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Week 5: Food in Art

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Biljana Kroll

on 15 February 2016

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Transcript of Week 5: Food in Art

Food
ART
in
Food is an essential element of life itself but our relationship with food goes beyond simple survival.
Chauvet Cave, France, 32,000 BCE
Lascaux Cave, France, 15,000-10,000 BCE
Prehistoric Times
Food closely linked to art and ritual

Art invokes spiritual/magical forces
Rituals can be performed to ensure successful hunt of the featured animals.
OR
Homage given to earth and animal spirits.
Painted in a difficult to reach areas into caves
Painted from memory with amazing accuracy in detail and refinement
Focused on energy,movement,no backgrounds
Materials:tar,charcoal, rust
Modern Times

Formal qualities: value painting, almost as a documentary photography

Sympathizing with the pigs
Criticizing of the Western meat diet

A statement against the contemporary food industry

Exposing fast food and modern lifestyles and vices
Sue Coe, There is No Escape, 1987
Andy Warhol, Heinz 57 Tomato Ketchup and Del Monte Freestone Peach Halves. Silk screen on wood, 1964
Mass-produced food as subject matter

Statement about our society that recognizes packages more than food in it's natural state
Before
After
Wayne Thiebaud, Pie Counter,1963
Subject matter:
Mass-produced food as visual display, a pop culture item

Deals with the bountifulness of sugary, fatty food, standardization, bright colors of modern food
Formal qualities:
Rhythm, unity, use of complementary colors
Mu-Qi, 6 Persimmons,1269
Reflects Zen Buddhism - emphasizing importance of meditation and simplicity in life as a way of obtaining enlightenment.



Formal qualities:
quick, simple shapes and lines, use of value and overlapping, asymmetrical balance, focal point.

Negative space balances the persimmons
Still life with dishes, Amedee Ozenfant, 1920

Living in the Industrial Age many painters became supporters of mass production.

Still-lives without any kind of personal interpretation,
lacking human to drink from the vessels.

Analytical cubism was about analyzing the form




Jan Davidsz De Heem, A Table of Desserts, 1640
Subject matter: opulent display of half-eaten fruits, deserts. Musical instruments and other earthly delights also featured

Vanitas - Impermanence of all earthly things and the inevitability of death
Women at the Fountain House, Greek water vessel (hydria) 520-510 AD
Water as the most valued and essential substance

Women featured in movement almost as a film strip going around

Formal qualities:
Rhythm of lines, patterns and curved shapes.
CUBISM
The Cubist painters rejected the inherited concept that art should copy nature, or that they should adopt the traditional techniques of perspective, modeling, and foreshortening.

It was created by Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881–1973) and Georges Braque (French, 1882–1963) in Paris between 1907 and 1914.

- Reduced and fractured objects into geometric forms that are reassambled,
- Shallow, relief-like space.
- Multiple or contrasting vantage points.

It revolutionized the idea of what is considered fine art
Synthetic Cubism
Using collage technique of pasting various materials and using them to symbolically represent objects instead of painting the objects themselves.
Claes Oldenburg, Floor burger, 1962
Claes Oldenburg, Floor cake, 1962
Oldenburg's soft sculptures explore different identities of form through changes of scale, material or environment
- The soft, pliant, and colorful sculptures challenged the convention that sculpture has to be rigid
- The subject matter and colossal scale infused humor and whimsy into the often sober space of fine art.
- It also represented his reflection on contemporary American life as an immigrant child
Giant BLT (Bacon, Lettuce, and Tomato Sandwich), 1963. Vinyl, kapok fibers, painted wood, and wood,
Appropriation Art
Using pre-existing objects or images with little or no transformation applied to them

To properly adopt, borrow, recycle or sample aspects (or the entire form) of human-made visual culture
Lichtenstein rendered his Still Lifes in flat, outlined shapes that were inspired by newspaper and print advertisements.

- mass-produced appeal
- flat color
- refelction of pop culture

Roy Lichtenstein's Still Life series
1970s-1980s
Ancient Greece and Roman Art
Trompe L'Oeil Mosaics
Hadrian's Villa, Tovolli, 1BCE

Showing scraps of food from a feast
Gods and Goddesses
Bacchuss
Ceres
Diana
Symbol of joy,balancing the inner chi
Used to wish sucessfull business or in combination with other fruits to create new meaning
Middle Ages
Borrowing images from pagan sources
Joos van Cleve, Virgin and Child, 1525
Marriage
Fertility
“This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you” (Luke 22,20)
Symbol of Holy Trinity
Apple - Mallum - Evil
Food Symbolism
1700s Still-life paintings
Impressionism
and Post- Impressionism
Paul Cezanne
Henri Matisse
Vincent Van Gogh
Stefan Sagmeister
FOOD AS ART
"Self-confidence produces fine results"
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