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Spanish Colonial Towns

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Mark Riniker

on 11 March 2016

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Transcript of Spanish Colonial Towns

Works Cited
Deer Dance, San Juan Pueblo, New Mexico, 1925-1945. Photo by T. Harmon Parkhurst. Courtesy Palace of the Governors
Photo Archives (NMHM/DCA Neg. # 003858)

Faulk, Odie B. "Presidios." Handbook of Texas Online. Handbook of Texas Online, 15 June 2010. Web. 09 Mar. 2016.

Galagan, Robert. "New Mexico Catholic Pilgrimage." : San Miguel Mission. New Mexico Catholic Pilgrimage, 2 Aug. 2013. Web. 09 Mar. 2016.

Mission at San Felipe Pueblo, New Mexico, 1925-1945. Photo by T. Harmon Parkhurst. Courtesy Palace of the Governors Photo Archives (NMHM/DCA. Neg. # 003391).

Sandoval, Arturo. "Ancient Traditions Keep Desert Waters Flowing." YES! Magazine. YES! Magazine, 13 May 2010. Web. 09 Mar. 2016.

Wikipedia contributors. "Acequia." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 7 Dec. 2015. Web. 9 Mar. 2016.

Wikipedia contributors. "New Spain." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 9 Mar. 2016. Web. 9 Mar. 2016.

Wikipedia contributors. "Ohkay Owingeh, New Mexico." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 24 Jan. 2016. Web. 9 Mar. 2016.

Wikipedia contributors. "Presidio." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 25 Feb. 2016. Web. 9 Mar. 2016.

Wikipedia contributors. "Presidio of Santa Barbara." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 31 Dec. 2015. Web. 9 Mar. 2016.

Wikipedia contributors. "Spanish colonization of the Americas." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 4 Feb. 2016. Web. 9 Mar. 2016.

Travis K. Witt - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=20499466

Missions
Presidios
Defend the missions
Means "garrisoned place," or a fort with soldiers.
Safe oasis for travelers.
Built in a square or rectangular shape
Plaza
The town center, which had three related institutions
1. the cathedral,
2. the
cabildo
(administrative center)
3.
audiencia
or law court
Acequia
Community-operated watercourse
Used for irrigation and cleaning
Every spring, all men were required to clean and repair the
acequia madre
People who irrigated on the wrong day

could be punished.
Spanish Colonial Towns
Franciscan Missionaries
Palace of the Governors
Flag of Spanish conquistador with crown of Castile under red flag, used by Hernán Cortés, Francisco Pizarro and others.
The Cross of Burgundy - New Spain was established following the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire in 1521, and at its greatest extent included much of North America south of Canada: all of present-day Mexico and Central America (except Panama), most of the United States west of the Mississippi River and the Floridas.
Franciscan friars under Spain convert Indians to Christianity.
Introduced livestock, fruits, vegetables, and small-scale industry
The first permanent settlement was Mission San Gabriel, founded in 1598 by Juan de Oñate.
Mission at San Felipe Pueblo, New Mexico, 1925-1945.
San Francisco de Asis Mission Church in Ranchos de Taos
Mission San Miguel in Santa Fe was originally built in 1610 by the Tlaxcalan Indians from Mexico. This is the oldest church in the United States.
An artist's rendering of what Mission San Gabriel in San Juan Pueblo may have looked like. After the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, the Spanish abandoned it.

Los Matachines de Ohkay Owingeh performing a dance on Christmas 2012 in what was formerly known as San Juan Pueblo.
The San Diego presidio in California circa 1820.
The Canada
presidio
in New Mexico.
A view of the main restored portion of the Presidio in 2005, with the chapel in the center
The Goliad presidio in Texas.
Santa Fe Plaza has been the commercial, social and political center of Santa Fe since c. 1610 when it was established by Don Pedro de Peralta.
The original Plaza was a presidio (fort) surrounded by a large defensive wall
In addition, a barracks for soldiers, a chapel and a prison were inside the original walls.
Spanish Town Plans
Santa Fe's acequia madre marked in orange with Route 25 in yellow near the bottom of the map.
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