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Paleolithic Era

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by

Christene Stratman

on 19 August 2015

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Transcript of Paleolithic Era

Paleolithic Era
Characteristics of a hunter-gatherer society
Out of Africa
Archeologists believe that modern humans (homo sapiens) originated from what is now Africa and spread out to other areas
Lascaux et Le Chauvet, France
2.6 Million BCE—10,000 BCE
Paleo—Lithic

Greek: "Old Stone"
Prehistoric
Development of Stone Tools
What other problems might these early homo sapiens have faced?
Hint: they are moving from the equator towards the poles
FIRE!!!
When: around 150,000 years ago
Who: Homo Sapiens eventually replaced other species, like homo neanderthalis (Neanderthals)
First Homo Sapiens
Societal Organization
"Man is by nature a social creature" —Aristotle
Kinship Groups
Hunter-gatherers
Early man's "creature" friends...
Let's clarify....
Hominid: refers to a member of the scientific family, hominidae. (humans, gorillas, chimps, and orangutangs )
Humanoid: refers to something that has humanlike features or capabilities
homo
refers to the genus
sapiens
refers to the species name
Little time for specialization
Cave paintings containing from the paleolithic era
First evidences of modern human artistic sensibilities
Guiding Questions
What is the "Out of Africa" theory?
How did Paleolithic man interact with each other? with the environment?
On which kind of evidence do historians primarily rely when researching this period?
What innovations did paleolithic man discover or create?
How do historians & sociologists know these things?
Archeological record
—the body of PHYSICAL evidence about the past
What might archeologists consider "archeological evidence"?
fossilized remains
bones
artifacts (tools, pots, attire)
building remains
garbage
fire pits
17,500 B.C.E
36,000 B.C.E
Le Chauvet
Man's earliest ancestors gradually developed....
Bipedalism
Larger Skulls
Dropped Vocal Box
Ex:
Australopithecus
250 Million Years Ago
Communal existence
Comparatively weak culture
Relatively egalitarian
Full transcript