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(COMPLETED) Pioneer Life in English Canada


Maria Andrea

on 13 April 2015

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Transcript of (COMPLETED) Pioneer Life in English Canada

key characteristics of life in English canada
Pioneer's in ENGLISH Canada
-The earliest settlers who made their homes in the wilderness were known as pioneers.
-A majority of the pioneers in English Canada came from different parts of the world such as France, England, Scotland, Italy, Germany, and other countries.
-One of the main reasons why they came to Upper Canada was to be able to practice their religion freely.

Pioneer Houses
-The first house of a pioneer was usually made out of logs.
-After saw mills were built, people built plank houses.
-The floors were made out of dirt and the tables were made from planks.
-They had benches or stools instead of chairs.
-The most important room in the house is the kitchen because it has the fireplace. And was often the only room in the house.
Log Cabin
Plank House
The cabin was lit with candles and lamp oils.

-The kitchen with its fireplace was probably the most important room in a log cabin. A large stone fireplace in the kitchen was important for heating, lighting and cooking for the household.
-The doors to log cabins were usually built facing the south. This allowed the sun to shine into the cabin during the day.
-There were usually one or two windows to let in light, but the pioneers seldom had glass. A lot of the time greased paper was used to cover the window.
-The settlers didn't have a lot of furniture. They might have a small table, a bed, and a chair or two. A lot of times they would have a chest that they brought with them from their homeland.
-The walls were made of logs or wooden planks, held together with nails. The cracks were filled with strips of cloth, cotton, or paper and glue.
-Plank Houses usually are 2 storey and are larger than log cabins.
It usually has 3-4 rooms with wooden floors.
-The roof was made with cedar shingles, the door was wooden with hinges and the windows were glass.
By Kaitlynn and Andrea
Jobs were split among the family. The men usually do the heavy lifting while women took care of other important tasks such as preparing food and talking care of the children. Here is a chart of the different chores that men and women did.
Older boys and men
-making furniture
-building fences
-cutting down trees
-removing stones
-sheep shearing
-harvesting crops
-digging water well
-barn-raising/house building
-slaughtering livestock
Young boys and Girls
-feeding livestock
-gathering firewood
-feeding chickens
-washing dishes
-setting the table
-gathering greens
older girls and women
-salting meat
-making candles
-drying apples
-preparing/cooking food
-gathering eggs
-carding and spinning wool
-making butter and cheese
-making matresses for beds
-making blankets, quilts and warm woolen clothes
PIoneer food
Pioneers had to be self-sufficient and grew their own food. There were no grocery stores or supermarkets for the pioneers. They provided food for themselves by hunting and trapping animals, fishing, and gathering herbs, roots and berries from forests. The most common way pioneers get their food is by farming. Their foods came from their gardens or farmyards. They grew fruits, vegetables and even raise cows, pigs, chicken or ducks.
Pioneer Clothing
-Pioneers made their own clothes by hand and children were taught how to sew at a young age.
-Most clothing were made out of wool, linen or cotton.
-Pioneer women and girls wore long dresses made of wool.
-They wore long dresses.
-Most pioneer girls would only own about two or three dresses.
-These dresses were typically made from cotton or muslin.

-Most girls wore aprons while working or doing household tasks.
-The aprons covered the dress from the chest area down over the skirt.
-Aprons were necessary because they were easy to clean and kept their dresses mess-free.

Bonnets and shoes
-Girls and women usually wore cotton bonnets to protect their heads and necks from the sun and wind.
-During summer, children usually go barefoot, and one would usually have only 1 pair of shoes because it was costly for the family.
-Women and girls wore narrow, lace-up leather boots.
Shirts and pants
-Shirts were worn losely as well as pants.
-Their pants were made from wool or linen.
-The colors include blue, black, gray, browns, especially beige and tan. The shirts were sometimes stripes or plaids.
suspenders, hats and ties
-Men’s pants were held up by suspenders that were buttoned on the outside of the waistband, and crossed in the back.
-Men’s everyday hats ranged from pilot caps, straw hats, wide brimmed low felt hats, or round crowned hat.
-Ties and vests were usually worn during Sundays or on formal events.
Their ties were usually silky and black.
In conclusion
-Life in Early Canada is fairly different compared to life nowadays. Things were done more traditionally back-then, but this teaches us how the first people settled and how ideas came about.
-In our presentation we have covered about the houses of pioneers, their family chores, their way of providing food for themselves and their clothing. We hope that you have found this interesting and informative.




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