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Indus River Valley Civilization

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abbie stacy

on 13 September 2012

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Transcript of Indus River Valley Civilization

Government Impact of Geography Large areas that streaches across present day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sr.Hanka , Bhutan, surrounding natural borders. The Indus Valley had a government
that was truly for the people. The government that the Indus Valley had was
for the people, and kept power because of it. The Indus River Valley had a strong govermment, as some of their cities had 40,000 people living in them at once. ("Indus River") Surroundings; natural borders consisted of mountains and the Arabian Sea, sheltering the civilization from attack and disease.Water from the river fertalized and irrigates crops. Proximity to the river. ("Woods Hole Oceanograpic Institution") Economy Agriculture, the development of widespread irrigation systems allowed the indigenous population to provide food for themselves. Wheat and Barley were primary crops, however rye, peas, and riee were also grown Advancement in tecgnology led to carts ands early boats that were used as the mainmethod of trade and travel. ("Indus River") - Indus River Civilization (India) By : Abbie Skyler & Makayla Society Indus Valley Civilization was an ancient society which envolved and thrived during the Bronze Age in North West region of India and it's subcontient. The civilsation was named after the river along the banks of which the civilization developed.( "Indus River") Settelment The Indus River carried lots of sediment that was rich for farming.
There was also good water supply and decent moist weather,
thats why they decided to settle in India. Geography and climate both played significant roles in the settlement and development
of anchient Indian civilization.
The first notable geographical feature is the Himilayan Mountains located in the northern portion of the Indian subcontinent that severs India from the rest of Asia:
preventing hostile invading forces and immigration into the subcontinent.
("Indus River") Building Structures Individual buildings for bathing and use the restroom had and early "sanitation" system,
Houses had one or two stories. Most buildings were made of dry bricks.
("Woods Hole Oceanograpic Institution") Civilization comes to an end The neighboring desert encroached on the fertile area and made it infertile.

Regular floods destroyed the area.

Aryan invaders killed people and destroyed the Indus Valley Civilization. The Harappan people were peace loving. They did not have weapons to attack others or to defend themselves. They had implements for hunting or farming. So they could not defend themselves against the invaders. The destruction of these people by Aryans was a sad event in history. The Aryans lived in villages and knew nothing of urban life. Thus it took hundred of years again for India to have beautiful cities like Mohen-jo-daro and Harappa. ("Indus River") Achievements of the Indus River Valley Civilization -Works Cited Page! "Indus River." WordNet 2.1. Princeton University. 09 Sept. 2012. <Word Source http://www.word.sc/Indus River> Web. 9 Sept. 2012 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. "Climate change led to collapse of ancient Indus civilization, study finds." ScienceDaily, 28 May 2012. Web. 9 Sept. 2012. " Scohen245." Youtube. Indus River. 18 Oct. 2009.< http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DLXJxemLEI4> Web 9 Sept. 2012 -Pictures ! ("Scohen245") ("IndusRiver") The Indus River originates in the Himalaya Mountains.
Irrigation has been a huge part in the economy of the Indus River Valley because it helps to grow food.
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were two ancient civilizations that were found to have lived around 3000 b.c. but India itself was populated around 2500 b.c. Further investigations show that the Indus River Valley covered an area a little bit bigger than Pakistan. ("Indus River")

India is a subcontinent

It is separated from Asia by the Himalaya, Hindu Kush, and the Karakorum mountains, some of the tallest mountain ranges in the world

The mountains to the north and the desert to the east were natural barriers

The people live off of farming on a fertile plain caused by the Indus and Ganges rivers, both rivers lead to the sea

The plain is called the Indo-Gangetic plain, which fills with silt when the river floods

The monsoon is the seasonal winds

In October-February, the monsoon blows dry winds.

In June-October, a moist monsoon causes flooding.

Without a summer monsoon, a catastrophic crop disaster occurs and people starve.

Earthquakes are suggested to be the end of the first civilization, they probably changed the course of the river, starving people, and could have destroyed cities. (" Indus River") Facts of the Indus River Valley Facts about the Economy The farmers in the Indus River Valley grew wheat, barley, beans, sesame, rice, bananas, black pepper, mustard, and cotton crops.
The farmers had to be careful because the floods of the Indus River could destroy all their crops and take away all the fertile soil. Because of this, the farmers used methods of irrigation to try and control the river's water.
They built dirt/earth walls and canals to keep the waters from washing away the fields.
To the north, where it was a dry plain, farmers domesticated cattle and water buffalo instead of growing crops. ("Indus River") Facts about Settlement Conclusion The Indus Valley people gave to the world its earliest cities, its town planning, its architecture in stone and clay, and showed their concern for health and sanitation. They built a scientific drainage system in their cities.



There is enough evidence to show that some of the early conceptions of Hinduism are derived from this culture. (" Indus River") Indus Valley comming to a end Aryans came in 1500bc and they were very destructive in nature not like indus valley civilization who were always had constructive minds. the indus valley civilization existed from 2500bc to 1750 bc. that means before aryans came the indus valley civilization was already finished 250 years ago. there are some historians that say that the indus river was flooded and due to that the indus valley civilization came to an end but in reality it was not possible that a flood destroys the whole civilization which was extended from uttar pradesh in the west to jammu and kashmir in north and to maharashtra in west. the actual reason which is more relabile answer than any other is that the indus valley civilization got extinct due to ecological factors. environmental and climatic factors like drying up of rivers,deforestation,soil sanity etc led to the decline of the greatest civilization.
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