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Essay Organization: Rhetorical devices in Florence Kelley's speech the the National American Woman Suffrage Association

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Melia Petersen

on 4 March 2013

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Transcript of Essay Organization: Rhetorical devices in Florence Kelley's speech the the National American Woman Suffrage Association

Rhetorical devices in Florence Kelley's speech to the National American Woman Suffrage Association By Melia Petersen Asyndeton Anaphora "The children make our shoes in the shoe factories; they knit our stockings, our knitted underwear in the knitting factories." -lines 66-68 "For the sake of the children, for the Republic in which these children will vote after we're dead..." -lines 92-92 "We do not wish this. We prefer to have our work done by men and women."- lines 78-79 "They are in commerce, in offices, in manufacturing"-lines 16-17 "men increase, women increase, youth increase, boys increase" -10-12 "earning their bread"- lines 2-3 "little beasts of burden" -line 76 "without violating any law of the Commonwealth"- lines
53-54 Metonomy Florence Kelley replaces the word money with bread when explaining what the children have to do in order to survive in the 1900s. By replacing the word with bread, it amplifies that, just to survive, the little girls have to work all night just to make a measly amount of bread. Kelley refers to the children as, "little beasts burden," saying that they were robbed of all the things a children should be given as a child. By calling them beasts of burden, she insinuates that they have the burden of an adult's life on their shoulders. This uses ethos to persuade people to see the struggles that children have to go through to work in that kind of environment. Kelley takes out the and in the sentence to create a hard tone. The lack of conjunction in the asyndeton makes each place that the children are working in just as important as the last. When adding an and in the sentence, it creates a list, without it, the reader or listener takes each in as equally as the last. When Kelley is talking about the strenuous work the children do, she uses an Anaphora to stress what they do for us. She says that they make all that we wear, while we ourselves do nothing. This is effective because she repeats what they are working on, and the highlights that. By addressing the problem of child labor as a national problem that will eventually effect all people after we are gone, Kelley is able to sway the opinions of her audience by making them think of their future children and how this will effect them. This is very effective because it causes the audience to think of the future, and how they can change the current situation. Kelley says that it is not our fault that the children are the ones working for us, she says that we would rather have this work done by men and women, people who are capable of such strenuous work. By not blaming this on the people, it creates an emotional connection to the people because they feel they can understand the pain the children are going through. Kelley uses the word, "Commonwealth," to represent the the factory owners, and the lawmakers of the United States. By calling them the Commonwealth, she portrays them as cruel, heartless, people who care only about the money in a business rather than of the children. When talking about the percentage of workers increasing, Kelley uses a asyndeton to create equality between men and women, and children. During the 1920s everyone in a family was being put to work to provide and survive. This makes the children equal to the parents, which is something that is very unusual. By creating equality, it causes a sense of uneasiness towards how the children are being treated.
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