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Sound Techniques in Film

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Jessica Jin

on 7 February 2013

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Transcript of Sound Techniques in Film

Sound The main sound techniques used in film
fall under two main categories:
diegetic and non-diegetic.
Dubbing can fall under both,
and soundtracks are just
collaborations of the various music
from the featured film. Sound Techniques in Film Effects Effects in films are artificially or enhanced sounds that emphasizes or improves a scene. The production of sound effects in films uses many different disciplines including:
- Hard sound effects
- Background (BG) sound effects
- Foley sound effects Extra Diegetic Extra-diegetic sounds are the extra sound in films that don't originate from a prominent source. Sounds like birds tweeting and music coming from the radio of the car are extra diegetic sounds. Many of the sounds created by effects such as car door slamming also fall under extra-diegetic sounds. Non-Diegetic The non-diegetic sounds (commentary sounds) are the sounds whose source is neither visible on the screen nor has been implied to be present in the action. Most of the sound techniques in film such as voiceovers, theme music and background music are all non-diegetic sound techniques used in film. Theme Music Background Music Background music, also known as film score or incidental music, is original music composed specifically to accompany a film. The score usually will form part of the film's soundtrack which also usually includes dialogue and sound effects, and is comprised of a number of orchestral, instrumental or choral series called cues which are timed to begin and end at specific points during the film in order to enhance the dramatic narrative and the emotional impact of the scene. Theme music is a recognizable piece that is often written specifically for a film, and can be repeated throughout the film many times, usually during the intro, title sequence and/or ending credits. It is to establish a mood for the film. Examples would be the Mission Impossible theme which can be heard in every one of the four movies in the M:I franchise. Voiceovers Voiceover, also known as off-camera or off-stage commentary, is a production and sound technique where a voice that is not part of the corresponding footage is used in a film. It is usually pre-recorded and placed over the top of a film. Voiceovers are often used to create the effect of storytelling by a character. Dubbing Dubbing, also known as rerecording, is part of the post-production process used in filmmaking. It is the layering of sounds that synchronise with the recording of the existing footage. Usually, it would refer to the recording of dialogue in a different language over the original soundtrack, which can be observed when a different audio is selected. However, it does not restrict the extra layers to the typical pre- or post-recorded voices (such as for narration in films, or for the dialogue to be in a different language), but also includes the effects. Soundtrack There are five types of soundtrack recordings, four of which, are regularly used in film. Soundtrack of Les Misérables 1."Look Down" – Chain Gang, Javert, Valjean
2."On Parole" – Valjean, Bishop of Digne
3."Valjean Arrested, Valjean Forgiven"
– Bishop of Digne
4."Valjean's Soliloquy" – Valjean
5."At the End of the Day" – Poor, Foreman,
Workers, Factory Women, Fantine, Valjean
6."The Runaway Cart" – Valjean, Javert
7."Lovely Ladies" – Sailors, Old Woman,
Fantine, Crone, Whores, Pimp, Toothman
8."I Dreamed a Dream" – Fantine Soundtrack from Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl 1. Fog Bound (2:16) - The track begins with a light cello jig before descending into a plodding, suspenseful theme (00:28) that incorporates woodwinds later used to denote the Black Pearl and its cursed crew. The theme reaches a suspenseful climax (approx. 01:30) before leading into the film's love theme that continues until the end of the track. Soundtrack from Iron Man 2 1. Shoot to Thrill - Back in black (1980)
2. Rock 'n' Roll Damnation - Powerage (1978)
3. Guns for Hire - Flick of the Switch (1983)
4. Cold Hearted Man - Powerage (1978)
5. Back in Black - Back in Black (1980) Soundtrack for Romeo and Juliet (1968) Side One
1."Prologue" 2:46
2."What Is a Youth" 7:24
3."The Balcony Scene" 9:26
Side Two
1."Romeo & Juliet Are Wed" 3:00
2."The Death Of Mercutio And Tybalt" 3:36
3."Farewell Love Scene" 4:21 Diegetic Sounds Diegetic sound (actual sound) in film refers to the sounds whose source is visible on the screen, or whose source is implied to be present by the action. The sound techniques that fall under diegetic sound include effects, and the extra diegetic sounds.
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