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THE TIGER'S BRIDE

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Karen Griffiths

on 14 November 2018

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Transcript of THE TIGER'S BRIDE

THE TIGER'S BRIDE
Which picture fits?
A SISTER STORY
In pairs, consider the following:
- Points of similarity with Mr Lyon
- Points of difference with Mr Lyon
- Points of comparison with other stories from the collection
" If 'The courtship of Mr Lyon' highlights what is corrupt about the image of gender relations in the Beauty and the Beast tale, then 'The Tiger's Bride' seeks to alter the image from within the telling of the tale itself.
A Day - The Rational Glass
DO YOU UNDERSTAND THIS VIEW?
DO YOU AGREE?
York Notes say:
The tone of this version of 'Beauty and the Beast' is in complete contrast to the previous tale, as if Carter is somehow acknowledging the unsatisfactory nature of her other attempt at reworking the myth into a new form (see The Courtship of Mr Lyon). The narration is given this time to Beauty, and the reader immediately feels a sense that this is her story. She is not an idealised image of perfection. In this relationship, the daughter is attempting to cope with an inadequate father, but not from a sense of duty; this is a case of damage limitation.
Consider the first five paragraphs...
Discuss:
- Narrative voice
- Setting
- Tone
- Characterisation
- Comparisons with other stories in the collection
- Comparisons with other Gothic texts
Moving on...
- Consider the reference to rose and blossom. Similar or different to TCOML?
- Consider the reference to perfume - echoes of TBC? what can he smell of that needs so much camouflage? Secrets, masks, disguise.
DID YOU FIND THE PREP QUESTIONS ON MOODLE?

What do you think are the key Gothic elements to this story?
Setting: 'chill damp' 'withering candles' 'sunless landscape' 'cold as hell' 'archways' 'inhabited place' 'little natural light' 'decapitated willows'

The Supernatural/Dreams/The Imagination: 'the white rose, unnatural' 'he has the Devil's knack' 'white as snow' 'nothing human lives her'

Transgression: 'not my own face but that of my father' 'nothing about him reminded me of humanity'

Forbidden Knowledge (over-reaching): 'so much camouflage'

Blurring of Divisions Between Life and Death: 'cold as hell' 'not one thing living'

Blurring of Roles e.g Hero-Villain/Human-animal: 'the beast' 'two dimensional' 'he wears a mask' 'a growl and a roar'

The Satanic: cold as hell' 'he has the devils knack'

The Vampire: 'small, stifling darkened room'

The past & Inheritance: 'his whoring'- her Dad cheating on her mum 'my father abandoned me'

Class: 'christmas rose' 'my english nurse' 'nursemaids' 'wandering peasants'

Conflict & Revenge: 'the beast' 'his gaming' cheating on her mother

Women (innocent victim or dangerous predator): 'my father lost me' -victim 'rosy cheeks' 'pretty young lady' 'a virgin, and therefore men denied me rationality' 'could so easily leave me here' 'i was unaccustomed to nakedness'


- Consider the presentation of the father and then the introduction of the Beast. Where does our empathy lay? Consider physical description as well as action.
PRESENTATION OF CHILDHOOD AND PARENTING
- What judgements do we make of Beauty's father?
- Consider Beauty's memories of childhood - what does she understand as she travels to the Beast?
For now my own skin was my sole capital in the world and today I'd make my first investment
Compare the descriptions of the Beast's house to that of Mr Lyon and the Marquis.
Which would you say was the most intimidating?
The beast had chosen to live in an uninhabited place... echoes?
What do you make of the Beast's valet?
A male equivalent of the spaniel?

What quotes can you identify to evidence this?
What did you make of the Beast's request? Not marriage like the others?
What does Beauty do? How do you respond to her reaction?
...as if... he was ashamed of his own request...
I let out a raucous guffaw...
Compare this Beauty to the previous.
AIDAN DAY...
This girl/woman/Beauty is not being easily and lovingly transferred from girlhood into womanhood. She is making the shift apprehensively: her mind filled with the factual knowledge of sex on the one hand, the contrasting rhetorics of fear of animality and of superstition about sex on the other; together with an awareness of her own role as a flesh object in a commodity system and a determination to plat the game for all it was worth, since that was the hand she'd been dealt.
NOTHING HUMAN LIVES HERE...
What are your thoughts on Beauty's lady's maid?
Consider:
- The physical description
- Beauty's response
- What metaphorically she presents?
We surround ourselves...utility and pleasure...most gentlemen.
MIRROR, MIRROR ON THE WALL...
- Mirrors - what use in this story?
- Gather the references.
- Similar or different to other stories?
- Do mirrors show the real self?

To what extent does Gothic Literature present physical monstrosity as reflective of society's fears and problems?
By asking her to remove her clothes, he was symbolically asking her to relinquish her humanity so that she could transform into a Beast, and thus become his animal bride.
DO YOU AGREE?
IS THIS A TALE OF SELF UNDERSTANDING AND TRUTH?
I certainly meditated on the nature of my own state...
The heroine starts to understand the situation Carter has created in this mansion – everyone is somewhere on the spectrum between wild animal and clockwork automaton (LIT CHARTS)
- mirrors
- disguise and masks
-revelations
WHY DOES THE BEAST UNDRESS?
The tiger will never lie down with the lamb; he acknowledges no pact that is not reciprocal. The lamb must learn to run with the tigers.
WHY DOES BEAUTY NOW UNDRESS?
She refuses to be a lamb. The tiger reveals his animality beneath the human mask and she, asserting herself, does the same. Her stripping now does not place her as the object of the masculine gaze. It incorporates into her ...animality... which she has sought to mask. A Day
I felt I was at liberty for the first time in my life...
...cloaked and masked and once more, to all appearances, a man.
WHY DOES BEAUTY SEND HER FATHER THE MECHANICAL MAID?
I fixed the earrings in my ears...
Why now? What do the earrings represent? Has Beauty succumbed? Has she been subdued? Or is it quite the opposite?
DOES NAKEDNESS EQUATE TO VULNERABILITY? TRUTH? ANIMALISM? HUMANITY?
- I was flinching stark...
Without his livery ...a delicate creature...(the valet)
Why does the cloak change into rats?
HE WILL GOBBLE YOU UP...
What might Carter be suggesting in terms of sexuality and socialisation here?
His appetite need not be my extinction...
Discuss the ending.
WHAT HAPPENS?
WHY?
WHAT IS CARTER'S MESSAGE?
LINKS TO OTHER TEXTS?

So -

Mr Lyon = acceptance of gentleness and humanity
Tiger = acceptance of bestiality
?
In what sense is the tiger's room the bloody chamber?
CRITICAL RESPONSES
Patricia Duncker - Traditional fairy tales enshrine a sexist economy that ultimately, Carter is powerless to alter

Mefja Makinen - disagrees and argues that Carter proves that fairy tale rewrites demonstrate the change that history dictates.
Duncker:
I would suggest that all we are watching, beautifully packaged and unveiled, is the ritual disrobing of the willing victim of pornography...
Do you agree? Aidan Day doesn't, neither does Makinen who says:
Read the beasts as the projections of a feminine libido, and they become exactly that autonomous desire...
This analysis is on moodle
NAKEDNESS AND JEWELS?
Comparable with TBC?
FINALLY...
Recap again, what makes this tale GOTHIC.

What are the key points of comparison with other tales in the collection and your other texts?
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