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Transcript of Poetry Terms
A metrical unit composed of stressed and unstressed syllables. Foot Enjambment
Poetry without a regular pattern of meter, rhyme, line length, or stanza arrangement Free verse
A figure of speech involving exaggeration. John Donne uses hyperbole in his poem: "Song: Go and Catch a Falling Star." Hyperbole Meter The measured pattern of
rhythmic accents in poems. A poem that tells a story Narrative poem The use of words to imitate the sounds they describe. Words such as buzz and crack are onomatopoetic. Onomatopoeia Giving inanimate (non-living) objects or
abstract concepts with animate or living
An example: "The yellow leaves flaunted
their color gaily in the breeze."
Wordsworth's "I wandered lonely
as a cloud"
includes personification. Personification Quatrain A four-line stanza in a poem The matching of final vowel or consonant sounds in two or more words. Rhyme The recurrence of accent or stress in lines of verse. Rhythm Sonnet A fourteen-line poem in iambic pentameter. A figure of speech in which a writer or speaker says less than what he or she means; the opposite of exaggeration. Understatement Paradox an apparent contradiction. ("He who would save his life must lose it" or "The child is father of the man.")
rhyme occurs within lines.
("Each narrow cell in which we dwell.") End rhyme Internal rhyme the rhyming words occur at the ends of the lines. LINE COUPLET A pair of rhymed lines that may or may not constitute a separate stanza in a poem. basic unit of poetry; a word or a row of words Poem Parts Stanza A group lines forming a unit in a poem; similar to a paragraph iamb(ic)
pentameter a poetic meter in which each line is composed of five feet (pentameter), with each foot (iamb) consisting of one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable.
da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM Example
But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks?
It is the east, and Juliet is the sun. Rhyme Scheme The pattern of rhyme formed by the end rhyme in a stanza or poem.
A different letter of the alphabet is assigned to each new rhyme. Blank Verse Poetry or lines of dramatic verse written
in unrhymed iambic pentameter;
imitates spoken language.
Most of Shakespeare's characters
speak in blank verse Scansion The analysis of the meter of a line of verse; noting the stressed and unstressed syllables and dividing the line into feet My love is as a fever, longing still a
For that which longer nurseth the disease, b
Feeding on that which doth preserve the ill, a
Th' uncertain sickly appetite to please. b Rhyme Scheme
Example TYPES OF POEMS A lyric poem of 14 lines, typically written in iambic pentameter and usually following strict patterns of stanza divisions and rhymes SONNET Poetry that expresses strong personal feelings about an object, person, or event; usually short and musical. LYRIC POEM A serious poem mourning a death or another great loss. ELEGY HAIKU A traditional Japanese form of poetry that has 3 lines and 17 syllables LIMERICK