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Copy of Legal Bases of Special Education in the Philippines
Transcript of Copy of Legal Bases of Special Education in the Philippines
Special Education in the Philippines is anchored on the following fundamental legal documents
Articles 356 and 259 of Commonwealth Act No. 3203
"the right of every child to live in an atmosphere conducive to his physical, moral and intellectual development" and the concomitant duty of the government "to promote the full growth of the faculties of every child."
Republic Act No. 3562: "An Act to Promote the Education of the Blind in the Philippines
provided for the formal training of special education teachers of blind children at the Philippine Normal College, the rehabilitation of the Philippine National School for the Blind (PNSB) and the establishment of the Philippine Printing House of the Blind
Republic Act No. 5250: "An Act Establishing a Ten-Year Teacher Training Program for Teachers of Special and Exceptional Children."
provided for the formal training of teachers for deaf, hard-of-hearing, speech handicapped, socially and emotionally disturbed, mentally retarded and mentally gifted and youth at the Philippine Normal College and the University of the Philippines
Section 8, Article XV of the 1973 Constitution of the Philippines
"A complete, adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the goals of national development."
Articles 3 and 74 of the Presidential Decree No. 603 of 1975
"The emotionally disturbed or socially maladjusted child shall be treated with sympathy and understanding and shall be given the education and care required by his particular condition."
"Thus, where needs warrant, there shall be at least special classes in every province, and if possible, special schools for the physically handicapped, the mentally retarded, the emotionally disturbed and the mentally gifted. The private sector shall be given all the necessary inducement and encouragement."
Presidential Decree No. 1509 of 1978
created the National Commission Concerning Disabled Persons (NCCDP)
Education Act of 1982 or Batas Pambansa Bilang 232
"The State shall promote the right of every individual to relevant quality education regardless of sex, age, breed, socioeconomical status, physical and mental condition, social and ethnic origin, political and other affiliations. The State shall therefore promote and maintain equality of access to education as well as enjoyment of the benefits of education by all its citizens."
Section 24 of BP 232:
"Special Education Services"
"the State further recognizes its responsibility to provide, within the context of the formal education system services to meet special needs of certain clientele. These specific types shall be guided by the basic policies of state embodied on General Provisions of this Act which include the education of persons who are physically, mentally, emotionally, socially, culturally different from the so-called 'normal' individuals that they require modification of school practices/services to develop to their maximum capacity."
Batas Pambansa Bilang 344: "An Act to Enhance the Mobility of Disabled Persons."
required cars, buildings, institutions, establishments and public utilities to install facilities and other devices for persons with disabilities
Article XIV, Sections 1 and 2 of the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines
"The State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all."
"The State shall provided adult citizens the disabled and out-of-school youth with training in civics, vocational efficiency and other skills."
Republic Act No. 7277:
Magna Carta for Persons with Disabilities
An Act Providing For The Rehabilitation, Self-Development And Self-Reliance Of Disabled Person And Their Integration Into The Mainstream Of Society And For Other Purposes .
Republic Act No. 9442
An Act Amending Republic Act No. 7277, Otherwise known as the Magna Carta for Persons with Disability as Amended, and For Other Purposes’ Granting Additional Privileges and Incentives and Prohibitions on Verbal, Non-Verbal Ridicule and Vilification Against Persons with Disability.
Persons with disability are part of Philippine society, and thus the State shall give full support to the improvement of their total well being and their integration into the mainstream of society. They have the same rights as other people to take their proper place in society. They should be able to live freely and as independently as possible. This must be the concern of everyone the family, community and all government and non-government organizations. Rights of persons with disability must never be perceived as welfare services. Prohibitions on verbal, non-verbal ridicule and vilification against persons with disability shall always be observed at all times.