Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Chapter 1: People in Motion

No description

Katie Truax

on 6 September 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Chapter 1: People in Motion

The First Americans
-How old is civilization?
-Ice Age to Stone Age: Paleo-Indians 12, 000-15,000 ya
-Simple tools, Clovis points, hunting and gathering
-Controversy? http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/11/oldest-stone-tools-americas-claimed-chile
-Large mammal extinctions: over hunting, climate change, disease: http://archaeology.org/news/3610-scientists-say-overkill-hypothesis-confirmed
-Archaic Era: 9000 to 3000 years ago: which dates?
-Shaping the environment: burning underbrush, agriculture, irrigation
-5000 BCE: fixed agricultural communities in Mexico
-Urbanization, culture, art, engineering
Early Peoples
-Mexica to Aztec: 1300-1521 CE
-Tenochtitlán: 300,000; empire: 371 city-states
-Chinampas, cleanliness
-Stratified society, reliance on slaves, extensive trade
-Warfare as ritual
Columbian Exchange
-Wealth of the Americas: gold, silver, pearls, dyes, cacao
-Spain: most powerful empire, 16th century
- "Fit to be ordered about, and made to work, plant, and do everything else that may be needed, and build towns, and be taught our customs."
--Sanitation and disease: http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2014/03/native-americans-didnt-wipe-europeans-diseases/
-Conquistadores: How did Cortés conquer the Mexica?
-New Spain: The Black Legend: indictment of Spanish cruelty toward natives: Bartolome de las Casas: http://www.mainlesson.com/display.php?author=morris&book=samerican&story=cruelty
-Massive colonial government and influence from Catholic Church: conversions and control
-Encomienda economic system: vassals provide labor and noblemen provide for spiritual welfare
-50 million to 4 million indigenous population by 17th century in New Spain
European Civilization in Turmoil
-Renaissance, Reformation, and state building
-Luther: indulgences, salvation from belief, believers should read the Bible
-Calvin: the Elect, the presbytery
-Why is considering these religious views important?
-Economic control shift: Italy, Belgium, Amsterdam
-New economic practices and capitalism
-Black Death
-Printing, engraving, book industry, visual culture
-Technology: ships, cannons, navigation
-Ferdinand and Isabella, Spanish Inquisition
-Islam in Spain, reconquista
Thank you!
Chapter Overview
-Encounters between Europeans and people of the Americas and Africa
-Complicated interactions between cultures, economies, and the Columbian Exchange
-Different exploring countries: different regions and assumptions

-Beginning of common Atlantic history
European Colonization
-Portugal: West Africa and Brazil: sugar and slaves
-Spain: South America to southwest North America: silver
-France: Canada and Caribbean: furs, sugar and tobacco plantations
-England: North America
-Fishing and furs: France: Northwest Passage, Quebec
-Relationships with natives: dependence, intermarriage, missionaries
-England: Virginia: Latecomers due to wool, succession (http://www.primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk/tudors/religion.htm), Ireland
-Expulsion and plantation
-Elizabeth I: 1558: Spain was a threat to the realm: The Armada victory
-Privateers and financing of exploration
-Sir Walter Raleigh, July 1585: Roanoke, Virginia: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/12/131208-roanoke-lost-colony-discovery-history-raleigh/
Chapter 1: People in Motion
The Atlantic World to 1590
West African Worlds
-Socially complex societies with cultural and religious diversity
-Trade with Europe since port of Carthage (814 BCE)
-Songhai Empire (1370-1591 CE): agricultural with urban centers, organized military, bureaucracy
-Timbuktu: Islamic university
-Igbos: smaller, autonomous villages: egalitarian
-Matrilineal vs. patrilineal
-Animism, ancestor worship, monotheism
-Islam became dominant religion of trade centers
-Portugal and West Africa: Prince Henry the Navigator, Vasco de Gama: trade and forts
-Madeiros, Azores, Cape Verde Islands: Canary Islands and the Guanche people
-Slavery in Africa: not permanent or hereditary
"European involvement in the African slave trade transformed the centuries-old institution into one of the most exploitative labor systems in world history."
-Visions of America, pg. 22

Indians, Fransiscans, and Spanish Colonization: The impact of the mission system on California Indians,
Jackson and Castilla, Page 3
-Mound builders: Hopewell, Adena and Great Serpent Mound
-Mississippians: 800 - 1500 C.E.: Cahokia
-Complex trade system, sophisticated technology
-15,000 people at height, vanished after 1400
"Proud of itself
is the city of Mexico-Tenochtitlán
Here no one fears to die in war.
This is our glory...."
-Anasazi - no rigid class structure, war for self-defense
-Pueblo Bonito in Chaco Canyon: largest human dwelling until modern apartment buildings
-Trade and irrigation
-Eastern woodlands: grouped by language: Algonquian, Iroquoian, Muskogean
-Differences in housing, lifestyles, governance
-Iroquois Confederacy founded in 1142: Great Law of Peace
Full transcript