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THE NOBEL PRIZE FOR CHEMISTRY

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Emily Green

on 15 October 2015

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Transcript of THE NOBEL PRIZE FOR CHEMISTRY

Nomination is by invitation only. The names of the nominees and other information about the nominations cannot be revealed until 50 years later.
"for mechanistic studies of DNA repair"
The only Nobel Laureate who has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry twice, in 1958 and 1980.
"The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: /- - -/ one part to the person who shall have made the most important chemical discovery or improvement ..."
Nomination and Selection
Frederick Sanger
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2015
British biochemist
In 1958, he was awarded a Nobel Prize in chemistry "for his work on the structure of proteins, especially that of insulin".
In 1980, Walter Gilbert and Sanger shared half of the chemistry prize "for their contributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids".

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2015 was awarded jointly to:
Tomas Lindahl
Paul Modrich
Aziz Sancar
$-.-
Friday, October 16, 2015
Vol I, No. 1
The second prize area Nobel mentioned in his will
172 Nobel Laureates since 1901
collection of processes by which a cell identifies and corrects damage to the DNA molecules that encode its genome.
DNA Repair
THE NOBEL PRIZE FOR CHEMISTRY
107
Nobel Prizes in Chemistry have been awarded between 1901 and 2015.
63
Chemistry Prizes have been given to one Laureate only.
4
women have been awarded the Chemistry Prize so far.
1
person, Frederick Sanger, has been awarded the Chemistry Prize twice, in 1958 and in 1980.

From the will of Alfred Nobel
Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar (from left to right.
The DNA repair ability of a cell is vital to the integrity of its genome and thus to the normal functionality of that organism. Many genes that were initially shown to influence life span have turned out to be involved in DNA damage repair and protection.
Full transcript