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Millenium Development Goals

unfinished
by

Whitney Soble

on 17 August 2010

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Transcript of Millenium Development Goals

Goal 1: Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women

Goal 4: Reduce child mortality rate
Goal 5: Improve maternal health
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases

Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development
Millennium Development
Goals Goal 5: Improve maternal health Target 5a: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio
maternal mortality ratio
proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel
Target 5b: Achieve universal access to reproductive health by 2015
contraceptive prevalence rate
adolescent birth rate
antenatal care coverage
unmet need for family planning

Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases Target 6a: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
HIV prevalence among pregnant women aged 15-24 years
condom use rate of the contraceptive prevalence rate
condom use at last high-risk sex
percentage of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
contraceptive prevalnce ratio
ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years

Target 6b: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
prevalence and death rates associated with malaria
proportion of population in malaria-risk areas using effective malaris prevention and treatment measures
prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis
proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment Short Course) successes:

Bangladesh, Bolivia, Eritrea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malawi, Mongolia and Nepal:
reduced under-five mortality rates by 4.5 per cent annually or more

Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique and Niger:
absolute reductions of more than 100 per 1,000 live births since 1990
challenges ahead:

among the 67 countries with high child mortality rates (40+ deaths per 1,000 live births), only 10 are on track to meet the MDG target on child survival

in 2008, one in seven children in sub-Saharan Africa died before their fifth birthday

in Western and Central Africa, one in six children died before age five (169 deaths per 1,000 live births)

Sub-Saharan Africa accounted for half of the 8.8 million deaths in children under five worldwide in 2008

Goal 4: Reduce child mortality rate Target 4a: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate
under-five mortality rate
infant (under one) mortality rate
proportion of one-year-old children immunized against measles Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) In 2008, coverage reached 81 per cent in developing regions as a whole, up from 70 per cent in 2000

as of 2008, a total of 132 countries used a two-dose schedule routinely

between 2000 and 2008, improved routine immunization coverage and the provision of a second-dose opportunity led to a 78 per cent reduction in measles deaths globally—from 733,000 in 2000 to 164,000 in 2008

funding for measles-control activities has recently declined, and many countries are confronting funding gaps for immunization campaigns

without supplementary immunization activities in these countries, mortality will rebound to 1.7 million measles-related deaths between 2010 and 2013 child mortality maternal
health disease the proportion of women receiving skilled assistance during delivery rose from 53 per cent in 1990 to 63 per cent in 2008

progress was especially dramatic in northern Africa and southeastern Asia, with increases of 74 per cent and 63 per cent, respectively

southern Asia also progressed, although coverage there, as well as in sub-Saharan Africa, remains inadequate in all regions, the adolescent birth rate (the number of births per 1,000 women aged 15 to 19) decreased between 1990 and 2000

since then, progress has slowed and, in some regions, increased

the highest birth rate among adolescents is found in sub-Saharan Africa, which has seen little progress since 1990 External funding for family planning in constant 2008 US dollars declined during the first few years of this decade and has not yet returned to its 2000 level. satisfying current unmet need for contraception could result in a 27 per cent drop in maternal deaths each year by reducing the annual number of unintended pregnancies from 75 million to 22 million

preventing closely spaced pregnancies and pregnancies among adolescents would also improve the health of women and girls and increase the chances that their children will survive

the unmet need for family planning remains moderate to high in most regions, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, where one in four married women aged 15 to 49 who have expressed the desire to use contraceptives do not have access to them US strategy to meet MDGs:

leverage innovation
invest in sustainability
track development outcomes, not just dollars
enhance the principle and the practice of mutual accountability globally, the spread of HIV appears to have peaked in 1996, when 3.5 million people were newly infected; by 2008, that number had dropped to an estimated 2.7 million

AIDS-related mortality peaked in 2004, with 2.2 million deaths

sub-Saharan Africa remains the most heavily affected region, accounting for 72 per cent of all new HIV infections in 2008 young people (aged 15-24) accounted for 40 per cent of new HIV infections among adults worldwide in 2008

less than one third of young men and less than one fifth of young women in developing countries claim correct and comprehensive knowledge about HIV

the lowest levels (8 per cent) are found among young women in Northern Africa, according to surveys undertaken between 2003 and 2008; these levels are well below the 2010 target of 95 per cent set at the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS in 2001
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