
Managed a group of parishes--- Managed Church
property--- Appointed parish priests
Had same power as bishop--- Controlled groups
Highest rank of Clergy--- Advised Pope
on legal and spiritual matters
Supreme authority over
OTHERS IN THE CHURCH
Withdraw from world
Serve God by:
OPEN YOUR BOOK TO PAGE 42
TO THE SECTION ON
The Church Power Grows
Excommunication vs Interdiction
Use Chapter 7 & 8....
You are a medieval European. After comparing the
Church to the King; who would you fear most?
POPES vs. KINGS
POPE GREGORY VII
Goal: Bring increased power
Church = SUPREME spiritual
& temporal power (on Earth)
ALL are subject to
will of church and pope
Came to power @ 5 yrs old
Good friends with
Pope Gregory VII... At first
WHY FIGHT THE POPE????
PROBLEM... LAY INVESTITURE
** Kings can appoint bishops to churches too**
Henry IV wants
to appoint bishops
to the German
Pope Gregory IV
Releasing king's subjects from his loyalty
Pushes for a new ruler
Walked up the Northern Italian Mts
What did the POPE do???
RESULT OF FIGHT...
Emperor appoint bishops
grant secular powers
POPE INNOCENT III
Emperors and Kings
= servants to Popes
Believed he was a
political & spiritual
leader over ALL
King John had to
become his VASSAL
and pay annual tithe
to Rome to avoid
Argued with the Pope... was excommunicated and faced interdiction...
WHAT WERE THE RESULTS
OF THE CRUSADES???
Major result... TRADE REVIVAL
HOW DO YOU REVIVE TRADE?
What do you
this map and
the map on
Trade Goods and Markets
Increased desire for Exotic goods
Villages hold weekly markets/fairs
Barter economy- exchange of goods of services for other goods/service without using $$$$
What about these photos are similar to present day markets?
Revival in Trade led to 3 important business developments
Domestic system= manufacturing in homes not shops, then sold to highest bidder
First banks came from MONEY CHANGERS
Investing (CAPITAL: wealth that is earned, saved, & invested to turn a profit)
Land, labor, & capital are controlled
by individual persons
In groups of 4, create a product that the most people in our Medieval market would buy.
Your group must have a visual representation & verbal explanation of your product
You must set a specific price (barter or money economy)
ALL PRODUCTS MUST BE relevant to the MIDDLE AGES!!!!!!!!!
Most creative product and effective advertising WINS!
How does trade affect population???
New Life for serfs
Migration to foreign places
Growth of Cities!!!!
Trade is important to Population
In 1347 if you wanted to decimate 1/3 of
the world population ...
HOW WOULD YOU DO IT?
Black Plague or BLACK DEATH
Originated in China, spread through
) on rats and their fleas!
What do you see?
What do you see?
What do you hear?
What do you smell?
What would you feel if you were
Symptoms of Bubonic Plague
Buboes in the groin, armpits, neck-- swelling pustules, bleeds when opened.
Freckle spots and rashes... "Ring around the rosey..."
Why did people loose faith in the church at this time?
Bubonic Plague Review
Meanwhile everyone is dieing, there are changes happening in Europe!
Changes in Late
Language & Literature
Wars and Growth of Nations
100 YEARS' WAR
ENGLAND DURING THE WAR
King Edward III
attacked France in
Won many battles,
LOST the war
Advanced in weaponry
Loss of life & land
Parliament gains power... House of Commons
King needs approval to pass taxes!
WAR of the ROSES
The Fight for the English Throne
House of Lancaster
House of York
King Richard III
War lasted 116 years
France vs England
Fights over the French Throne
Suffered the most
Fight for the Throne
House of Burgundy
House of Orleans
Charles VII becomes king...
JOAN of ARC
KING LOUIS XI of FRANCE
Very strong king
Harsh, efficient government
OPEN YOUR BOOK TO PAGE 338
Section on SPAIN
Feudalism & the Manorial System
Powerful Noble grants land to a lesser noble
grants land [
] to a
Vassal can use the fief to maintain himself but does NOT own the land
Vassal can divide the land up and give it to knights, etc.
= contract of protection and loyalty to lord
: Trial by battle, Oath taking, Trial by ordeal
= large farming communities located near water source and a village
Produced everything they needed [
Lord lived on manor with several peasant families
of land and peasants took
Peasants had to give back crops and taxes to lord
3 fields, 2 used at one time
[peasants] could not leave without permission from lord
BASIC DETAILS ABOUT THE CRUSADES
1096-early 1300s- Crusades-Christian vs Muslim battle for land in the Middle East
Opened trade, expanded economies, increased power of the monarchs
Legacy of religious hatred
Pages 84-85... WHY DOES THE CHURCH SPLIT?
A New Emperor...
Revival of Learning
Use Pg 30 to fill in the MAIN IDEAS
What kind of
were Noblewomen of the
How do we get ROMANCE out of CHIVALRY?
Hint: PAGE 36
Times are Changing...
technology gets better
- [iron plows instead of wood]- new harnesses for animals
Trade routes expand
- Hanseatic League- desired exotic goods
Revival of Trade
- Merchants settle near towns due to weather creating cities!!!
were created- outlines of a towns rights or privileges [
- $ for investment
and modern business
are created... why?
... Jewish stereotype history... PAGE 49
Middle Class & City Life
- merchants, traders, artisans
are formed to protect workers & their occupations
-Guild Members-Guild Masters- Journeymen
Cities surrounded by high walls
Cities were grossly
Magna Carta [page 60]
Had limited power compared to the pope
Nobles set out to obtain more land
Built strong armies
Created a tax system
William the Conqueror
Duke of Normandy [France @age 7]
Battle of Hastings Christmas Day 1066
Give fiefs to the Church
Creates the "
"- no one can escape... tax collection!
1. What were the Crusades?
: _________ year(s)
: ________ years(s)
: ________ Years(s)
4 MAJOR RESULTS
of the Crusades.
4. How did
Ferdinand and Isabella
impact Spain? Exactly what did they do?
USE PAGES 69-74 TO ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS