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Sustainable living at home

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Qiong Wang

on 14 September 2013

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Transcript of Sustainable living at home

USA
Sustainable living at home
Presentation by
Emily Mclellan
Lee Barrile
Brianne Grayling
Qiong Wang

Water conservation
Many governments are introducing permanent rules to encourage sensible water use everyday, to manage water supplies sustainably. When storage levels drop stricter water restrictions are put in place.
Many homes have water tanks and water saving appliances.

Recycling
Australia is one of the countries with the highest waste generation.
Batteries are the most common form of hazardous waste generated by Australian’s.
The most recycled items were paper and cardboard with most houses recycling those items.
Within Australia, 500,000 computers were recycled in the year 2001. (Ewaste, 2012)

Energy efficiency
Australia has energy efficient appliances
Homes are insulated
Solar power is also an option

Food production
Food choices = food miles = carbon foot print
What you can do
1. Have a meat free day each week
2. Purchase fresh, local and seasonal foods
3. Minimise your consumption of processed foods
4. Buy organic and sustainably harvested foods
(benefits of recycling, 2013)



Australia
References
Australia
Ewaste.com.au (2012). Australia’s E-Waste statistics | 1800ewaste. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.ewaste.com.au/ewaste-articles/australia-ewaste-statistics/ [Accessed: 24 Aug 2013].
Benefitsofrecycling.com (2013). Untitled. [online] [Accessed: 24 Aug 2013].
Unknown. (2013). Untitled. [online] Retrieved from: http://LivingGreener-gov.au [Accessed: 20 Aug 2013].
Uq.edu.au (2013). Sustainable Food - Sustainability Website - The University of Queensland, Australia. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.uq.edu.au/sustainability/sustainable-food [Accessed: 5 Sep 2013].(vegetable basket image)
Unknown. (2013). Recycling at home. [image online] Available at: http://www.google.com.au/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=EIhqpzqzgeXAeM&tbnid=UYp5WBjqD64-lM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.sunstainable.com.au%2Fsustainable-living-tips%2F&ei=dAMoUpG4MYyukgXz9oCQAg&psig=AFQjCNHuE7eeCJIA_lCL6abd25kzTI6amQ&ust=1378440405472469 [Accessed: 20 Aug 2013]. (image child recycling at home)
United states
Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2011: US Environmental Protections Agency, May 2013 http://www.epa.gov/osw/nonhaz/municipal/pubs/MSWcharacterization_508_053113_fs.pdf
Kenny, J.F., Barber, N.L., Hutson, S.S., Linsey, K.S., Lovelace, J.K., and Maupin, M.A., 2009, Estimated use of water in the United States in 2005: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1344, p. 52 http://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/1344/
Casey, T. nd. U.S. Water Use Declines Despite 30% Population Increase: Clean Technica. http://cleantechnica.com/2009/11/06/us-water-use-declines-despite-30-population-increase/
Flowers, B., 2004. Domestic Water Conversation, Rainwater and Other Innovations: Pro-Quest http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/water/overview.php
Behren, C. E., Glover, C., 2012. U.S. Energy: Overview and Key Statistics: Congressional Research Service, p. 2. http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R40187.pdf
Bunin, J., 2012. Our Hero: Gary Oppenheimer of AmpleHarvest.org: Ecocentric http://gracelinks.org/blog/684/our-hero-gary-oppenheimer-of-ampleharvestorg
Grace Communication Foundation, 2013. Local and Regional Food Systems: Sustainable Table. http://www.sustainabletable.org/254/local-regional-food-systems
China
Herman K. Trabish D.C. June 2013. China energy plan could focus on energy efficciency and fracking http://theenergycollective.com/hermantrabish/236646/china-s-long-term-energy-plan-could-focus-efficiency-and-fracking
Yini, H., 2013 Food waste hiders China's sustainable development http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/business/2013-06/08/content_16594313.htm
Olivia, B. 2013 China's split personality on water conservation https://www.chinadialogue.net/article/show/single/en/5647-China-s-split-personality-on-water-conservation
Jin, Z., 2012. Water conservation a top priority http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2012-11/19/content_15942702.htm
Youtube video Where does recycled plastic go? To China and back from California academy of sciences 2010
Youtube video China's growing recycling industry from AIJazeera English 2010
Water Conservation
•2005 estimated water consumption was 410 billion gallons per day (Kenny, J.F. et al., 2009, p. 52)
•Despite 30% population increase water consumption has declined (Casey, T. nd.)
•Grey water contributes to 75% of total wastewater flow – hence a big move to encourage recycling grey water
•Personal washing has highest percentage of household use at 33% followed by toilets at 25% (Flowers, B., 2004)

Recycling
•250 million tonnes of waste per year - 87 million tonnes is recycled
•Most common sources of waste include packaging, food waste and grass clippings
•9800 curbside recycling programs nationwide
•Recycling has eliminated Greenhouse Gas emissions totaling more than 20million metric tonnes of carbon dioxide – equivalent of removing 1 million cars from the road
(Environmental Protections Agency, 2013)

Energy Efficiency
•USA combusts 29 million tonnes of waste for energy recovery
•Recycling/composting 87 million tonnes of waste saved more than 1.1 quadrillion Btu of energy – the equivalent of the energy used by 10 millions households a year
•Energy consumption nearly tripled from 1950-2007 then dropped in 2009 due to the recession. The population doubled in this same period
(Behren, C. E. & Glover, C., 2012, p. 2)

Food Production
•There is a move towards buying locally/regionally grown and seasonal produce
•Ample Harvest encourages eliminating food waste by working together as a community to share and donate ‘extra’ food in pantries (Bunin, J., 2012)
•40 million home gardeners across the country – encouragement to only grow what they need to reduce waste
(Grace Communication Foundation, 2013)
Eating fresh vegetables lowers carbon footprint
Recycling
Recycling is big industry in China here are 2 videos show how recycling work in China.

China government announced the latest Five-Year Plan:
In wind: By 2015, they will finish installing 100 gigawatts and connect wind power capacity.
In solar: By 2015, government will install 35 gigawatts of solar.
In energy efficiency: By 2015, government will decrease energy use by 16% than after 2010. They also control total consumption of coal at 4 billion tons.
(Herman K. Trabish, 2013)
In China, the biggest part of urban landfill is food waste.
Food wasted annually in China is valued at more than 200 billion yuan, with an equivalent value of 80 billion kilograms of grains that can feed about 250 million people a year. (Yini, H., 2013)
Chinese restaurant planed "Finish your plate"
Water scarcity is an issue today across India.
Water is a rapidly depleting resource in India due to population increase, rapid urbanization, and a growing GDP, supporting a growing middle class.
www.mowr.gov.in


A new broad based water policy has been adopted in recognition of the need for a paradigm shift in broad based water conservation.
http://www.indiatogether.org/2013/mar/env-water.htm
Water Conservation
Recycling
Recycling in the home in India is very much reflective of the broader political landscape in regards to attitudes toward waste. This has been to date an attitude of 'out of site, out of mind'.
An improved philosophy toward waste management is beginning to emerge and perhaps gathering some momentum, however the tide of current attitudes will take an enormous paradigm shift in order for recycling at all levels, including both domestic and industrial to be transformed.
Recycling as an industry and social need is beginning to emerge.
Urban poor in much of India are engaged in the recycling and recovery of vast amounts of waste including paper, plastic and electronics.
www.unep.org/...Home/EnvironmentandwasteinIndia/
India
Sustainability is a way of life. Sustainable living at home is a way we can work towards protecting our earth. Around the world different and complex methods are used in day to day life to protect the earth for future generations. From simple ideas like sorting garbage separating waste and recyclable items to more complex worm farms or solar energy. Our everyday actions contribute to the out look of the future earth.

Energy efficiency

More than 280 million people across India do not have access to electricity.
Coal is expected to remain the mainstay of power consumption and supply in the immediate future.
http://wbi.worldbank.org/wbi/
India's efforts to improve energy efficiency are slow.
Rapid growth in GDP, poverty, lack of education, and the generational habits of unsustainable living inhibit rapid change.
The good news is that India is broadly developing strategies for energy efficiency which will permeate from the grassroots level through to corporate social responsibility.
india.gov.in/officialwebsite-bureau-energy-efficiency


Please watch this video on recycling in India, where recycling is a grass roots commodity.
Food Production
Sustainable agriculture is vital to India's economy and the livelihood of its people.
Various government and community agencies are strongly supporting initiatives to encourage traditional varieties of crops and horticulture by promotion of localized organic farming, increasing food quality and saleability.
www.ifad.org/operations/food/farmer.htm‎
The priority must be on maintaining and improving the capacity of the higher potential agricultural lands to support an expanding population.

Recycling in china
water conservation
Food production
Energy efficiency
China
On china dialogue, there is an article analysis China’s spit personality of water conservation.(Olivia, B., 2013)
According to China’s daily’s report, China put water conservation at top priorty. China government will spend 4 trillion yuan on water conservation. (Jin, Z., 2012)
Conclusion
Whatever your belief regarding climate change, global warming and environmental damage it is clear that governments and communities the world over are working towards a more sustainable way of living.

From developed countries like Australia and the USA to developing countries like China and India the move to sustainable living, both as communities and individuals is on the rise, albeit slowly in some regions.

There are developments in renewable energies, reducing our carbon footprint, recycling waste and an emphasis on ensuring water supply for our increased population.

Initiating the movement and taking on some of that responsibility are individuals in their own homes. With so much information, new programs and initiatives and the push for a change in attitude towards our environment, for individuals to put a stamp on sustainability in the home the road ahead is no longer the one less travelled, rather the one preferred.

(Uq.edu.au, 2013)


http://inhabitat.com/construction-to-finally-begin-on-the-first-offshore-wind-farm-in-the-united-states/
YouTube video from Hawaii University, Kaua'i Community College, 2013.
The World Bank. (2013) Social Entrepreneurship as a Bottom-Up Model of Social-Economic Development. Retrieved August, 23, 2013 from http://wbi.worldbank.org/wbi/
india.gov.in/officialwebsite-bureau-energy-efficiency

Official Website of Bureau of Energy Efficiency. (2013). Retrieved August,28,2013 from India.gov.in/officialwebsite-bureau-energy-efficiency
IFAD, Food prices: small holder farmers can be part of the solution. Retrieved August, 22, 2013 from www.ifad.org/operations/food/farmer.htm
The human scale of recycling in India. Retrieved from www.theartblog.org [accessed August 08, 2013] (man with plastic bottles)
United Nations Environment Program update. (2013). Retrieved from www.unep.org/...Home/EnvironmentandwasteinIndia
Government of India. (2013) National Action Plan on Climate Change. Retrieved September, 3,2013 from pmindia.gov.in/climate_change_english.pdf
Images
East Asia Forum. The road ahead for India's national food security bill. Retrieved from www.eastasiaforum.org/2013/04/30 [accessed August 08, 2013]
Water conservation in India. Retrieved from www.flickr.com/photos/soulofindia [accessed August 08, 2013] (water storage containers)
BBC. YouTube. Haggling for recycling in India. Retrieved from www.youtube.com/watch [accessed August 10, 2013]
(recycling at home, 2013)
India
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