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Stories of the Prophets: [Story #2: Nuh]
Transcript of Stories of the Prophets: [Story #2: Nuh]
Stories of the Prophets:
#2 Story of Nuh
John Jay MSA: Spring '14
by: Michael 'AbdusSalaam Deonarain
Ibn 'Abbas narrated that the Prophet said:
"There were ten centuries between Adam and Nuh, they all lived according to Islaam." [Bukhari]
Ibn Jarir at-Tabari mentions that Noah was born 126 years after the death of Adam
Nuh was the first messenger sent to mankind
People gradually started to worship idols. The likes of "Wadd, Suwa', Yaghuth, Ya'uq, and Nasr".
Allah said that they said in Surah Nuh: 23
"And said, 'Never leave your gods and never leave Wadd or Suwa' or Yaghuth and Ya'uq and Nasr.'"
How did it begin?
After the pious generations
Nuh's da'wah (call)
He was sent to call the people back to the worship of Allah, without associating any partners with Him.
But the people rejected. Allah describes his call in surah Nuh
"He said, 'O my people, indeed I am to you a clear warner,
[Saying], 'Worship Allah , fear Him and obey me.
Allah will forgive you of your sins and delay you for a specified term. Indeed, the time [set by] Allah , when it comes, will not be delayed, if you only knew.' "
Nuh's call had three stages in this surah:
What is the matter with you, that [you fear not Allâh (His punishment), and] you hope not for reward (from Allâh or you believe not in His Oneness).
While He has created you in (different) stages. See you not how Allâh has created the seven heavens one above another, And has made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp? And Allâh has brought you forth from the (dust of) earth.
Afterwards He will return you into it (the earth), and bring you forth (again on the Day of Resurrection)?
And Allâh has made for you the earth a wide expanse. That you may go about therein in broad roads.
He said, "My Lord, indeed I invited my people [to truth] night and day.
But my invitation increased them not except in flight.
And indeed, every time I invited them that You may forgive them, they put their fingers in their ears, covered themselves with their garments, persisted, and were arrogant with [great] arrogance.
Then I invited them publicly.
Then I announced to them and [also] confided to them secretly
1. Perseverance in his call
And said, 'Ask forgiveness of your Lord. Indeed, He is ever a Perpetual Forgiver.
He will send [rain from] the sky upon you in [continuing] showers
And give you increase in wealth and children, and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers.' "
2. He promised them good if they accepted
3. Reasoning abilities
Ages passed by but Nuh's people still rejected him. Allah said:
"...and he lived among them one thousand years less than fifty..."
[Surah 'Ankabut: 14] Yet even then he had few followers.
When a child was grown up, he was warned by his father that he should never believe in Nuh.
The people were fed up with the call.
"They said: 'O Nuh! You have disputed with us and much have you prolonged the dispute with us, now bring upon us what you threaten us with, if you are of the truthful.'
He said: 'Only Allah will bring it (the punishment) on you, if He will, and then you will escape not.'" [Surah Hud: 32-33]
Events leading to the Flood
Conversation between Nuh and his people and family
We will bear witness to Nuh and his message
In the hadith of Bukhari it was narrated that the Prophet said:
On the Day of Judgement Allah will ask Nuh's people if Nuh delivered His message. They will say "No! No Prophet came to us.' Allah will then ask Nuh, 'Who could bear witness for you?" He will reply, 'Muhammad and his Ummah.'
So we will bear witness that Nuh conveyed the Message."
"When death approached Nuh he gave his last advice to his childeren, and said: 'I am going to tell you may will: I am enjoining upon you two things and forbidding you from two things. I enjoin upon you to keep with the belief that there is no God worthy of worship except Allah. If the seven heacens and seven earths were to be put on one side of the scale, and the word Laa ilaha illallah on the other, the latter will outweigh the former. And I forbid you from Shirk and arrogance/haughtiness" [Ahmad]