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What effect did the Peloponnesian war have on Athens and Spa
Transcript of What effect did the Peloponnesian war have on Athens and Spa
In this phase, Sparta, now receiving support from Persia, supported rebellions in Athens' subject states in the Aegean Sea and Ionia, undermining Athens' empire, and, eventually, depriving the city of naval supremacy. The destruction of Athens' fleet at Aegospotami effectively ended the war, and Athens surrendered in the following year.
The three stages of the Peloponnesian war.
The first stage was relatively ineffective. Sparta was terrible at sieges, and attacked Attica each year, burning their crops.
The second stage was a peace that did not last. It ended in 415. During this time Athens attempted movements against Sicily.
The third stage (Ionian or Decelian War) involved Sparta creating problems for Athens and their Delian League. Sparta was aided by Persia to start rebellious movements in Ionia. Athens was also suffering from their defeat in 413 in Sicily. However, they survived and were quite tenacious.
Who wrote about the Peloponnesian war?
Thucydides famously claimed that the Spartans went to war in 431 BC "because they were afraid of the further growth of Athenian power, seeing, as they did, that the greater part of Hellas was under the control of Athens" Indeed, the fifty years of Greek history that preceded the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War had been marked by the development of Athens as a major power in the Mediterranean world. The Athenians did several things in the 50 years prior to the start of the war that made the Spartans feel they could not be trusted and would eventually try to conquer Sparta.
What impacts did the Peloponensian war have on later Greek civilizations?
What is the Peloponnesian war?
The Peloponnesian war was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens and its empire against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta. The Peloponnesian war reshaped the ancient Greek world.
What effect did the Peloponnesian war have on Athens and Sparta
How did the Peloponnesian war impact the greek-city states?
The Peloponnesian war was basically a greek civil war: Athens and its allies vs Sparta and its allies. although Sparta won, Greece as a whole was weakened and eventually conquered by tribal people of the north
Thucydides, an Athenian, wrote the history of the war between the Peloponnesians and the Athenians, beginning at the moment that it broke out, and believing that it would be a great war and more worthy of relation than any that had preceded it.
Why did the Sparta begin the Peloponnesian war with Athens?
The Peloponnesian War reshaped the Ancient Greek world. On the level of international relations, Athens, the strongest city-state in Greece prior to the war's beginning, was reduced to a state of near-complete subjection, while Sparta was established as the leading power of Greece. The economic costs of the war were felt all across Greece; poverty became widespread in the Peloponnese, while Athens found itself completely devastated, and never regained its pre-war prosperity.
How did the Peloponnesian war ended?
The war ended on 404 B.C. when Athens surrendered.
Facts about the Peloponnesian war
Sparta Won by blockading Athens.
Many Athens allies switched to Sparta's side.
Spartan soldiers were trained at the age of 7.
Sparta received aid from Persia near the end of the war.
It is the historical end of the greek golden age