Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Copy of '“Heredity determines personality” (a) Build a theoretical argument to support this statement (b) Build a theoretical'

No description
by

amy paul

on 13 November 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Copy of '“Heredity determines personality” (a) Build a theoretical argument to support this statement (b) Build a theoretical'

'Heredity determines personality'
(a) Build a theoretical argument to support this statement
(b) Build a theoretical argument against this statement
NATURE/NOMOTHETIC
VS.
NURTURE/IDIOGRAPHIC
It's argued personality is heavily influenced by the environment of an individual.

The idiographic approach regards personality as not fixed from birth, but a variable which is shaped by interactions with the individual's environment.
This statement suggests that a person is born with a personality that they have inherited via their parents genetics. There are arguements and theories to both support and counter this statement. This has become known as the 'Nature Vs. Nurture' debate.
Therefore all of the above shows that there are many theorists with theories
to support both sides of the arguement.

The 'complementary approach' however proves most useful when
investigating personality as it takes both aspects of nature and nurture into
consideration and determines personality is created from an interaction
of the two.
In conclusion...
Theorists
AGAINST SUMMARY
'Scientific' approach
Identifies traits and characteristics of an individual
"Personality is consistent, largely inherited and resistant to change"
Learned behaviour: Social learning theory
Operant conditioning

Erikson: 8 stages of personality development

Freud: Psychoanalytical

Weaknesses of Nature Arguement



early childhood experiences


different levels of conciousness


the 'whole' person in relation to their past
FREUD
ERIKSON
cannot measure personality traits with scientific precision
WEAKNESSES OF NATURE
social bias, difficulties in operationalising questions


identical twins?
SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
OPERANT CONDITIONING
Eysenck
Cattell
Eysenck
Cattell
Two types of personality trait:
Surface traits
Source traits
Source traits
Surface traits
Two dimensions of personality:
Introvert
Extrovert
Emotional
Stability
Emotional
Instability
Bandura: Bobo Doll Study
Skinner's Box
Overall, Heredity does personality, however it is not the only factor that determines who we are.
references.
Bioethics Blog. (2011). Separated At Birth... For Research. Available: http://blog.bioethics.net/2007/12/separated-at-birth-for-research/. Last accessed 27th Nov 2011.

Emerald In Sight. (2011). A Study Of Inspection. Available: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?articleid=840107&show=html. Last accessed 28th Nov 2011.

Hear Rock City Blog. (2011). Freud Said It All. Available: http://hearrockcity.blogspot.com/2009/05/freud-said-it-all.html. Last accessed 27th Nov 2011.

PPDictionary. (2011) Personality Development. Available: http://www.learn.ppdictionary.com/personality_development_4.htm. Last accessed 27th Nov 2011.

trans4mind.com. (2011). The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. Available: http://www.trans4mind.com/personality/EPQ.html. Last accessed 27th Nov 2011.

Zwinglius Redivivus. (2011). Copycats. Available: http://zwingliusredivivus.wordpress.com/2011/08/18/copycats/. Last accessed 27th Nov 2011.






(trans4mind.com, 2011)
Observable
Clusters
Underlie the observable traits
Not observable
E.g. Being self-disciplined
or being trusting
per·son·al·i·ty   [pur-suh-nal-i-tee]
noun,

1. the visible aspect of one's character as it impresses others: He has a pleasing personality.
2. a person as an embodiment of a collection of qualities: He is a curious personality.
3. Psychology .
a. the sum total of the physical, mental, emotional, and social characteristics of an individual.
b. the organized pattern of behavioral characteristics of the individual.
4. the quality of being a person; existence as a self-conscious human being; personal identity.
5. the essential character of a person.
(Zwinglius Reduvivus, 2011 - online)
(Hear Rock City Blog, 2011 - online)
(PPDictionary, 2011 - online)
Monozygotic twins share the same genetic code, yet they don't have identical personalities...
(Bioethics Blog, 2011)
Emerald in Sight (2011 - online)
The Big Five
The Big Five
Extroversion/Introversion
Agreeableness/Hostility
Conscientiousness/Heedlessness
Emotional stability/Instability
Openness or intellect/Closed-mindedness
oral - anal - phallic
ID - SUPEREGO - EGO
how would you quantify outgoingness?
deterministic and
OVER SIMPLISTIC
affect
Full transcript