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Scientific Revolution

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Chad Wiggins

on 24 April 2015

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Transcript of Scientific Revolution

Johannes Kepler
Kepler was the first to prove that mars was not moving a circle as he expected it to. Kepler demonstrated that the plants did not move in a circular motion, that they move in elliptical orbits. Kepler work helped prove Copernicus's theory that the plants orbit the sun. He became one of the first scientist to speak out in support of Copernicus. His ideas are still accepted by modern scientist today.
A New View of The World
The Scientific Revolution was a series of events that let to the birth of modern science. It began between the 1540's and the 1700's. Before the Scientific Revolution, people used ancient greek methods. After the Scientific Revolution, educated placed more importance observed and less on what they were told. Science was a particular way of gaining knowledge about the world. Theories on the other hand, were explanations on what scientist developed based on thier facts.
Roots of the Revolution
Aristotle's greatest contribution to science was the idea that people should observe the world carefully and draw logical conclusions. Ptolemy studied the skies, recorded his observation, and offered theories to explain what he saw. He was also a geographer who made the best map of his time. Rationalists were people who looked at the world in a rational, or reasonable and logical way.
Preserving Ancient Knowledge
Muslim scholars translated Greek writings into Arabic, and Arabic versions translated to Latin. Maimonides studied and wrote about Aristotle tried to unit his work with jewish ideas. Thomas Aquinas tried to unit the work of Aristotle with Christian ideas. Alchemy was the original version of chemistry.
Discoveries & Inventions
Nicolas Copernicus wrote the book that marked the beginning of the Scientific Revolution. This book was called On the Revolution of the Celestial Spheres. He was afraid of his theories being rejected. He studied the movements of the plants. He soon published his theories and the "Copernican system." This became the top discovery of the Scientific Resolution.
Scientific Revolution
Tycho Brahe
Galileo Galilei
Sir Isaac Newton
Tycho Brahe was a Danish astronomer, which spent most of his time studying the stars. He discovered the movement of the stars and planets. His discoveries help develop modern astronomy. Brahe soon had an amazing experience with the eclipse of the sun. In his second event, he made observations that proved the existing of astronomical tables about the positions of the stars and planets. Lastly, in his third event he observed a new star where no star was supposed to be. This tore apart the theory of stars, which were supposed to be perfect and unchanging. Tycho Brahe gained a reputation as an important astronomer after publishing his discovery.
Galileo was the first scientist to study the sky with a telescope. Galileo also discovered craters and mountains on the moon. He also discovered the moon around Jupiter. Galileo also developed the theory that the sun was the center of the solar system and we revolve around it. Galileo's greatest contribution to the development of science was the way he developed mechanics. Galileo set up experiments to test what he observed. He was also the first scientist to support his theories with experiments. Galileo also is remembered for being the father of experimental science.
Sir Isaac newton published a book on the scientific revolution. He was one of the greatest and most influential scientists who ever lived. Some of newtons ideas have proven so many times that they are no longer considered theories, but are laws. The first law is The Law of Gravity, the force that attracts an object to each other. Newtons other three laws are called The Laws of Motion, they describe how objects move in space. In conclusion newton described how the physical world-worked.
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek was the first person to use a microscope as a scientific instrument in the mid-1600s. In 1593, Galileo invented the thermometer, which are used to measure temperature. By 1608, Galileo built a telescope that was much more improved. An Italian scientist named Evangelista Torricelli invented the barometer in 1643. A barometer is a scientific instrument that measures air pressure. It is also used to help forecast the weather.
New Inventions
The Scientific Method
The Scientific Method is a step-by-step method for preforming experiments and other scientific research. The Scientific Method combines Francis Bacon's idea with Rene Descartes ideas. There are six steps in the Scientific Method. 1)Start a problem. 2)Gather information. 3) Form a hypothesis. 4) Test the hypothesis by performing experiments. 5) Record and analyze data gathered from the experiments. 6) Draw conclusions from the data collected.

Science and Government
Science and Society
Science and Religion
Francis Bacon and Rene Descartes had a huge effect on the Scientific Method. Francis Bacon was impressed by scientific method. He argued that science should be pursued in a systematic fashion. He also tried to get the king of England to provide money for his research. Published ideas in The Advancement of Learning. Rene Descartes believed that nothing should be accepted as true if it wasn't proven to be true. He also emphasized that people must use clear thinking and reason to establish proof.
Some of the most important effects that happen in the scientific revaluation had nothing to do with science. By the end of the scientific revolution many European thinkers had realized that Human reason, or logical thought, was a powerful tool. Philosophers decided to use reason when they considered society's problems like poverty and war. This led philosophers to look at the world in a new way. Scientist thought they could improve society by changing its government. Scientist began to think that there must be laws that governed human behaviors as well. This idea was a fundamental development of democratic ideas in Europe.

The growth of science led to having problems in the church. The main reason was because science was making people question the church. For instance, Copernicus's idea that the Earth orbited the sun questioned the church that the Earth is in the middle of the universe. All of this was illustrated by a trail. Galileo was put in a trail because he published a book that supported a view that planets orbit the sun. He is now remembered for opposing the Church teachings.
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