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Verbals and Gerunds
Transcript of Verbals and Gerunds
Three kinds of verbals:
the participle (adjective)
the gerund (noun)
the infinitive (noun). Gerund = type of verbal.
A gerund is a noun formed from a verb.
To make a gerund, you add "-ing" to the verb.
Main difference is that a gerund is a noun, while a participle is an adjective. *The Participle *= Extras for clarifications. Participle = type of verbal.
A participle is an adjective formed from a verb.
To make a present participle, you add "-ing" to the verb:
"sing" becomes "singing"
"drink" becomes "drinking"
"walk" becomes "walking" and so on. Second type of participle = past participle.
Other than the endings, it is similar to making a present participle.
Here are some past participles:
the dusted mantlepiece...
a dried apricot...
the sunken ship... Examples: Gerunds: Participles: Reading can be fun if you find the right book.
Making kraft dinner is an easy process.
I like drawing.
Playing 'Apples to Apples' is fun. Past: Present: The thinking man looked out the window.
The falling leaf was a nice green colour.
The running gazelle bounded about like it required no effort at all. The old man's sunken eyes looked sad.
The ruined book lay un-read.
An aged dog slept. Now you write one!! :) Verbals Then pick your theme/sentence idea! Pick your verb you wish to use! Pick which type of verbal you want to do:
Gerund, past participle, or present participle. Add the appropriate ending:
"-ing", "-ed" or differently for irregular verbs. Then, when finished, quickly check with a partner to make sure it's right, or ask us for help! And make your sentence! The whole class will form into three to four groups of teams. Each team will select their first player to go up to the board to play. We will tell you a verb, as well as part of the sentence, and your player will try to put that verb in to the sentence as a proper verbal before the others. You will all take turns at the board, and the people on the sidelines can help their teammates, but must not leave their desks to write on the board. You can only help if your teammate is stuck. The first to do so wins points, and the team with the most points wins. Try to make sure that everyone participates please. Have fun! Group activity: By Emma and Hannah Thanks for watching/listening to our presentation! We hope you learned a thing or two about verbals and gerunds! Wordreference: http://wordreference.com/
The writing centre (University of Ottowa): http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/verbals.html
Wikipedia and wiktionary: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerund
http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/verbal Bibliography: Pop quiz time! Do you remember what you learned? 1. Describe (briefly and in your own words) what a general verbal is.
2. What are three types of verbals? (high fives/bonus marks for those who get all that were mentioned!)
3. Which verbal replaces a noun with a verb?
4. Which verbal replaces an adjective with a present tense verb?
5. Which verbal replaces an adjective with a past tense verb?
6. Which type of participle cannot take any objects unless in a compound verb?
7. Can a verbal replace the verb as well as the noun/adjective?
8. Write an example for a gerund verbal.
9. Write an example for a participle verbal (past or present).
10. What are the main differences between the types of verbals? Verbals! Gerunds! Participles! Here's a quick four minute video for extra studying and learning! (also for extras on infinitives.) More artsy/musical? Here's a short rap/poem for you! Replace your adjectives with verbals
or even past participles.
Present or past,
that's the task.
Remember a participle
has any number of syllables
And is not a gerund,
That's a different errand.
A gerund is a noun,
replaced by a verb.
A participle is an adjective,
replaced by a verb.
-I.N.G. -ing everything-ing!
Verbals to the win!