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ICT Policy of BD

by

Shuhan Syeed

on 11 May 2016

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Transcript of ICT Policy of BD

ICT POLICY
of Bangladesh:
content analysis
1
2
8
INTRODUCTION
The unified communication and the integration of telecommunications, computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audio-visual systems, which enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information Technology.
// What is information and Communication Technology?
Importance of ICT
• ICT sector plays an important role, notably by contributing to rapid technological progress and productivity growth.

• ICT sectors determine the productivity level on which economic competitiveness depends.
Purpose, Scope, Uses & Challenges
ELITE MODEL
//Exposition of ICT policy of Bangladesh: Through “Elite Model”
ICT Policy
in Bangladesh

ICT
POLICY

// Bangladesh has adopted four ICT policies so far.
ICT POLICY
ICT ACT
NATIONAL ICT POLICY
Department of
Political Science
Group- 08
Presented by:
Jannatul Ferdous Mitu
• In economy an important issue is generation, using and dissemination of knowledge. ICT sector plays a vital role on this regard.

• ICT has played a huge role in increasing working speed, efficiency of work and lessened communication cost.

• The art of decision making has become easier with the help of ICT.

• ICT has increased the ability to compete.
Purpose & Scope
Uses
Challenges
The use of information and communication technology is wide ranging. It is prevasive in every sphere of human life. ICT has major contribution in various sectors of economics. In business, it has created new dimension with E-commerce, E-marketing etc. In tourism and banking sector ICT has contributed broadly.
• Inadequate communications and power infrastructure
• Shortage of ICT facilities and ICT skills
• Inadequate institutional arrangements
• Limited financial resources
• Inadequate public private partnership
• Limited data management capacity
• Inadequate horizontal and vertical communication
ICT has been a pioneer and powerful catalyst in addressing the need of various sectors.
Information and communication technology (ICT) is often used as an extended synonym for information technology (IT).
• ICT policy is headed by the honorable Prime Minister.
• The declaration was mode in December 29, 2008.
Emergence of Digital Bangladesh
// Digital Bangladesh by 2021 emerged as part of charter for change
Its have some key factors:

a. Digital Government
b. ICT in business
c. Connecting citizen
d. Human resource Development
Objective of ICT Policy
in Bangladesh
Develop on efficient ICT infrastructure
Promote and facilitate use of ICT in all sector of economy for transparency
Establish legislative and regulatory frame work for ICT issue
Set up national data based that are reliable and easily accessible to all the people
Promote the use of ICT by providing social allocation
Develop a large pool of world class ICT to meet the needs of local and global markets
Set up a very high quality ICT institution
Enact laws and regulation for uninterrupted growth of ICT.
Emergence of
Digital Bangladesh
Objective of ICT Policy
in Bangladesh
ICT AMMENDMENT
ICT POLICY (Draft)
2015:
2013:
2009:
2006:
2002:
ICT POLICY
2002
Vision
Objectives
Statements
Vision
This policy aims at building an ICT driven nation compressing of knowledge based society by the year 2006. In view of this a country ICT entrastruchire will be developed to ensure access to information by every citizen to facilitate empowerment of people and enhance democratic values and norms for sustainable economic development.
Objectives
In order to grove a thrust to the ICT sector.
Provide effects incentives for development
Promote and facilitate use of ICT in all sectors of the economy for transparency.
Establish regulative and regulatory tramwork for ICT issues.
Set up national databases
Develop a large class of pool ICT professionals
Enact laws and regulation for uninterrupted of ICT.
Statements
Training and human resources development
ICT enfranstuse
Research and development an ICT
ICT industry
E-commerce
E-governance
Social welfare
Transport and tourism
Judiciary
Regional and international cooperation
ICT ACT
2006
Preliminary
Digital signature and election records
Attribution, acknowledgement and death of elections records
Secure election records and signature
Controller and certifying authorities
Duties and subs arbiters
Breaching rules, prevention penal tiles etc.
Affiances, investigation, adjudication patties etc.
Mesullancous
National ICT policy
2009
Information and communication Technology (ICT) in considered as the mast effective constituent for the development of a nation.
Digital Bangladesh by 2021 emerged as part of charter for change the election manifesto of Bangladesh awami league for the 9th parlimenentary election.
Bangladesh Government formulated “National ICT policy 2009” to make digital Bangladesh.
Policy Features
‘National ICT policy review committee’ was formed by the Ministry of Science and ICT in 2009
The policy document is structured as a hierarchical pyramid with a single vision, 10 broad objectives, 56 strategic themes and 306 action items.
Action items are categorized into: short term (18 months or less), medium term (5 years or less) or long term (10 years or less)
Action items are categorized into: short term (18 months or less), medium term (5 yeas or less) or long term (10 years or less)
Ownership is assigned multiple stakeholders as mentioned in policy.
Implementation is coordinated and monitored by ICT.
Strategic themes to be reviewed in three year, whole policy to be reviewed in 6 years with adjusting long term goals.
National ICT policy
2009
Leadership Element
Originated from the election manifesto of ruling political power.
Prime Minister was the promoter of the vision and policy.
It was prioritized and integrated with other development programme.
Prime Minister formed Digital Bangladesh task force for ensuring Institutional leadership aiming at digital Bangladesh.
Prime Ministers’ office took the lead to coordinate through A21 programme.
Vision of the Policy
Expand and diversify the use of ICTs
To establish a transparent, responsive and accountable government;
Develop skilled human resources;
Enhance social equity;
Ensure cost-effective delivery of citizen services through public-private partnership;
Support the national goal of becoming a middle income country within 2021 and
Join the ranks of the developed countries of the world within thirty years.
Objectives
• Social Equity
• Productivity
• Integrity
• Education and research
• Employment generation
• Strengthening exports
• Health care
• Universal access
• Environment, climate and disaster management
• Supports to ICTs

Implementation updates
Most of the short term goals have been achieved (80%)
More than 50% of the mid-term goals have been achieved
The policy has been revised in 2013
Implementation agencies and targets have been adjusted with practical experience
The best review framework for policy implementation so far for Bangladesh.
ICT (amendment) Act
2013
57
The ICT (amendment) Act, 2013 is an ordinance proposed to empower law enforces to arrest any person without warrant and increased the highest punishment to 14 years from minimum 7 years under the section 57.
According to the section 57 of the ordinance-
“It any person deliberately publishes any material in electronic form that eques’s to deteriorate law and order, prejudice the image of the state or person or eauses to to hart religious belief the attender will be punished for maximum 14 years and minimum 7 years imprisonment it also suggest that the crime in non-boilable”
CRITICISM
 Unconstitutional and illegal:
Advocate Mohammad

 Assault on free Expression:
The ICT says
 Against the sector concept of state:
Dr. Shahdeen Malik
 Attack on the rule of law and human right:
Sam Zarifi, ICT asia director

 Violation of the international law:
Sam Zarif
 Neglect democratic practices:
Journalist Monjural Ahsan

ICT POLICY
2015
ICT policy 2015 was drafted on Feb 2015
It was published on August 5, 2015
The policy was 10 objective, 54 strategic theme & 235 action plans. with short medium, long term timeframe.
The policy is divided into 6 parts:-
Preamble
Ownership & Monitoring
VISION
OBJECTIVE
STRATEGIC THEME
ACTION PLAN
From the year 2009-2015 the uses of mobile have increased from 52.4 million 125.9 million Establishment of ‘Digital center’ in 5275 unions, wards & pourosovas. BD is market as one of the top 30 most promising outsourcing places according to Gartner.
The policy will be monitored and ordinated by the ICT minister

BD computer council will implement the policy.

To turn Bangladesh into a medium income country within 2021 and a developed country within 2041 through the development of ICT sector.
a. Social equity
b. Integrity
c. Universal access
d. Education & research
e. Employment generation
f. Strengthening exports
g. Supports to ITCs
h. Health care
i. Environment, climate & disaster management
j. Productivity
10 objectives of the policy of:-
5 Strategic themes
based on objectives
Strategic theory:
providing mainstream opportunities to low income disable and back warded people.
Action plan:
Establishing-
a. Private community e-center
b. Easy accessible internet
c. e-citizen
Action planner:
ICT sector
(2016)
Short term period: At least
20%
of rural people of every city & subdistricts
(2018)
Mid Term Period:
75%
of the total population
(2021)
Long term period :
100%
of the total population
Both in Political science and sociology elite theory of the state which seek to describe and explain the power relationships in contemporary society. Through positions in corporations or on corporate broads and influence over the policy planning networks through financial support or positions with tanks or policy discussion groups members of the elite are able to exert significant power over any policy making or act processing.
EVALUATION
DIMENSION
STAKEHOLDERS
STRUCTURAL VIEW
As the financial barriers to ICTs is much lower than many other modern Technologies, Banglade4sh as a country must embrace ICT as a matter at policy and set an aggressive strategy to make up for the current tag in spite of so many other bindings from different groups leading the countries national politics, economics, society and so on.
Information and Communication Technology Act has been formulated for the many times as the term of different amendments of the initial policy of 2002. For making it timely effective the various elite groups formulated different goals aspects regarding these acts.
1. Prime minister office
2. ICT taskforces or different times along with several ministries, NGO’s and ICT related private sector.
3. Ministry of science and ICT
4. Ministry of Post and Telecommunication
5. E-governance policy stake holder like ministry of education, ministry of planning. Bangladesh Telecommunication regulatory commission (BTRC) licensing authority.
6. Bangladesh computer council (BCC) etc.
1. Dominance of Elite over ICT Policy
2. Cost benefit effect of elite approach
3. Implementing the goal of elite
4. Outcomes from the cost benefit effect

IMPACT
CRITICISM
RECOMMENDATION
EVALUATION
Criticism of national ICT policy of Bangladesh
1. Net connection is not proper and balanced
2. Rural Areas are not covered fully
3. Online license system
4. Bandwidth crisis
5. Problem of implimentation
6. Budget allocation is limited
Positive
Negetive
- Digital Bangladesh : An efficient step
- Access to Information
- Online facilities
- E-commerce
- E-citizen services
- Approach is linear and techno deterministic
- ICT literacy, skills attitudes of the people is not sufficient
- Appropriate design and effective monitoring are out of consideration
Evaluation of National ICT policy
An ICT policy should be flexible, comprehensive and locally appropriate
1. All ministries, Divisions, Agencies of government and autonomous organizations shall set-up web sites where all policy document’s and information relevant to the public shall be posted as early as possible and regularly updated.
2. ICT act should be enacted immediately to protect and protest cyber crimes
3. Preference should be given to ICT expert and literate candidates for the purpose of recruitment in public offices.
4. BTTB should co operate with private licensed.
5. The internet facility should be expanded to all district and upzila, union level.
6. Internet will be provided to the educational institutions and libraries over the country.
7. To improve the quality of present telecommunication services. Such as Analog telephone switches and transmission link of the existing telephone network will be replaced by digital switches and digital transmission.
8. ICT related research would be expanded and applied research contribute to the improvement of quality and efficiency of the application to our ICT industry.
9. In order to establish direct connectivity with international information and communication backbone Bangladesh should join Fiber optic submarine cable network more effectively before.
10. The use of ICT service must be ensured little cost.
RECOMMENDATION:
Course-905
Presentation on
Group-08
Positive
Negetive
1. Access to information
2. Improve access to education
3. New tools, new opportunities
4. Impact on Education
5. Faster communication speed
6. Lower communication cost
7. Paperless environment
8. Effective sharing of Information
9. Borderless communication
1. Job loss
2. Reduced personal interaction
3. Reduced physical activity
4. Security problem
5. Social problem
6. Health problem
7. Cost
8. Mobiles are demanded as dowries
9. Dangers of Password sharing
Positive & Negetive Impact of ICT policy
MODEL OF
ICREMENTALISM

2002
2006
2009
2013
ICT policy
ICT policy
ICT policy
ICT policy (Amendment)
Addendum
Modification
Expurgation
Expansion
Addendum
Modification
Expurgation
Expansion
Addendum
Modification
Expurgation
Expansion
Addendum
Modification
Expurgation
Expansion
Non-Elite
Elite
Have no representation (mass)
Decision makers (Elite)
Large in number
Small in number
Power Elite
Exposition of problems
Representaion
Budget and advocacy
Agenda setting
As stakeholders
Policy formulation
Legitimization
Implementaion
Reaching to Goal
CONCLUSION
• Information & Communication Technology (ICT) in Bangladesh has become a common phenomenon in recent years.
• In the late 1990s, various technologies have been applied to support the unique characteristics of Bangladesh. (Computers mobile phone, land phone, internet).
• ICT services indicators are an indispensable resource for the economic development of any country.
• It goes without saying that impact of ICT services on economic progress is fast spreading across the boundaries of social and political arrangements of societies.

CRITICISM
&
RECOMMENDATION

Passage of Time
Passage of ICT Policy
Full transcript