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Women's Political Participation in China

Wenjuan Jiang
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Wenjuan Jiang

on 25 April 2010

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Transcript of Women's Political Participation in China

Women's Political Participation in China Wenjuan Jiang

Women and Public Policy Powerful Women in China Tang Dynasty Wu Zetian The only empress in Chinese ancient history


Allowed women's participation in political system Republic of China People's Republic of China The Soong Sisters Soong May-Ling First Lady of the Republic of China
Madame Chiang Kai-shek
Graduted from Wellesley College
On February 18, 1943, she became the first Chinese national and second woman to address both houses of the U.S. Congress.
Soong Ching-Ling First Lady of the Republic of China, Madame Sun Yat-Sen
Vice President of the P.R.China
Honory President of the P.R.China Jiang Qing First Lady of the P.R.China,
Madame Mao
Head of the Film Section of the CCP Propaganda Department
Deputy director of the Central Cultural Revolution Group Wu Yi Minister of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation
Vice Premier of the State Council
Minister of Public Health: Successfully handled the SARS Crisis

2007 Forbes:
The World Most Powerful Women #2

612,280,000 women,
which is approximately 10% of the world population. Seats held by women in national parliament Out of 2987 seats, Women only occupy 637 seats. Rank out of 186 countries: #54 HDI Rank Women in government at ministerial level: 5.1%
Rank: #94 out of 177 countries
Current Political Participation Statistics Mao: "Chinese women can hold up half the sky" Quota Mar, 08, 2007 Article 3, the third amended Law of Elecitons for NPC and Provincial People's Congress no less than 22% of the total number of representatives in the National People's Congress "In the future, 50% of the seats in the National People's Congress should be held for women" (Mao, 1956) "the NPC and provincial People's Congress at all levels should have an appropriate women number" 1995 1998 Artical 9, the Organic Law of China Village Election "There should be an appropriate number of women in each village committee" The top of the pyramids Nine members of the Standing Committee of the Politburo of the Communist Party are all males. Regulations on the Retirement Age For government officials or civil servants,
women retire at the age of 50;
men retire at the age of 60

For senior government officials,
women retire at the age of 55;
men retire at the age of 60 All-China Women's Federation Biggest NGO focus on women in China GO-NGO Initialy set up as a party organ
After the UN 4th World Conference on Women in Beijing, ACWF became more independent
Still supported by the Communist Party
Pro-Women Policy? Reference All-China Women Federation, http://www.women.org.cn/

Shen. H, "All-China Women's Federation: A Party Representative or Feminist Organization?",
http://www.allacademic.com//meta/p_mla_apa_research_citation/1/7/0/4/8/pages170486/p170486-18.php

Liu. Y, "Recommendations on the Women-men Ratio of Election Law", http://www.iolaw.org.cn/showNews.asp?id=21252

World's Most Powerful Women in 2007, http://www.woopidoo.com/reviews/news/women-2007.htm

National Population and Family Planning Commission of China, 2009, http://www.chinapop.gov.cn/wxzl/rkgk/201004/t20100415_200926.html


Li. H, "Women's Political Participation in China", http://theory.people.com.cn/GB/40557/68380/68381/4617050.html

UNDP, 2004, "Human Development Report 2004", http://hdr.undp.org/en/humandev/

Inter-Parliamentary Union, 2010, "Women in Parliaments", http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/classif.htm

IDEA, "Quota Database", http://www.quotaproject.org/
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