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Social Anxiety and Negative Consequences: Protective Behavioral Strategies

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Alexis Sago

on 7 May 2015

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Transcript of Social Anxiety and Negative Consequences: Protective Behavioral Strategies

Social Anxiety and Negative Consequences: Protective Behavioral Strategies
Alexis Sago
Key Terms
Social anxiety (SA)
, is an overwhelming discomfort in the presence of social situations.
Alcohol- related negative consequences (ARNC)
Missing multiple classes
Following behind
Poor academic performance
Waking up and not remembering where you are
Protective behavioral strategies (PBS)
limiting the amount of drinks
Having a designated driver
Past Research
College students that deal with anxiety filled situations are susceptible to the use of alcohol as a way of coping (Terlecki, Ecker & Buckner, 2014). In addition, College students with SA often experience more negative consequences than those without SA, resulting from their drinking behavior. However, they report similar levels of alcohol consumption (Villarosa, Madson, Zeigler-Hill, Noble & Mohn, 2014).

I aim to examine the level in which
effects the complex relationship between
. In addition to, answering whether socially anxious college students use less
than others.
I predict that because students with SA tend to have more ARNC, they will also tend to use fewer PBS
1. Participants will log on to a secure website
2. Provide mailing information
3. Participants will complete questionnaires (listed in the measures section)

Studying undergraduates enrolled in psychology
Selecting from 4-year universities all over the country, both public and private
Randomly select 100 schools
500 to 1,000 participants
Participants will receive $50
Participants between traditional college ages of 18 and 25.
Both female and male of any ethnicity
In the case of the questionnaires being self-reported, all data will be anonymous.
Surveys can be completed in one sitting
Study will run for a couple of months
Social anxiety symptoms,
measured by Mattick and Clarke's (1998) Social Interaction Anxiety Scale
Scale of 0 to 4
20 items
Participants will be asked to express to what extent does each statement apply to them
Amount of alcohol consumed,
measured using the Daily Drinking Questionnaire (Collins, Parks, & Marlatt, 1985)
Participants will indicated the presumed amount of alcohol consumed. Participants indicated the number of alcoholic beverages they drank each day of a typical week during the past 30 days.
Negative consequences of drinking,

measured using the Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index (Earleywire, LaBrie, & Pedersen, 2008)
Participants rate how often they have experienced a specific negative consequence
Scale ranges from 0 to 4
Protective behavior strategies
measured using the Protective Behavioral Strategies Scale (Martens et al., 2005)
Participants will specify to the extent they take part in specific behaviors
More SA
More SA
Less PBS

Less PBS


American Psychiatric Association. (2013).
Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders
(5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Collins, R. L., Parks, G. A., & Marlatt, G. A. (1985). Social determinants of alcohol
consumption: The effects of social interaction and model status on the self-administration of alcohol.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,
53(2), 189–200.

Earleywine, M., LaBrie, J. W., & Pedersen, E. R. (2008). A brief Rutgers alcohol problem index
with less potential for bias.
Addictive Behaviors,
33(9), 1249–1253.

Martens, M. P., Ferrier, A. G., Sheehy, M. J., Corbett, K., Anderson, D. A., & Simmons, A. (2005). Development of the protective behavioral strategies scale.
Journal of Studies on
66, 698- 705.

Martens, M. P., Ferrier, A. G., & Cimini, M. ( 2007). Do protective behavioral strategies mediate
the relationship between drinking motives and alcohol use in college students.
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs,
68, 106– 114.

Mattick, R. P., & Clarke, J. C. (1998). Development and validation of measures of social phobia
scrutiny fear and social interaction anxiety.
Behaviour Research and Therapy,
36(4), 455–470.

Terlecki M. A., Ecker, A. H., & Buckner, J. D. (2014). College drinking
problems and social anxiety: The importance of drinking context.
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors,
28(2) 545-552.

Villarosa, M. C., Madson M. B., Zeigler-Hill, V., Noble, J. J., & Mohn, R. S. (2014). Social anxiety symptoms and drinking behaviors among college students: The mediating effects of drinking motives.
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors,
28(3), 710 - 718.

Further research on this subject would benefit prevention programs that are often available on college campuses.
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