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Transcript of Kingdoms Project
Heterotrophic Autotrophic or Heterotrophic Produce methane as part of the buffering system
between oxygen and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
Used by humans in biotechnology and other commercial applications Ecological Importance Ecological Importance Decompose organic matter Play a significant role in the completion of cycles of nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur and carbon Used to produce chemicals Cause disease Ecological Importance One of the primary decomposers Make it easier for plants to absorb water and minerals in soils that are dry and with low mineral concentration Some groups of ants, termites, and beetles cultivate fungi for food. There are also insects that deposit their eggs to growing fungi; they learned that the fungi can provide nutrients for their developing larvae Fungi can be the future natural alternative for pesticides and herbicides. Some fungi species are natural enemies of insects, weeds, mites, nematodes, and other fungi that cause crop disease. Ecological Importance In medicine, certain protists are used to study the relationship between chromosomal structure and aging. Multicellular protists (made up of lots of cells) such as slime molds provide valuable insight about the chemical signals used in more complex organisms to coordinate cellular activity. Ecological Importance Captures light energy from the sun and
converts it into sugars and starches for other
organisms to consume Photosynthesize and produce oxygen
from the CO2 in the atmosphere Ecological Importance Controlling populations Scavengers and decomposers
keep the Earth clean of decaying carcasses Waste and decomposing carcasses replenish nutrients in the Earth Cama- Clamalelus dromeglariuma Can survive in desert like environments like the camel Has the size and strength of a camel, but the cooperative temperament and wool production of a llama Primary Consumer- herbivore Fun Fact: the cama is a hybrid between a male dromedary camel and a female llama. Sulfur Tuft- Hypholoma fasciculare Common woodland mushrooms Grows prolifically in large clumps on stumps, dead roots or rotting trunks of broadleaved trees Decomposer "Fun" Fact: This mushroom is poisonous Saguaro Cactus-Carnegiea gigantea Desert
Smooth and waxy skin with two inch spines
Fun Fact: The average lifespan of the saguaro is 200 years Amoeba- Amoeba proteus Amoebas live in fresh water (like ponds and puddles), in salt water, in wet soil and in animals (including people)
The cytoplast inside the cell is able to change into different states
Fun fact: Amoeba move by changing the shape of their body Haloquadratum walsbyi Live in hypersaline waters
The cells possess a unique square shape
Fun fact: The Haloquadratum walsbyi is extremely difficult to cultivate in labs Tetnanus- Clostridium tetani Most commonly found in dense populated regions in hot, damp climates with soil rich in organic matter
Spores are very resistant to heat and usual antiseptics
Not so fun facts....
C. tetani causes tetanus and there are 4 clinical types. Incubation period ranges from 3-21 days, with an average of about a week. It has a fatality rate of 30%.
Generalized – (80%) Most common type. Toxins get distributed via lymphatic and vascular system and spread more widely and affect more nerves. First symptom is the characteristic lock jaw. It spreads and begins to affect the rest of your muscle, starting with the neck and moving to your back. This generalized muscle rigidity comes with reflex spasms as your body tries to respond to various stimuli. These spasms can cause fractures, tendon rupture and respiratory failure. Death from tetanus results from respiratory failure and cardiovascular instability. Other symptoms caused by autonomic dysfunction may include fever, sweating and high blood pressure. Recovery can take months but is usually complete unless complications occur.
Localized – Very uncommon. Patients with this clinical type experience muscle rigidity close to the site of injury. These contractions can persist for many weeks before disappearing. 1% fatality rate.
Cephalic – Form of localized disease that affects cranial nerves. It can happen after ear infections or head injuries. It affects cranial nerves so it can affect the muscles in your face (eyelid, tongue, lips, etc).
Neonatal – Form of generalized tetanus that occurs in newborn infants. Usually happens when the umbilical cord is cut with an unsterile instrument. There are some cultures where it is ritualistic to apply cow dung to the already cut umbilical cords of newborn infants. 90% fatality rate. Very common in developing countries.