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Assignment 1: Key factors that influence health and safety in sport
Transcript of Assignment 1: Key factors that influence health and safety in sport
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE, 2002)
Assessing Risk in Sport (P1)
Factors Affecting Health and Safety in Sport
Describe four legislative factors that influence health and safety in sport
Describe the legal factors and regulatory bodies that influence health and safety in sport.
Compare and contrast the influences of legislation, legal factors and regulatory bodies on health and safety in sport.
What is legislation?
Legislation (or "
) is introduced by the government to:
In terms of events, legislation defines the governing legal principles outlining the responsibilities of event organisers and other stakeholders such as the local authority, to protect the safety of the
There are a number of legislative factors, legal factors and regulatory bodies that are underpinning factors associated with health and safety within sport
relates to making or
. Due to the ever changing nature of sport and the number of
associated with it there are
that impacts on
within the UK.
ready for your
Health and Safety at Work Act (1974)
The principles of the Health and Safety at Work Act are to:
Secure the health, safety and welfare of people at work.
Protect people other than those at work (customers, visitors, general public) against risks to health and safety arising form the activities of people at work.
Control the handling and storage of dangerous substances.
Control the emission into the atmosphere of noxious or offensive substances from premisses.
Under the Health and Safety at Work Act employees are responsible for:
Taking care of their own health and safety.
Taking care of the health and safety of others who may be affect by their actions.
Cooperating with the employer and other relevant organisations to ensure that the requirements of the act are met
Not misusing equipment provided to maintain health and safety.
Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR, 1995)
RIDDOR places a legal duty on employers, self employed people and people in control of premises to report:
Work related deaths (Reported to HSENI)
Major injuries (over three days)
Work related diseases
RIDDOR is in place to allow the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) to:
Follow up, report and check safety practices and operational procedure
Ensure a standardised report form is used
Allow officers from the HSE to advise organizations on prevention of further accident and illness
Allow an investigation to prosecute, prohibit and make improvements where necessary
NB: HSE - The organisation responsible for proposing and enforcing safety regulations throughout the UK.
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH, 2002)
Hazardous substances include all substances or mixtures of substances classified as dangerous to health under the Chemical Regulations, 2002 such as:
Substances used directly in work activities (adhesives, paint, cleaning agents, pitch markings)
Substances generated during work activities (fumes)
Natural occurring substances (dust)
Biological agents (bacteria in swimming pools)
The COSHH regulations can be enforced by following an eight step process (research this!!)
Under COSHH bacteriological testing should be carried out regularly in leisure centers. In public leisure centers such tests are checked by the HSE while in private leisure pools this responsibility often falls under the Environmental Health Officer to take random bacteriological tests.
Employers have basic duties concerning the provision and use of personal protective equipment (PPE) at work e.g. providing safety helmets, gloves, eye protection, high visibility clothing, safety footwear and safety harnesses. The regulations require that PPE is:
Properly assessed before use to ensure its suitability
Maintained and stored correctly
Supplied with adequate instructions so that users know how to use it safely
Worn correctly by user
Health and Safety (First-aid) Regulations (1981)
In order to provide first-aid employers must have adequate and appropriate equipment, facilities and personnel.
The regulations state that the organisation must provide:
First-aid equipment (first-aid boxes, spine boards and resuscitation kits)
A First- Aid room (regulations will specify size, layout and location)
First-aiders and training programmes
The law gives advice on the minimum requirements for sports venues i.e. the cover they should have and facilities they need.
Manual Handling Operations Regulations (1992)
This act is applied to any situation where employees are carrying, lifting or moving loads.
Loads are not identified with a maximum weight so each requires a risk assessment.
Employers are required to avoid hazardous manual handling operations as far as it is reasonably practicable.
Management of Health and Safety Regulations (1999)
The aim of this regulation is to reduce damage by assessing all potential risks and to create action plans for emergencies to protect employers, customers and anyone who is self employed e.g. visitors in a leisure center or participants with a coaching sessions
This regulation introduced specific guidelines relating to young people (under 18). Under these regulations the employer should:
Assess the risk to the young person before they begin employment
Take into consideration a young persons psychological or physical immaturity, inexperience and lack of awareness of existing or potential risks
Introduce control measures to eliminate or minimize the risks, so far as is reasonably practicable
You must review risk assessments and make modifications if there are any significant changes in working practices or equipment
If safety procedures can ever be improved, appropriate steps should be taken
You are expected to take reasonable steps to familiarise yourself with hazards and risks in your workplace
Training should be given to avoid hardazous situations
You must ensure that the significant hazards are identified, through risk assessments
Fire Safety and Safety of Places of Sports Act (1987)
This legislation was brought into effect as a result of the Popplewell Injury, which examined the safety of sports grounds following the devasting fire at Bradford City Football Club in May 1985 in which 56 people died.
The 5 key points of this act are:
The safety of sports grounds
The safety of stands at sports ground
Indoor sports licenses
Miscellaneous and general section relating to fees and exemption.
The act requires all stadiums/arenas have sufficient fire escapes
All stadiums/arenas must have adequate fire fighting equipment
Provides advice on numbers for maximum capacity
Adventurous Activities Licensing Authority Regulations (2004)
This regulation arouse from the tragedy at Lynne Bay in 1993 when four teenagers died whilst on a kayaking trip.
The aim of this law is to provide reassurances to the public about the safety of those activity providers who have been granted a license. It ensures that young people aren't being exposed to avoidable risk of death or disabling injury
This involves obtaining the correct licence to take people for outdoor activities.
It considers risk assessments, staff qualifications, PPE, equipment standards and area required for each activity.
Ensures there are lots of benefits and low risk
Food Safety Act (1990)
Emphasis on cleanliness
Proper storage & preparation of food
Smoke free areas
Reporting illnesses of staff/customers.
You now how information on the following legislative factors / statutory laws:
Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992
Personal Protective Equipment 2002
Control of Substances Hazardous To Health 1994
Health and Safety First Aid regulations 1981
Report Of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences (RIDDOR 1995)
Fire Safety and Safety of Places of Sport Act 1987
Adventure Activities Licensing Regulation 2004
Food Safety Act 1990
For P1 you will need to choose four of these laws, research them for their content and then link it to sporting examples.
More than one example would need to be fully described to get a pass grade.