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Scientific Revolution and the Age of Reason

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Miss Baker

on 4 February 2014

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Transcript of Scientific Revolution and the Age of Reason

nature is chaotic

tabula rasa =

gov't needed to secure property and liberty

representation protects people from oppression

A
Scientific Method
Aristotle, a Greek philosopher, founded the Lyceum, a center for scientific and philosophical inquiry.
335
BCE
161
CE
Hipparchus, an ancient Greek astronomer, dies. He is considered to be the greatest ancient astronomer.
Ptolemy, a Greek scholar, geographer, and astronomer, dies. He supported the idea of a geocentric (earth centered) universe.
120
BCE
Muhammad ibn Musa al Khwarizmi a scholar in the House of Wisdom in Baghdad and father of algebra, updates Ptolemy's work on geography.
833
Al Ghazali, a Muslim scholar and theologian from Persi who attempted to connect the ideas of the Greeks and Islam, dies.
1111
Maimonides, a Jewish Scholar from Spain, completes his "Guide to the Perplexed," using rationalism to connect Judaism with Aristotle's law of nature.
1190
Thomas Aquinas, a Christian scholar and theologian from Italy, who was influenced by the ideas of al Ghazali, writes "The Principles of Nature."
1255
1572
Nicholas Copernicus, a Polish mathematician, announces his theory of a heliocentric (sun-centered) universe.
Tycho Brahe, a Danish astronomer who discovered the first supernova, publishes "De Nova Stella."
1543
Johannes Kepler, a German mathematician and astronomer, publishes "New Astronomy."
1600
Sir Isaac Newton, an English scientist who defined the three laws of motion, publishes "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy."
Does hot water freeze faster than cold water?
Question:
Research:
Hypothesis:
Experiment:
Data:
Conclusions:
"If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants."
1600
1687
The Scientific Revolution
What does this quote mean?
How does it fit with the timeline?
Circle the background of each person listed on the timeline.
B
C
D
E. Which is larger A or B?
F. Which middle segment is longer, top or bottom?
G. Are the red lines straight or curved?
Enlighten =




Enlightenment
or Age of Reason =
Thomas Hobbes
people are born good and
free
"noble savage" corrupted
by civilization
gov't needed to unite people under general will
direct democracy is best

John Locke
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Political Continuum
liberal
moderate
conservative
nature is brutish and scary
people are fearful and cruel
gov't needed to keep order and prevent war
gov't designed to control, not represent

Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Jean Jacques Rousseau
18th century philosophical movement emphasizing the use of systematic logic and reason to solve the problems of humankind
BELL RINGER!!!
Yesterday, we mentioned that values central to American society were born during the Enlightenment.

Make a list of values (rights) that are protected by our Declaration of Independence and Constitution.
to illuminate, or have greater knowledge/understanding
Core Beliefs
Nature
Reason
Happiness
Liberty
Progress
Wrote "Two Treatises of Government" to defend the Glorious Revolution.

Natural rights: rights that belong to all humans from birth
life, liberty, and property!!

"The Leviathan" was his most famous work.

social contract:

wrote "The Social Contract"

men compete with one another but also dependent on each other.

social contract: give up some rights to a gov't to achieve order

‘True wit is Nature to Advantage drest,
What oft was thought, but ne’er so well Exprest,
Something, whose Truth convinc’d at sight we find,
That gives us back the image of our Mind.’
‘All nature is but art, unknown to thee;
All chance, direction, which thou canst not see;
All discord, harmony not understood;
All partial evil, universal good:
And, spite of pride in erring reason’s spite,
One truth is clear, whatever is, is right’
enlightened despot =
monarch who embraces enlightenment ideals while retaining power
Hobbes
Rousseau
Locke
EXIT SLIP!!!!
Match the quote to the person who said it:
A- Hobbes
B- Locke
C- Rousseau
1.) "Government has no other end than the preservation
of property."

2.) "Man is born free and everywhere he is
in chains."

3.) " Not believing in force is the same as not believing in
gravitation."
Full transcript