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Gresa Ejupi

on 14 May 2013

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Transcript of alkoolet

Alkoolet ndahen në : Alkoolet më të përdorshme - Matanoli (alkooli metilik), CH3 - OH ALKOOLET TRIHIDROKSILIKE CH2 - CH - CH2 FENOLET ESTERET - Eteri, dietileteri, etoksietani KOMPONIMET ORGANIKE ME OKSIGJEN Alkoolet (R - OH) - Alkanole (CH3 - OH) - Alkenole (CH2 = CH CH2 - OH) - Alkoole aromatike (C6H5 – CH2 - OH) Alkoolet sipas pozites së grupit hidroksil ndahen në : - Alkoole primare CH3 CH2 CH2 CH2 - OH (Butanoli-1) - Alkoole sekondare CH3 CHCH2 CH3 (Butanoli-2) OH - Alkoolet terciare H3C - C - OH (Metil-2-propanoli-2) CH3 CH3 CO + 2 H2 CH3 OH (metanol) Zn Cr2 O3 300 - 400 C - Etanoli (alkooli etilik), CH3CH2 - OH H2C = CH2 CH3 CH2 - OH H2O H2 SO4 CH2 - CH2 OH OH etandiol -1,2 (glikol) CH2 = CH2 KMnO4 Na2 CO3 OH OH CH2 - CH2 glikoli OH OH OH propantriol 1,2,3(glicerol) CH2 - O - C - R = O __ CH - O - C - R = O __ CH2 - O - C - R = O Alkoolet dyhidroksilike - Diolet eten yndyrë + 3 NaOH CH __ __ CH2 - OH OH CH2 - OH __ + R-C-O Na - + sapun = O glicerol - Fenoli (acidi karbolik) C6H5 - OH fenoli fenoksid natriumi CH3CH2 - O - CH2CH3 2 CH3 CH2 - OH CH3 CH2 - O - CH2 CH3 + H2O etanoli etoksietani H2SO4 180 C eteni etanoli Punuar nga : Gresa Ejupi Granit Gojani Gent Gjonbalaj Gamze Troshupa
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