Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Middle Ages Rise and Fall

Chapter 7, 8, 12
by

Jillian Kistler

on 19 September 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Middle Ages Rise and Fall

MIDDLE AGES RISE & FALL
What are the
MIDDLE AGES
?
MIDDLE AGES
Time: 400's-1500
AKA: Medieval Europe
or
Age of Transition
Age of Transition? What?

What do you think was going on
during this time???
FRANKS
Germanic Peoples
First contact with
Roman Empire
in the 200's
First King = CLOVIS
Supported by the Church
Conquered GAUL
Pepin II : Ruled 687-714
Charles Martel: Defeated
the Moors, stopped spread if Islam
Pepin III: Pope confirms ruler
Charlemagne: Greatest of Frankish
Kings!!!
France is named for
the Franks
Open your book to
pg. 29 section on
The Age of Charlemagne
Who was
C
H
A
R
L
E
M
A
N
G
E
CHARLEMANGE'S Government
COUNTS
Governed regions on
behalf of the King
missi dominici
aka: "Lord's Messengers"
Checked on Counts, investigated issues, checked laws, etc.
Given the GREATEST IMPORTANCE!
Not officially educated
Started schools
Course work
Grammar
Rhetoric
Logic
Mathematics
Music
Astronomy
Produced readable
BIBLE
WHAT WOULD CAUSE THE FRANKISH EMPIRE
TO DECLINE????
CAUSES FOR DECLINE...
DEATH of Charlemagne
Treaty of Verdun signed in 873... did NOT UNITE!
Fighting between successors
Invasions from the Magyars, Muslims from Africa, &VIKINGS
Most Feared Invaders
Norway, Sweden, Denmark
Belief system based on
pagan gods and myths
Democratic for the time
Spring Time = Time for Invasions
Traveled by sea & river
Raided, Looted, Captured
Slaves... very CRUEL
Iceland, Greenland,
North America
THE
CHURCH
How does a church work?

Who runs the church?
CHURCH HIERARCHY
Church was organized in a strictly
ranked system.


Who was at the bottom???
PARISH PRIEST
Lowest Rank in Church--- Very IMPORTANT--- Administers
5 of 7 SACRAMENTS
SACRAMENTS
Baptism
-
Holy Communion
-
Penance
-
Matrimony
Annointing the sick
- Confirmation- Taking holy orders
BISHOP
Managed a group of parishes--- Managed Church
property--- Appointed parish priests
ARCHBISHOP
Had same power as bishop--- Controlled groups
of dioceses
CARDINALS
Highest rank of Clergy--- Advised Pope
on legal and spiritual matters
POPE
Supreme authority over
church
OTHERS IN THE CHURCH
MONKS
NUNS
Withdraw from world
Serve God by:
Fasting
Prayer
self-denial
Inflict EXTREME
physical suffering
St. Benedict
Benedictine Rule
OPEN YOUR BOOK TO PAGE 42
TO THE SECTION ON
The Church Power Grows
...
Canon Law?
Excommunication vs Interdiction
Heretics?
Use Chapter 7 & 8....



You are a medieval European. After comparing the
Church to the King; who would you fear most?
KING
CHURCH
POPES vs. KINGS
POPE GREGORY VII
Goal: Bring increased power
to papacy
Church = SUPREME spiritual
& temporal power (on Earth)
ALL are subject to
will of church and pope
Harsh disciplinarian...
HENRY IV
Came to power @ 5 yrs old
German King
Good friends with
Pope Gregory VII... At first
WHY FIGHT THE POPE????
PROBLEM... LAY INVESTITURE
** Kings can appoint bishops to churches too**
VS
Henry IV wants
to appoint bishops
to the German
Church
Pope Gregory IV
Excommunication
Releasing king's subjects from his loyalty
Pushes for a new ruler
Henry IV
Walked up the Northern Italian Mts
What did the POPE do???
RESULT OF FIGHT...
CONCORDAT of
Emperor appoint bishops
to fiefs
grant secular powers
POPE

appoints bishops
grants spiritual
powers
POPE INNOCENT III
Strongest medieval
POPE
Strengthened the
church--greatly
Emperors and Kings
= servants to Popes
Believed he was a
political & spiritual
leader over ALL
EXTREMELY HARSH
OFTEN used
Excommunication &
Interdiction
King John had to
become his VASSAL
and pay annual tithe
to Rome to avoid
interdiction
Argued with the Pope... was excommunicated and faced interdiction...
WHAT WERE THE RESULTS
OF THE CRUSADES???
Major result... TRADE REVIVAL

HOW DO YOU REVIVE TRADE?
What do you
notice about
this map and
the map on
page 71?
Trade Goods and Markets
Increased desire for Exotic goods
Villages hold weekly markets/fairs
Barter economy- exchange of goods of services for other goods/service without using $$$$
What about these photos are similar to present day markets?
Revival in Trade led to 3 important business developments
MANUFACTURING
Domestic system= manufacturing in homes not shops, then sold to highest bidder
BANKING
First banks came from MONEY CHANGERS
INVESTMENTS
Investing (CAPITAL: wealth that is earned, saved, & invested to turn a profit)
MARKET ECONOMY
Land, labor, & capital are controlled
by individual persons
ACTIVITY DIRECTIONS
In groups of 4, create a product that the most people in our Medieval market would buy.
Your group must have a visual representation & verbal explanation of your product
You must set a specific price (barter or money economy)
ALL PRODUCTS MUST BE relevant to the MIDDLE AGES!!!!!!!!!
Most creative product and effective advertising WINS!
How does trade affect population???
JOBS!!!!!!!!
New Life for serfs
Migration to foreign places
Growth of Cities!!!!
Trade is important to Population
because...
In 1347 if you wanted to decimate 1/3 of
the world population ...

HOW WOULD YOU DO IT?
(
no bombs
)
Black Plague or BLACK DEATH
Originated in China, spread through
(
TRADE
) on rats and their fleas!
What do you see?
What do you see?
What do you hear?
What do you smell?
What would you feel if you were
here?
Symptoms of Bubonic Plague
Buboes in the groin, armpits, neck-- swelling pustules, bleeds when opened.
Acute Fever
Freckle spots and rashes... "Ring around the rosey..."
Vomiting blood
Pneumonia sysmptoms
Why did people loose faith in the church at this time?
Bubonic Plague Review
Meanwhile everyone is dieing, there are changes happening in Europe!
Changes in Late
Middle Ages
Language & Literature
Architecture
Education
MIDDLE AGES
Wars and Growth of Nations
100 YEARS' WAR
1337-1453
ENGLAND DURING THE WAR
King Edward III
attacked France in
1337
Won many battles,
LOST the war
RESULTS:
Advanced in weaponry
Loss of life & land
Parliament gains power... House of Commons
King needs approval to pass taxes!
VS
WAR of the ROSES
The Fight for the English Throne
1455-1485
House of Lancaster
House of York
Henry Tudor
DEFEATS
King Richard III
Basic Information
War lasted 116 years
France vs England
Fights over the French Throne

FRANCE

During

the WAR
Suffered the most
Fight for the Throne

House of Burgundy
against
House of Orleans
Charles VII becomes king...

Thanks to

JOAN of ARC
KING LOUIS XI of FRANCE
Very strong king
Harsh, efficient government
High taxes
United France!!!!!
OPEN YOUR BOOK TO PAGE 338
Section on SPAIN
Feudalism & the Manorial System
Land Transfers
Powerful Noble grants land to a lesser noble
Lord
grants land [
fief
] to a
vassal
Vassal can use the fief to maintain himself but does NOT own the land
Vassal can divide the land up and give it to knights, etc.
Vassal's fief
= contract of protection and loyalty to lord
JUSTICE
: Trial by battle, Oath taking, Trial by ordeal
Manors
= large farming communities located near water source and a village
Produced everything they needed [
self sufficient
]
Lord lived on manor with several peasant families
Lord took
1/3
of land and peasants took
2/3
to work
Peasants had to give back crops and taxes to lord
3 fields, 2 used at one time
Serfs
[peasants] could not leave without permission from lord
BASIC DETAILS ABOUT THE CRUSADES
1096-early 1300s- Crusades-Christian vs Muslim battle for land in the Middle East
Opened trade, expanded economies, increased power of the monarchs
Worldview evolved
Legacy of religious hatred
Pages 84-85... WHY DOES THE CHURCH SPLIT?
A New Emperor...
Unified Empire...
Revival of Learning
Use Pg 30 to fill in the MAIN IDEAS
What kind of
RESTRICTIONS
or
POWER
were Noblewomen of the
Middle Ages
allowed/subjected to?
ON
How do we get ROMANCE out of CHIVALRY?
Hint: PAGE 36
Times are Changing...
Agricultural Revolution
Farming
technology gets better
- [iron plows instead of wood]- new harnesses for animals
Use the
three-field-system

Trade routes expand
- Hanseatic League- desired exotic goods
Revival of Trade
Population increases
- Merchants settle near towns due to weather creating cities!!!
Trade fairs
become popular
Charters
were created- outlines of a towns rights or privileges [
page 47
]
Commercial Revolution
Capital
- $ for investment
Rise of
banking system
and modern business
Partnerships
are created... why?
Using
credit
in trade
Moneylenders
... Jewish stereotype history... PAGE 49
Middle Class & City Life
New
middle class
- merchants, traders, artisans
Guilds
are formed to protect workers & their occupations
Apprentices
-Guild Members-Guild Masters- Journeymen
Neighborhoods
formed...
Cities surrounded by high walls
Cities were grossly
overcrowded- disease!
Magna Carta [page 60]
Due Process
Habeas Corpus
Most Important...
Noble Power
Had limited power compared to the pope
Nobles set out to obtain more land
Built strong armies
Created a tax system
William the Conqueror
Duke of Normandy [France @age 7]
Claims the
English Throne
at the
Battle of Hastings Christmas Day 1066
Give fiefs to the Church
Creates the "
Domesday Book
"- no one can escape... tax collection!
1. What were the Crusades?
2.
First Crusade
: _________ year(s)
Purpose:
Important People:
Slogan:
Result:
SECOND CRUSADE
: ________ years(s)
Purpose:
Important People:
Slogan:
Result:
THIRD CRUSADE
: ________ Years(s)
Purpose:
Important People:
Slogan:
Result:
FOURTH CRUSADE
:
Purpose:
Important People:
Slogan:
Result:
3. Give
4 MAJOR RESULTS
of the Crusades.



4. How did
Ferdinand and Isabella
impact Spain? Exactly what did they do?
USE PAGES 69-74 TO ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS
TRADE ROUTES
PAGE
88
-
89
Full transcript