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Design and Draw Midterm Review

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by

Michael Sweney

on 20 September 2016

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Transcript of Design and Draw Midterm Review

Introduction to Art
The
Elements of Art
are the "building blocks" of any art work.

The
Design Principles
are the rules for organizing the elements within an art work.

What are they?
"MEDIUM" refers to the materials used to create art- such as charcoal, paint, clay, graphite, etc.
"MEDIA" is the plural form of this word!
CREDIT LINE
Includes factual information about an art work such as the artist's name, medium, date, size, and location.
Example
DEFINE:

Realistic:
Art that is representational, with recognizable subject matter.


Abstract:
Art that is based on reality, but altered by the artist.


Non-objective:
Art that is non-representational, subject includes art elements only.



Art Elements
LINE
SHAPE
TEXTURE
VALUE
FORM
COLOR
SPACE


Design and draw
midterm review

Design Principles
MOVEMENT
RHYTHM
BALANCE
VARIETY
EMPHASIS
UNITY
HARMONY
PROPORTION


DEFINE:
Subject Matter:
The literal, visible image in a work of art (e.g. in a portrait, the subject is a person, in a landscape the subject is the land, etc).
What it is!

Content:
Symbolic or conceptual meaning in a work of art.
What it's about!

Composition:
The ways an artist uses the design principles to arrange the art elements in their work.
How it's organized!


What is the difference between applied art and fine art?
Applied Art:
Can have a practical, "day to day" function.
Fine Art:
Is created for decorative, conceptual, expressive or intellectual reasons as dictated by the artist.
Implied Line:
an incomplete line, which the viewer's eye connects.









LINE: Defined as a "moving point"
A line that has a thick and thin quality?

Accent Line (aka "Line Weight")
A Line that represents importance and stature?
Vertical
A Line that represents peace and calm?
Horizontal
CONTOUR LINE?
A Line that represents anxiety or danger?
Zig Zag
Defines the EDGES of a 3 dimensional form!
GESTURE DRAWING?
A quickly drawn sketch that emphasizes mass and volume rather than edges!
BLIND CONTOUR?
A slow drawing that enhances hand/eye coordination and observation skills!
PROPORTION: The design principle dealing with size relationships.
Foreshortening:
Distortion that happens when an object goes back in space.


Human Proportions:







BALANCE: The design principle dealing with the distribution of visual weight.

Symmetry:

FORMAL balance where design elements are IDENTICAL on either side of an axis






Approximate Symmetry:

Design elements are SIMILAR on either side of an axis, but not IDENTICAL.






Radial Symmetry:

Design elements flow outwards from a central point.






Asymmetry:

INFORMAL (casual) balance where design elements are DIFFERENT on either side of an axis.






Which has more "Visual Weight", warm or cool colors?
(WARM colors- they're brighter!)
5 basic types of lines:
Horizontal, Vertical, Diagonal, Curved, Zig Zag.
5 major ways lines can vary:
Length, Width, Texture, Direction, Degree of Curve
EMPHASIS: The design principle that describes elements that are dominant (stand out) in a composition. Also known as "focal point".
RULE of THIRDS:
A "rule of thumb" used by artists and photographers for placement of focal points to create visual tension!
GEOMETRIC:
Shapes related to math!

ORGANIC (aka "Free Form"):
Shapes related to nature!
free form
BASIC 3D FORMS
Isolation
Convergence
The Unusual
Location
Contrast
VALUE: Art element that shows the effects of light on a surface; the lightness or darkness of a color.
TONAL (aka "blended" or "graded") SHADING:
gradual change in value over a curved surface.
HIGHLIGHT: area of reflected light.
MIDTONE(S): "medium", mid-range values.
CAST SHADOW: darkest area where light is blocked.
CORE SHADOW: area slightly above reflected light.
Pen and Ink Shading Techniques
STIPPLE:
Shading with DOTS.
CROSS HATCH:
Shading with lines going opposite directions.
HATCH:
Shading with lines going the same direction.
SCUMBLE:
Shading with marks that go random directions.
FLAT SHADING:
Values that spread over a flat-planed surface.
*Average adult = 7.5 "Heads" Tall!
MOVEMENT: The design principle that refers to "eye flow" in a work of art!
Ways to create
EYE FLOW:
*Curving or diagonal lines

*Use of PATTERNS

*Repetition of a
COLOR or VALUE
VARIETY: The design principle that refers to DIFFERENCES in art elements (aka CONTRAST)!
Ways to create contrast/variety in an art work:

Light Color Next to Dark.

Pattern Next to Solid

Different Shapes

Different Lines
Art History Analyis Includes:

Description
Analysis
Interpretation
Judgement
A factual, detailed description of what you see in the piece.
A breakdown of how design principles were applied in the piece.
Your best guess at what the artist was trying to convey in the piece.
Your informed, educated opinion about the quality of the piece!
Full transcript