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Why did Parliament win the civil war?

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by

Megan Goacher

on 29 January 2013

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Transcript of Why did Parliament win the civil war?

Leadership Tactics The Navy and the Scots Battle of Naseby Because of the New Model Army, Parliament had a trained and disciplined army led by war veterans thanks to Self Denying Ordinance. This states that MP's couldn't become army commanders so the army was led by people who knew what they were doing. The Royalists, on the other hand, were led by Prince Rupert who had learnt his trade in the 30 years war and spent much of his time setting fire to towns.
Also, in the New Model Army, anyone could become a senior officer unlike the Cavaliers who were led by aristocrats. Cromwell discovered that if you disciplined the cavalry to charge immediately after the first charge, it would make them much more effective than the Royalists' cavalry.
Also, at the beginning the Battle of Marston Moor, Prince Rupert went for his supper, showing the lack of tactics and leadership on the Royalist side. Due to the Royalist's inferior army and tactics, they lost what ended up being the key battle of the English Civil War. They were so badly defeated there was no way that Charles could recover. Parliament had won. The End Why did Parliament win the Civil War? Money Parliament had better resources and financial support which were then used appropriately by Pym. Also, the Roundheads were in control of some of the wealthiest parts of England; London and East Anglia.
On the Royalist side, the King made a number of strategic failures such as the Battle of Newbury. Parliament controlled the seas, this meant that Charles couldn't receive military support from the continent.
Parliament also got support from the Scots, so had a much larger force than the Royalists,
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