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Project Algeria

algeria
by

Bethany Yeh

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of Project Algeria

ALGERIA A) The capital of Algeria is Algiers. Oran is the second largest city in Algeria. Oran is one of the busiest port cities in Algeria.800,000 people live in Oran. Annaba is the third largest city in Algeria. Annaba is an industrial center and a busy port.Annaba is a site of early hominid occupation and artifacts dating to 200,000 BC have been found in the area. by Bethany Yeh and Scott Gold The capital of Algeria is Algiers, which is the first largest city. Oran is the second largest city in Algeria. Oran is one of the busiest port cities in Algeria with 800,000 people live in Oran. Annaba is the third largest city in Algeria and is an industrial center and a busy port. It is also a site where early hominid occupation and artifacts dating to 200,000 BC have been found in the area. Capital and Other Major Cities Major Languages in Algeria are Arabic (official), French, Berber. Arabic is spoken by about 72% of the population while Berber is spoken by about 27% of the population. Major Languages in Algeria Breakdown of Religion Religion in Algeria is dominated by mostly Muslims. 99% of the population is Muslim. There are also almost 50,000 Christians. There are nearly 1,000 Jews in Algeria, who mostly live in Béjaia. Arab and Berber are the main languages in Algeria. The major religion is Islam. Out of the Muslims in Algeria, less that 1% of are Shia muslims. Type of Government A unique culture of Algeria would be their music. The musical genre of Algeria is best known as Rai. Rai is a sort of pop music and folk music collaborated together. It features stars such as Khaled and Cheb Mami. Chaabi style music also remains very popular. The stars of Chaabi music, El Hadj El Anka and Dahmane El Harrachi, become well known on the local music scene. Andalusi music is another type of music which is classical, brought from Al-Andalus by Morisco refugees, is still played in many older towns. Culture of Algeria Algeria is a Republic. In Algeria there is a representative democracy in which the people elect representatives, not the government itself. This is like when citizens of the United States elect senators. Culture of Algeria (continued) Algeria has a thriving handicrafts industry. A good part of the country has great production. They produce carpets, ceramics, leather, lutes, pottery, glass, and silverwork. The country has a tremendous variety of skills that produce goods which are sold in many other countries, as well as to visiting tourists. Algeria’s eating ways are unique too. Urban families eat main meals together, but by ritual or tradition men and women eat separately . In many Urban homes the father serves the meat and each person takes portion of the other foods from serving dishes. The oldest is served first .Their meals are followed by tea. Culture of Algeria (continued) A Timeline continued In 1971 Algeria nationalized French oil companies. In 1973 OPEC announced that it was cutting back on exports of oil to Japan and Western Nations. This turned into an oil embargo for about three months. This caused the price of oil to quadruple. Algeria signed a secret deal with China for the fabrication of the 15MW Es Salam reactor at Ain Oussera. It came online in 1993. During the 1980s, Islamic fundamentalism became a much stronger movement. This caused riots several times. In 1988 there was a four day PLO meeting, during which the delegates proclaimed a Palestinian state. The government of Algeria declared a state of emergency to quell spreading Muslim fundamentalist unrest in 1992. Mohammad Boudiaf was killed in 1992, while he was the president, by his body gaurd. In July 2001, President Abdelaziz Bouteflika became the first Algerian President to visit the White House since 1985. CONCEPTS Current state of unrest or lack of violence Three people have been killed and hundreds have been injured in continuing protests in Algeria, as the government meets to discuss ways of stopping the rising food costs and unemployment that have sparked the unrest. At least 300 of the 400 people injured in the riots were police officers. Dahou Oul Kablia, Algeria's interior minister, presented this news on national radio on Saturday. One of the three people killed was named as 18-year-old Azzedine Lebza. He was shot dead in Ain Lahdjel in the M'Sila region, 300km from Algiers. He died in an attempt to break into a police station. A second demonstrator was killed on Friday in Bou Smail, a small town 50km west of Algiers. He was picked up in the street, wounded. A pathologist said he had died from wounds to the head, but the cause of death has not yet been established. A medical officer identified him as 32-year-old Akriche Abdelfattah who had been hit in the face by a tear gas canister. The third body was found in a hotel burned down by rioters. Relationship with other countries Algeria and the U.S. have become better allies since, about, 2001. President Abdelaziz Bouteflika became the first Algerian President that has visited the White House in 16 years. There have been many meetings between America and Algeria since then.In the 1990’s, Israel established peace with many countries in the Middle East and in Asia. Algeria did not even consider having peace with Israel until 1999, when President Abdelaziz Bouteflika met Israeli Prime Ehud Barak. They met at the funeral of Moroccan King Hasan II. Algeria did not try to fix relations with Israel for so long, because Israel collaborated with France in the 1950’s, when Algeria was trying to become its own nation. Algeria joined the League of Arab States following its independence in 1962. Algeria is supporting the Palestine Liberation Organization. Algeria supported Yasir Arafat’s, the leader of the main faction in the PLO, decision to create a peace treaty with Israel, in 1993. Algeria is a supporter of the PLO. Current economic situation in Algeria Algeria's main economic trade partners, apart from the EU, are the USA, China and Turkey.
Hydrocarbons (oil and gas) are the engine of the Algerian economy, providing about 65% of public revenues, 26% of the gross domestic product (GDP), and 98% of export earnings
The Algerian economy is largely based on hydrocarbons, and the country is a significant source of petroleum for the United States and of natural gas for Europe.
U.S. exports to Algeria totaled $1.13 billion in 2010, and U.S. imports
From Algeria reached $13.29 billion in 2010
They are somewhat prosperous. They make over $12 billion from just America, they are obviously prosperous.
Economics reflect part of the current political state, because if they are a rich government they probably have enough money to make changes in their laws and rules. When their citizens are opposing them, they should be able to change their laws accordingly, to make everyone happy. Western influence There is some western influence in Algeria. The Algerian cities are a mix of Western influence and Arabic tradition. All marriages used to be prearranged. While many still are, not all marriages are arranged by one’s parents. Women were just getting rights in 1948, in Algeria, while the U.S. gave them freedom over twenty years earlier. This is evidence of Algeria becoming more and more like America, albeit slowly. Projections for your country’s future We approximate that the sector saw real increase of 3.2% in 2009, down from 7.0% in 2008 and 16.6% in 2007. Nevertheless, the fact that the sector has managed to maintain a optimistic increase marks it out from numerous other countries, which have experienced severe recessions in construction output over the last year. Algeria sits at the top of the regional rankings in our newly updated Business Environment table. The Algerian construction business grew at a CAGR of 14.33% over the review period, led by the housing and infrastructure construction markets. With huge reserves of oil and natural gas, Algeria has developed good trade relations with numerous developed nations, which, by improving employment and income levels, led to growth in the commercial construction market. This shows that the economy is being repaired. A Timeline of Events In March 1954, 9 Algerian rebels formed a revolutionary committee, the FLN. They started fighting for their independence in November that year. Algeria gained its independence in 1962. Ahmed Ben Bella was declared the premier once Algeria won its independence. Ahmed was killed in 1965. Houari Boumedienne replace Ahmed as the premier. He modified the socialist policies, while he focused most of his effort on removing unemployment and illiteracy In 1962 there was a fire, called “The Devil’s Cigarette Lighter”, that burned for 6 months, until it was put out by Red Adair, a firefighter from Houston, Texas that served in WWII. In 1964 the last French troops left Algeria. In 1971 Algeria nationalized French oil companies. In 1973 OPEC announced that it was cutting back on exports of oil to Japan and Western Nations. This turned into an oil embargo for about three months. This caused the price of oil to quadruple. Algeria signed a secret deal with China for the fabrication of the 15MW Es Salam reactor at Ain Oussera. The announcement came online in 1993. During the 1980s, Islamic fundamentalism became a much stronger movement. This caused riots several times. In 1988 there was a four day PLO meeting, during which the delegates proclaimed a Palestinian state. The government of Algeria declared a state of emergency to quell spreading Muslim fundamentalist unrest in 1992. Mohammad Boudiaf was killed in 1992, by his body gaurd, while he was the president. In July 2001, President Abdelaziz Bouteflika became the first Algerian President to visit the White House since 1985 Bibliography "Algeria  ." The 2011 Legatum Prosperity Index. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2012. <http://www.prosperity.com/country.aspx?id=DZ>.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algeria%E2%80%93United_States_relations The General Civil Aviation Authority of the UAE signs an Air Services Agreement for Algeria. Algerian Pastry with tea, bottom right Houari Boumedienne Red Adair Muhammad Boudiaf President Abdelaziz Bouteflika Dear God, Help Us YOLO
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