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Important Battles of the Civil War

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Katie Hanagan

on 16 January 2013

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Transcript of Important Battles of the Civil War

Important Battles of the Civil War Fort Sumter The first shot fired in the Civil War was at Fort Sumter. Confederate forces fired upon the Union fort. 1st Battle of Bull Run The 1st Battle of Bull Run was the first major land battle of the Civil War. At first, it looked as if the Union would win this battle. The Union forces drove the Confederate forces back. When it looked as if the Union was about to win, the Confederate forces got reinforcements and forced the Union to retreat. The Union goal for the Battle of Bull Run was to end the Civil War quickly and open the way to Richmond, Virginia (the Confederate Capital). When the Confederate Army won, it shocked the North and gave the South more confidence. Antietam Estimated 4,878 casualties The battle at Antietam is the bloodiest one-day battle in American history. "23,000 soldiers were killed, wounded or missing after twelve hours of savage combat on September 17, 1862."
• "Antietam National Battlefield - Antietam National Battlefield." U.S. National Park Service - Experience Your America. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2013. <http://www.nps.gov/ancm/index.htm>. This battle ended in a draw. Nobody was defeated even though it was so bloody. The Emancipation Proclamation The Emancipation Proclamation was a document created by Pres. Lincoln that declared all slaves were free. However, Pres. Lincoln could not enforce this in the seceded states. Although the Emancipation Proclamation did not free many slaves, it was a turning point in the Civil War, transforming the battle to preserve the nation into a battle for human freedom. The Emancipation Proclamation was issued on January 1, 1863. (http://www.history.com/topics/emancipation-proclamation) Fredericksburg The Battle of Fredericksburg was fought in Fredericksburg, VA. This battle, fought on Dec. 11-15, 1862, had more troops engaged in battle than almost any other battle in the Civil War. Almost 200,000 men fought in this battle. The Battle of Fredericksburg resulted in a Confederate Victory. There were no casualties in this battle for the Union or the Confederate sides. Vicksburg Gettysburg The Battle of Gettysburg was the bloodiest 3 day battle in the Civil War. General Robert E. Lee led his Confederate Army to Pennsylvania in June of 1863. On July 1, Lee's Army clashed with the Union army. The next day there was even worse fighting between the two armies. The Confederate Army attacked the Union Army on both the left and the right. Finally, on the third day of the battle, Lee's army of now fewer than 15,000 troops attempted to attack the Union Army in their center. This charge (often called Pickett's Charge) failed and the Battle of Gettysburg ended in a Union victory. This battle was an attack on the Confederate base: Vicksburg. Confederate forces at Vicksburg eventually gave up and surrendered. Now the Union had a vital stronghold in Mississippi. This split the Confederacy in half. It was one of the most brilliant military campaigns of the war. The Gettysburg Address Sherman's March to the Sea Appomattox Campaign Essential Question Bibliography
Emancipation Proclamation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emancipation_Proclamation>. Sherman's March to the Sea was when General William T. Sherman of the Union Army marched his army from Atlanta, Georgia to Savannah, Georgia to frighten Georgia's civilians into giving up the Confederate cause. While the army did not destroy any villages on their way to Savannah, they burned the houses of people that tried to fight back. "Battle Of Fredericksburg." History Net: Where History Comes Alive - World & US History Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.historynet.com/battle-of-fredericksburg>. "Battle of Gettysburg — History.com Articles, Video, Pictures and Facts." History.com — History Made Every Day — American & World History. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/battle-of-gettysburg>. "Emancipation Proclamation — History.com Articles, Video, Pictures and Facts." History.com — History Made Every Day — American & World History. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/emancipation-proclamation>. State. "The Battle of Fort Sumter Summary & Facts | Civilwar.org." Civil War Trust: Saving America's Civil War Battlefields. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Jan. 2013. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/fort-sumter.html?tab=facts>. "Fort Sumter." The American Civil War. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Jan. 2013. <http://www.us-civilwar.com/sumter.htm>. State. "The Battle of Bull Run Summary & Facts | Civilwar.org." Civil War Trust: Saving America's Civil War Battlefields. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2013. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/bullrun.html?tab=facts>. State. "The Battle of Antietam Summary & Facts | Civilwar.org." Civil War Trust: Saving America's Civil War Battlefields. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2013. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/antietam.html?tab=facts>. "Antietam National Battlefield - Antietam National Battlefield." U.S. National Park Service - Experience Your America. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2013. <http://www.nps.gov/ancm/index.htm>. "Sherman's March — History.com Articles, Video, Pictures and Facts." History.com — History Made Every Day — American & History. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/shermans-march>.World " Google Image Result for http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/images/at0042b.1s.jpg." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.google.com/imgres?q=fort+sumter&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&client=safari&sa=N&tbo=d&rls=en&biw=1961&bih=1217&tbm=isch&tbnid=GkhcvB_evFvkcM:&imgrefurl=http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/trm117.html&docid=Sde9pSJH-fQuwM&imgurl=http://www.loc.gov/e>. " Google Image Result for http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/First_Battle_of_Bull_Run_Kurz_%2526_Allison.jpg/300px-First_Battle_of_Bull_Run_Kurz_%2526_Allison.jpg." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.google.com/imgres?q=1rst+battle+of+bull+run&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&client=safari&sa=N&tbo=d&rls=en&biw=1961&bih=1217&tbm=isch&tbnid=iGRvh_U-jjed6M:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_Bull_Run&docid=7FxGSM10nP36nM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/First_Battle_of_Bull_Run_Kurz_%252526_Allison.jpg/300px-First_Battle_of_Bull_Run_Kurz_%252526_Allison.jpg&w=300&h=219&ei=rJf0UMywC8aB0AGAuYBw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=232&vpy=137&dur=1763&hovh=175&hovw=240&tx=179&ty=70&sig=110089813161162082160&page=1&tbnh=140&tbnw=192&start=0&ndsp=70&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:86>. " Google Image Result for http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/First_Battle_of_Bull_Run_Kurz_%2526_Allison.jpg/300px-First_Battle_of_Bull_Run_Kurz_%2526_Allison.jpg." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.google.com/imgres?q=1rst+battle+of+bull+run&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&client=safari&sa=N&tbo=d&rls=en&biw=1961&bih=1217&tbm=isch&tbnid=iGRvh_U-jjed6M:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_Bull_Run&docid=7FxGSM10nP36nM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/First_Battle_of_Bull_Run_Kurz_%252526_Allison.jpg/300px-First_Battle_of_Bull_Run_Kurz_%252526_Allison.jpg&w=300&h=219&ei=rJf0UMywC8aB0AGAuYBw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=232&vpy=137&dur=1763&hovh=175&hovw=240&tx=179&ty=70&sig=110089813161162082160&page=1&tbnh=140&tbnw=192&start=0&ndsp=70&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:86>. " Google Image Result for http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/First_Battle_of_Bull_Run_Kurz_%2526_Allison.jpg/300px-First_Battle_of_Bull_Run_Kurz_%2526_Allison.jpg." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.google.com/imgres?q=1rst+battle+of+bull+run&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&client=safari&sa=N&tbo=d&rls=en&biw=1961&bih=1217&tbm=isch&tbnid=iGRvh_U-jjed6M:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_Bull_Run&docid=7FxGSM10nP36nM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/First_Battle_of_Bull_Run_Kurz_%252526_Allison.jpg/300px-First_Battle_of_Bull_Run_Kurz_%252526_Allison.jpg&w=300&h=219&ei=rJf0UMywC8aB0AGAuYBw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=232&vpy=137&dur=1763&hovh=175&hovw=240&tx=179&ty=70&sig=110089813161162082160&page=1&tbnh=140&tbnw=192&start=0&ndsp=70&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:86>. " Google Image Result for http://genpa.org/sites/default/files/800px-Battle_of_Gettysburg,_by_Currier_and_Ives%255B1%255D.png." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.google.com/imgres?q=battle+of+gettys+urg&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&client=safari&sa=N&tbo=d&rls=en&biw=1961&bih=1217&tbm=isch&tbnid=T54rzOuqSLfGTM:&imgrefurl=http://genpa.org/region/south-central-pennsylvania&docid=7Anos4lamiIWwM&imgurl=http://genpa.org/sites/default/files/800px-Battle_of_Gettysburg,_by_Currier_and_Ives%25255B1%25255D.png&w=640&h=405&ei=gZv0UNjBIpGo0AGfjoCQBA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=100&vpy=291&dur=211&hovh=178&hovw=282&tx=163&ty=105&sig=110089813161162082160&page=1&tbnh=144&tbnw=241&start=0&ndsp=72&ved=1t:429,r:12,s:0,i:120>. " Google Image Result for http://www.sonofthesouth.net/Thomas_Nast/Battle_Of_Vicksburg.jpg." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.google.com/imgres?q=battle+of+vicksburg&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&client=safari&sa=N&tbo=d&rls=en&biw=1961&bih=1217&tbm=isch&tbnid=FpIRpRXEOOErEM:&imgrefurl=http://www.sonofthesouth.net/Battle_Of_Vicksburg.htm&docid=VQ4r1wv3X_gr1M&imgurl=http://www.sonofthesouth.net/Thomas_Nast/Battle_Of_Vicksburg.jpg&w=750&h=545&ei=-Zv0UJ2FCqa-0QHpwoHwDg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=100&vpy=132&dur=137&hovh=191&hovw=263&tx=194&ty=112&sig=110089813161162082160&page=1&tbnh=147&tbnw=203&start=0&ndsp=66&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:86>. " Google Image Result for http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e9/Sherman_sea_1868.jpg/360px-Sherman_sea_1868.jpg." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.google.com/imgres?q=shermans+march+to+the+sea&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&client=safari&sa=N&tbo=d&rls=en&biw=1961&bih=1217&tbm=isch&tbnid=XuaFZGICfRnFmM:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sherman%27s_March_to_the_Sea&docid=HCcPKBaSSOpMdM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e9/Sherman_sea_1868.jpg/360px-Sherman_sea_1868.jpg&w=360&h=236&ei=F530ULi9Cai30gHu6ICwDw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=119&vpy=182&dur=494&hovh=156&hovw=227&tx=124&ty=92&sig=110089813161162082160&page=1&tbnh=139&tbnw=195&start=0&ndsp=74&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:88>. The Civil War resulted in over 620,000 casualties; more casualties than any other U.S war. New weapons and technology were used in the Civil War. New rifles and cannons were more accurate and could be loaded faster than the old muskets and cannons. These new rifles and cannons also had a much longer range. Advancing troops could be bombarded before they even reached the attacking troops. The generals of the armies ordered their troops to "charge" the enemy. The generals realized too late that their tactics were outdated and were causing many casualties. The medical conditions in the soldier's camps were no better. There was a lack of clean water in these camps that led to outbreaks of diseases such as smallpox and typhoid fever. More soldiers died in the war from poor medical conditions than during the actual battle. As a result of the antiquated battle strategy, advanced weapons, and horrible medical conditions; thousands of soldiers died. "Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address is the most quoted speech in American history. Only two minutes long, the speech captures the essence of America and its principles as put forth in the Declaration of Independence.""Gettysburg Address - Information, Facts, and Links." Study Guides, Lesson Plans, Homework Help, Answers & More - enotes.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.enotes.com/topics/gettysburg-address> This speech changed the purpose of the war. It made the Civil War a fight about being true to what the American principles were and are, rather than solely trying to preserve the country. It was delivered during a ceremony dedicated to honoring the soldiers who died during the Battle of Gettysburg, from both the Union and the Confederacy. By: Katie Hanagan & Katie Worden March 29, 1865: General Ulysses S. Grant moved with Union forces against the Confederate forces near Petersburg.
The rebels were outnumbered and forced to move west.
Soon after, on April 9 1865, in Appomattox, Virginia, Robert E. Lee surrenders his 28,000 troops to the Union Army, thus ending the Civil War.The Union won! "The Battle of Vicksburg Summary & Facts | Civilwar.org." Civil War Trust: Saving America's Civil War Battlefields. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/vicksburg.html?gclid=CLf4xpuG6LQCFQSf4Aodd1MAxg> State. "The Battle of Antietam Summary & Facts | Civilwar.org." Civil War Trust: Saving America's Civil War Battlefields. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2013. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/antietam.html>. "Robert E. Lee surrenders — History.com This Day in History — 4/9/1865." History.com — History Made Every Day — American & World History. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/robert-e-lee-surrenders> "Gettysburg Address: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress)." Library of Congress Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Gettysburg.html>. "Gettysburg Address - Information, Facts, and Links." Study Guides, Lesson Plans, Homework Help, Answers & More - enotes.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.enotes.com/topics/gettysburg-address>. "Fort Sumter." World Book Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Jan. 2013. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar207000&st=fort+sumter>. "File:Appomattox Campaign.png - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Appomattox_Campaign.png>. "Battle of Antietam — History.com This Day in History — 9/17/1862." History.com — History Made Every Day — American & World History. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2013. <http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/battle-of-antietam>. "Battle Summary: Vicksburg, MS." U.S. National Park Service - Experience Your America. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ms011.htm> "Appomattox campaign begins — History.com This Day in History — 3/29/1865." History.com — History Made Every Day — American & World History. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/appomattox-campaign-begins>. 1861, July. "First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) — History.com Articles, Video, Pictures and Facts." History.com — History Made Every Day — American & World History. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/battle-of-first-bull-run>. (
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