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Congress of Vienna (1814-1815)

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Alexandre Caron

on 13 November 2012

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Transcript of Congress of Vienna (1814-1815)

Congress of Vienna By Alex Caron, Silvestre The Congress of Vienna was held from September of 1814 to June of 1815. international conference needed to create a balance between European powers to prevent future wars from starting and maintaining peace and stability to every European continents. The members of the Congress were all afraid of France because of Napoleon's great army, so they created strong border states. The Congress of Vienna was one of the most important international summits of European history; it determined the future boundaries of Europe, boundaries that still impact Europe today. The major powers of the day dominated negotiations. Each nation had its own goals. Prussia wanted to enlarge its territory. Russia wanted Poland, but it also wanted "collective security". And Austria and Britain simply wanted a balance of power that would maintain stability and the status in Europe. Although the French Revolution and Napoleonic Rule spread the forces of modernization and change, the Congress of Vienna, which determined the future of Europe beyond Napoleon, was dominated by members of the old regime and aristocracy. Important People:

Though the conference opened with a series of glittery balls and conferences, the delegates soon got down to work. Mainly, the four major powers of Europe (Austria, Russia, Prussia, and Great Britain) were left to make most of the big decisions. Austria sent Prince Klemens von Metternich, the Austrian minister of State who was also acting as a president of the Congress. The Russian Empire was represented by Alexander I, the emperor of Russia. The main delegate from Prussia was Prince Karl August von Hardenberg, and Great Britain was represented by Lord Castlereagh, and later Arthur Wellesley, the first duke of Wellington. This group of major powers decided that France, Spain, and the smaller powers would have no voice in important decisions. However, the
French diplomat, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand, was successful in allowing France to have an equal voice in the negotiations. Talleyrand became the deciding vote in many of the decisions. Alexander I Hardenberg Castlereagh Arthur Wellesley Charles Maurice de Talleyrand Important Decisions:

France was deprived of all territory conquered by Napoleon. The French monarchy was restored under the rule of Louis XVIII. Austria was given back most of the territory it had lost and was also given land in Germany and Italy (Lombardy and Venice). Russia got Finland and claimed control over the new kingdom of Poland. Prussia was given much of Saxony and important parts of Westphalia and the Rhine Province. Britain got several strategic colonial territories, and they also gained control of the seas. The Dutch Republic was united with the Austrian Netherlands to form a single kingdom of the Netherlands under the House of Orange. Norway and Sweden were joined under a single ruler. Switzerland was declared neutral and Spain was restored under Ferdinand VII Ferdinand VII Louis XVIII As an ideology, conservatism, like liberalism, was a modern product, the reaction to the French Revolution. It consisted of two aspects, as a political program, and as an ideology thought. As a political program, it was decided at the series of congresses held at Vienna to deal with post-Napoleonic France and redraw the boundaries of Europe which had been changed by the French Revolution and Napoleon. At these congresses, the Concert of Europe (Quadruple Alliance, 1815) of Britain, Austria, Prussia, and Russia, started 1) the “balance of power” politics in Europe and 2) policed smaller European states. Impact of French Revolution impact of Nationalism Nationalism and new nation states were basically ignored.The purpose of the Congress was to settle - amicably between the Great Powers - territorial claims and boundaries in Europe following the end of the Napoleonic Wars. Effects of nationalism Nationalism also played a new way of controlling Europe without a hassle; for it been causing dissatisfaction since the congress of Vienna in 1815. In that settlement the preservment of peace was chosen over nationalism. Now Germany and Italy were left as divided states, though they unified in the future of WWI and WWII Thank You For Watching Any Questions?
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