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Week 2 Languages and symbols

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Etienne Augé

on 20 September 2018

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Transcript of Week 2 Languages and symbols

Verbal communication
Nonverbal communication
Language 101
Functions of language
Intercultural communication using language
Body language
Eye Contact/shifty eyed
More complex!
Cultural Influences on Communication
Week 2
Languages and Symbols

Language: Crash Course Psychology #16
Reaching for the Stars
Only 7% of any message is conveyed through words (Dr. Albert Mehrabian, UCLA, 1967)
Haptic communication
Distant communication
the study of the nature, degree, and effect of the spatial separation individuals naturally maintain (as in various social and interpersonal situations) and of how this separation relates to environmental and cultural factors
Edward T. Hall
U.S. anthropologist
Lost in translation
Phatic expression
More Japanese kawai here:
Universal language?
Frozen in 25 languages
Religious symbols
Political symbols
Saying without showing
Evolution of symbols
Nonverbal human and animal Communication by touching
Communication as a social task as opposed to exchanging information
Let's start easy
Style tribes
Obscene Gestures From Around The World
National symbols
Netherlands or Holland?
Prinsengeus, 1937
The obvious need to learn a foreign language in a globalized world...
Religious clothes
Naming and defining
frequent interjections throughout a conversation to indicate that the listener is paying attention to the speaker
Even harder!
(but you're probably dead by now)
See you next week!
Semiotics and Society by Arthur Asa-Berger
Semiotics is the science of signs, a sign being anything that can
be used to stand for something else.
Roland Barthes
1972: Vegvísir?
1957: DS
Umberto Eco
Natural signs
Artificial signs
the way to liberation and bliss is to live a life of harmlessness and renunciation.
Expression of identity
Emotional release
A system of conventional spoken, manual, or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves. (Britannica)
Definition of language
Characteristics of human language
establishes the fact that words are a combination of sounds and symbols, and the symbols are letters and syllables.
describe or refer to things that are not visually present.
language serves a purpose.
set of rules that explain how words are used in a language
Language evolves
"Words that describe a state of well-being but don't really have a translation in other languages although this feeling does exist in many cultures yet will mean something different since the culture is different"
Polynesian: To write
Rite of passage
Identification with group
Yakuza (Japan)
Forced identification
Moko on Maori
Nazi concentration and extermination camps
Yantra tattooing
(Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar)
Social conventions
Unwritten rules
Jewish kippa
Women and Islam
308,030 anabaptists
Turban and Sikhism
Catholic Pope
all-white cassock
(From Polynesian): the prohibition of an action based on the belief that such behavior is either too sacred and consecrated or too dangerous and accursed for ordinary individuals to undertake.
society's expected behaviors and beliefs
And then, there is this
Clash of civilizations?
Burkini vs Bikini
Ted Polhemus (1947-..., American anthropologist)
"We are the only species which consciously, deliberately alters its appearance. Body decorations make us humans."
a group of people with a common characteristic or interest interacting together within a larger society
Law of Jante
You're not to think you are anything special.
You're not to think you are as good as we are.
You're not to think you are smarter than we are.
You're not to convince yourself that you are better than we are.
You're not to think you know more than we do.
You're not to think you are more important than we are.
You're not to think you are good at anything.
You're not to laugh at us.
You're not to think anyone cares about you.
You're not to think you can teach us anything.
A Fugitive Crosses His Tracks (1933)
Aksel Sandemose
In Scandinavia, putting society ahead of the individual, not boasting about individual accomplishments or being jealous of others
Conforming to societal expectations
Dutch examples
Republic of China
World languages
Most spoken languages in the world
Proportion of native speakers for first and second languages
Impact of colonialism
symbol that is used to identify a brand and that appears on its products
something that stands for or suggests something else by reason of relationship, association, convention, or accidental resemblance
Om (sanskrit)
4-6 million followers
How would you call this color?
Blue = Green
Lakota Sioux
Ancient Greek
Blue = dark green, violet, black, brown (kyneos)
“And jealous now of me, you gods, because I befriend a man, one I saved as he straddled the keel alone, when Zeus had blasted and shattered his swift ship with a bright lightning bolt, out on the wine-dark sea.”
—Homer, The Odyssey, Book V
For more information about Blue:
International Klein Blue
Northern Ireland
What is not expressed can be represented
Do not have a human sender
At the beach
'Tis death! 'tis death! (or: I may die) ’Tis life! ‘tis life! (or: I may live)
’Tis death! ‘tis death! ’Tis life! ‘tis life!
This is the hairy man
Who summons the sun and makes it shine
A step upward, another step upward!
A step upward, another... the Sun shines!
Ka mate, ka mate! ka ora! ka ora!
Ka mate! ka mate! ka ora! ka ora!
Tēnei te tangata pūhuruhuru
Nāna nei i tiki mai whakawhiti te rā
Ā, upane! ka upane!
Ā, upane, ka upane, whiti te ra!
Ka Mate
Māori haka
Mongrel Mob
Rival gangs: Black Power, Crips, Road Knights, Head Hunters MC, Tribesmen, Killer Beez, Nomads
Road Knights: since 2012, new chapters have been formed in Thailand,
and the United States
Russian criminals
A snake around the neck is a sign of drug addiction. These trousers are the uniform of the strictest type of prison regime in the Soviet Union. Criminals sent here are known as ‘osobo opasnim retsidivistom’ (especially dangerous recidivists), who have carried out grave offences such as murder or paedophilia. They are not subject to parole. (
Eight-pointed stars on the clavicles denote a high-ranking thief. A bow tie on the neck was often forcibly applied to pickpockets who had broken the thieves’ code and sided with the authorities. The dollar sign on the bow tie shows that this man is either a safe-cracker or money launderer.
• Saffron is associated with valour, is worn during rallies.

• White is associated with peace, is worn by elders. Many Sikh men and women choose to don a White, Off-White or a similar shade daily as part of their beliefs in keeping with the faith.

It is also a common color worn by Eastern Sikhs at events such as a funeral ceremony or any event where a bright color would not be considered appropriate. On the other hand, Western Sikhs commonly wear White as part of their daily Sikh garb. White turbans are worn to extend the aura and the person’s projection.

• Pink and Red is associated with spring, is worn during that season or for marriage ceremonies.

• Orange and Navy Blue are traditional Sikh Khalsa colors, also worn on days of religious observance or special commemorative events. The blue is the color of the warrior and of protection. Royal blue or navy blue turbans are common among Sikh ministers and Gyanis, especially in India. Orange represents wisdom.

• Black and Navy Blue are more popular with the younger generation and also worn at more formal events.

• Black turbans are believed to represents surrender of the ego.

• Camouflage pattern is worn by the military personnel.
Fourth Lateran Council (1215) decreed that clerics must wear garments closed in front and free from extravagance as to length, such as long flowing capes.
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