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Rationing on the Homefront:WWII

What kind of measures the U.S. took to save goods and materials for the war force and how it affected America during WWII.
by

Hayley Hicks

on 2 November 2012

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Transcript of Rationing on the Homefront:WWII

Rationing in the United States of America during WWII What is Rationing?

Rationing is a system that controls the amount of scarce resources, goods, and services a person can get.






The importance of rationing during WWII was so that the troops would have the materials and goods they needed for war such as weapons, ammunition, gas masks, and explosives. rationed Items
gasoline
typewriters
tires
cars
bicycles
processed food
meats, canned fish
rubber "V" is for Victory Victory Gardens fuel oil and kerosine
solid fuels
stoves
rubber footwear
shoes
coffee
sugar
cheese, canned milk, fats Victory gardens are public and private gardens where people could grow their own fruit and vegetables so there would be more for the troops. Ration Books and stamps WWII Ration books had removable stamps where civilians could redeem for rationed goods such as sugar, meat, cooking oil, and canned goods. Meals were planned carefully because once you ran out of stamps, you would not be able to buy anymore rationed goods for the rest of that month. Wartime Cookery Rationing became a big deal, especially when it came to meals. There was even a "War Time" edition to the American Women's Cookbook. The edition contained many revised recipes and advice for dealing with food shortages. Copyright:1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942 Edited and revised by Ruth Berolzheimer, Director, Culinary Arts Institute
Published for the culinary Arts Institute by Consolidated Book Publishers, Inc., Chicago One of the many helpful inserts included in books similar to the
American Women's Cookbook was how to feed a family of 5 on
$15.00 a week! So, how do you
Feed a Famly of 5 on 15.oo dollars a week??? Save ALL Fats and Oils Simple Desserts Can Jellies, Jams, Preserves. Save every ounce of fat; use what you need for cooking and take the rest to your meat dealer, who will pay you for it. These reclaimed fats are not used for food but in the manufacture soap. Fat to be sold to the meat market must be clear and free from water or other liquid. Keep a container near the stove with a fine wire strainer in the top. Pour melted fat through the strainer to remove bits of meat or crumbs... Elaborate desserts are out of place in wartime; use fresh fruit or crackers and cheese frequently. Simple desserts such as custards, ice creams, steamed puddings and fruit cobblers may be made with an equal amount of extracted honey, brown sugar, maple sugar, corn sirup or maple sirup instead of white sugar. The family with its own garden will want to use every available method to preserve for future use what they do not consume at once. Most vegetables and fruits may be canned, pickled or preserved in some form. 3 Tips to feed your family in more detail. Farming Equipment Sears, Roebuck and Co. The 1943 Catalog contained a list of all rationed farm equipment.

Along with the benefits and reasons of rationing.

Also explained who was eligible. Rationed Farm Equipment. All included in the Sears, Roebuck, and Co. 1943 Catalog Planting, seeding, and fertilizing machinery

Plows and Listers

Harrows, Rollers, and Pulverizers.

Cultivators and Weeders

Sprayers, Dusters, and Orchard
Heaters. Harvesting Machinery (width of
cut 6 ft. and under)

Haying Machinery

Tractors (Special Purpose 32 h.p
and under. Also by wheel size.)

Irrigation equipment (Turbine pumps
0-1,200GPM. All belt driven) Reasoning for rationing As stated in the catalog. --Even chicken wire was rationed during
the war times. That over 75% of steel during that time was being used for war purposes. Only a small portion of the remaining 25% could be used for manufacturing farm equipment. Due to that fact, all heavy farm implements were to be rationed by the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. Who was eligible to buy rationed equipment? Any person who uses farm machinery for the production or care of crops, livestock, livestock products, or other produce on a farm is eligible to apply to the farm rationing committee for a purchase certificate.

The applicant must provide the following: Applicant Requirements Must prove that present machinery cannot handle planned production.

Must prove that repairing old machines or by renting equipment would still not meet production needs.

That the new machinery would preform services in excess of the average services preformed by the same kind of machinery in use by the community. **All applications were competitive, and were judged beside all other applicants!** Sample application. sample purchase certificate
for a rationed item. Created By: Hayley Hicks & Zack Hartley
11-02-2012 3rd Pd. Who rationing Concerned ... In the spring of 1942, food rationing program was put into action. Rationing was expected to deeply change the American way of life for most.

Although rationing may not have been preferred, it was not set to make the American life worse during the war.

The government found it necessary to control the supply and demand. There for rationing was enacted to prevent dangerous public shortages and not to allow only the wealthy to obtain necessities. --Most parents were engaged in "war work", so children had to become familiar with using the rationing system in order to help with the family shopping. Campaign Posters Rationing Posters were intended to keep public spirits up and encourage them to comply without complications. Victory Suit Zoot suit VS. "patriotic"
less fabric
short jacket
narrow trousers
narrow lables
less buttons
no vest
no cuffs "unpatriotic"
baggy pants
excessive material
long jacket
padded shoulders
wide labels items difficult to obtain Cigarettes
pillows and bed sheets
metal
chocolate
candy bars
nylon
some spices
butter
things containing rubber Sources: A soldier with two men wearing zoot suits in Washington D.C., 1942 http://homefront.mrdonn.org/rationing.html http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1674.html http://www.ameshistoricalsociety.org/exhibits/events/rationing.htm OPA The Office of Price Administration The OPA was in charge of rationing consumer goods such as sugar, coffee, shoes, and household appliances.

Throughout World War II, the administration accepted ration book applications and and issued all ration books to consumers. http://www.archives.gov/pacific/education/curriculum/4th-grade/ww2-opa-records.html It is illegal to purchase rationed goods without using your ration book!
Doing so could result in 10 years in prison and/or $10,000 in fines!
Each family may only use the ration book assigned to them. Any misuse of the book will result in losing your eligibility to the rationing system. War Ration Book One -1942 www.waverlyinfo.com During the war, production of Coca-Cola was stopped due to the fact that sugar was so scarce.
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