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Photography - Basic Composition


Peter Aretz

on 25 January 2017

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Transcript of Photography - Basic Composition

How ISO, Aperture, and Shutter Speed Work
Basic composition
How Many Photos will be taken in 2015?
Leading Lines
A photo using leading lines contains lines that go through the foreground, background, and middle ground, leading the viewer through the photo.
Non-distracting Backgrounds
A photo with a non-distracting background has a background that is simple or blurred out to so that it doesn't distract from the main subject.
Balancing Elements
A photo using the balancing elements strategy balances the visual "weight" of objects in the photo. The balance may be symmetrical or asymmetrical.
View Point
A photo using the vantage point strategy is shot from a vantage point other than eye level.
Repetition and Pattern
A photo using repetition and pattern utilizes repeating themes (shapes, objects, colors).
A photo using the cropping strategy is one that cuts distracting elements out of the background, either by zooming in tightly on the subject or manually cropping the photo.
Framing the Scene
A photo with framing uses objects in the foreground or background to bring focus to the main subject and add depth to the entire photo.
Rule of Thirds
A photo using rule of thirds has a subject that is not in the center, instead being located in the top, bottom, left, or right third of the photo.
Imagine aperture is the pupil. The pupil expands or shrinks to adjust the light amount get in.
Large pupil size equals large aperture --> can get more light through
Aperture is ‘the opening in the lens.’
It is made by blades.
EV = Exposure value
Sensitivity of the sensors to light
Range of ISO : 100-3200
Common range : 100,200/ 400, 800
DOF = Depth Of Focus
exposure triangle
High f-stop number, large depth of field. Low f-stop number, shallow depth of field.
Composition techniques
Shutter speed
: ‘the amount of time that the shutter is open’
Camera shutter
: a curtain in front of the camera sensor that stays closed until the camera fires
Full transcript