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Vocabulary Definition

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莊 文菡

on 28 October 2015

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Transcript of Vocabulary Definition

Vocabulary Definition
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Latin word "imperium"
model minority is a minority group (whether based on ethnicity, race or religion) whose members are most often perceived to achieve a higher degree of socioeconomic success than the population average. This success is typically measured in income, education, low crime rates and high family stability. The term is highly controversial, for it is sometimes used to suggest there is no need for government action to reduce discrimination.
7. model minority
American Imperialism
fissure or crack
an offensive word towards the chinese
racist term
組員:張愛眉 莊文菡 陳欣彤 陳儀璟 馮瑩欣
指老教授:吳佳琪 教授
Imperialism is a type of advocacy of empire.
It means" the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies"
American imperialism is a term that refers to the economic, military, and cultural influence of the United States internationally.
1898 Spanish-American War
Cuba 、Puerto Rico 、Philippines
monopolize capitalism
take Philippines for example
A district of a large non-Chinese town or port in which the population is predominantly of Chinese origin.
A district of a large non-Chinese town or port in which the population is predominantly of Chinese origin.
Emigration in the 1860s
1850s to the 1900s The Chinatown in San Francisco
1849 Gold Rush
1882 Chinese Exclusion
1943 Abolish the Chinese Exclusion
state or condition of being multicultural
different cultures or cultural identities
a state or nation
The doctrine that several different cultures can coexist peacefully and equitably in a single country
It became a significant force in American society in the1970s and 1980s
a chink in someone's armour
A weak point in someone’s character or arguments which makes them vulnerable to attack
1900-05; earlier Chinkie apparently alteration of China, Chinese by association with chink.
from the stereotypical Western image of Chinese asnarrow-eyed
Iron Chink
5.Kung fu
Kungfu or Gung fu/Gongfu is a Chinese term referring to any study, learning, or practice that requires patience, energy, and time to complete, often used in the West to refer to Chinese martial arts.[1] It is only in the late twentieth century, that this term was used in relation to Chinese martial arts by the Chinese community.[2]The Oxford English Dictionary defines the term "kung-fu" as "a primarily unarmed Chinese martial art resembling karate."[3] This illustrates how the meaning of this term has been changed in English. The origin of this change can be attributed to the misunderstanding or mistranslation of the term through movie subtitles or dubbing.[2]
In its original meaning, kung fu can refer to any skill achieved through hard work and practice, not necessarily martial arts. The Chinese literal equivalent of "Chinese martial art" would be 中國武術 zhōngguó wǔshù.[4]
In Chinese, gōngfu (功夫) is a compound of two words, combining 功 (gōng) meaning "work", "achievement", or "merit", and 夫(fū) which is alternately treated as being a word for "man" or as a particle or nominal suffix with diverse meanings (the same character is used to write both). A literal rendering of the first interpretation would be "achievement of man", while the second is often described as "work and time/effort". Its connotation is that of an accomplishment arrived at by great effort of time and energy. In Mandarin, when two "first tone" words such as gōng and fū are combined, the second word often takes a neutral tone, in this case forming gōngfu. The word is also sometimes written as 工夫, this version often being used for more general, non-martial arts usages of the term.[5]
Originally, to practice kung fu did not just mean to practice Chinese martial arts.[6] Instead, it referred to the process of one's training - the strengthening of the body and the mind, the learning and the perfection of one's skills - rather than to what was being trained. It refers to excellence achieved through long practice in any endeavor.[5] This meaning can be traced to classical writings, especially those of Neo-Confucianism, which emphasize the importance of effort in education.[7]
In the colloquial, one can say that a person's kung fu is good in cooking, or that someone has kung fu in calligraphy; saying that a person possesses kung fu in an area implies skill in that area, which they have worked hard to develop. The colloquial use of the term has thus returned to the original literal meaning. Someone with "bad kung fu" simply has not put enough time and effort into training, or seems to lack the motivation to do so. Kung fu is also a name used for the elaborate Fujian tea ceremony (kung fu cha).
However, the phrase 功夫武術 (kung fu wu shu) does exist in Chinese and could be (loosely) translated as 'the skills of the martial arts'.
6.Asian Americans
Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent.
The U.S. Census Bureau definition of Asians refers to a person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.
It includes people who indicated their race(s) as "Asian" or reported entries such as "Indian", "Chinese", "Filipino", "Korean", "Japanese", "Vietnamese", and "Other Asian" or provided other detailed Asian responses.

In the United States, the term was invented to describe Japanese-Americans, although it has evolved to become associated with American Jews and Asian Americans,but more specifically with East Asians (Chinese, Japanese, and Korean)and the South Asian community.

In January 1966, the term "model minority" was coined in The New York Times magazine by sociologist William Petersen to describe Asian Americans as ethnic minorities who, despite marginalization, have achieved success in the United States.

However, in the 1970s and 1980s, many scholars challenged the model minority stereotype.They disagrees with how the media is portraying Asian Americans. He explains the sociohistorical background and the contemporary social system, and how the Model Minority stereotype is myth.

A few years after the article on Asian Americans being the model minority was published, Asian Americans formed their own movement that fought for their own equal rights and resolution of their own specific social issues, modeling it after the Civil Rights Movement thus effectively challenging White America and the social construct of racial discrimination.
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