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Copy of '“Heredity determines personality” (a) Build a theoretical argument to support this statement (b) Build a theoretical'
Transcript of Copy of '“Heredity determines personality” (a) Build a theoretical argument to support this statement (b) Build a theoretical'
(a) Build a theoretical argument to support this statement
(b) Build a theoretical argument against this statement
It's argued personality is heavily influenced by the environment of an individual.
The idiographic approach regards personality as not fixed from birth, but a variable which is shaped by interactions with the individual's environment.
This statement suggests that a person is born with a personality that they have inherited via their parents genetics. There are arguements and theories to both support and counter this statement. This has become known as the 'Nature Vs. Nurture' debate.
Therefore all of the above shows that there are many theorists with theories
to support both sides of the arguement.
The 'complementary approach' however proves most useful when
investigating personality as it takes both aspects of nature and nurture into
consideration and determines personality is created from an interaction
of the two.
Identifies traits and characteristics of an individual
"Personality is consistent, largely inherited and resistant to change"
Learned behaviour: Social learning theory
Erikson: 8 stages of personality development
Weaknesses of Nature Arguement
early childhood experiences
different levels of conciousness
the 'whole' person in relation to their past
cannot measure personality traits with scientific precision
WEAKNESSES OF NATURE
social bias, difficulties in operationalising questions
SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
Two types of personality trait:
Two dimensions of personality:
Bandura: Bobo Doll Study
Overall, Heredity does personality, however it is not the only factor that determines who we are.
Bioethics Blog. (2011). Separated At Birth... For Research. Available: http://blog.bioethics.net/2007/12/separated-at-birth-for-research/. Last accessed 27th Nov 2011.
Emerald In Sight. (2011). A Study Of Inspection. Available: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?articleid=840107&show=html. Last accessed 28th Nov 2011.
Hear Rock City Blog. (2011). Freud Said It All. Available: http://hearrockcity.blogspot.com/2009/05/freud-said-it-all.html. Last accessed 27th Nov 2011.
PPDictionary. (2011) Personality Development. Available: http://www.learn.ppdictionary.com/personality_development_4.htm. Last accessed 27th Nov 2011.
trans4mind.com. (2011). The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. Available: http://www.trans4mind.com/personality/EPQ.html. Last accessed 27th Nov 2011.
Zwinglius Redivivus. (2011). Copycats. Available: http://zwingliusredivivus.wordpress.com/2011/08/18/copycats/. Last accessed 27th Nov 2011.
Underlie the observable traits
E.g. Being self-disciplined
or being trusting
1. the visible aspect of one's character as it impresses others: He has a pleasing personality.
2. a person as an embodiment of a collection of qualities: He is a curious personality.
3. Psychology .
a. the sum total of the physical, mental, emotional, and social characteristics of an individual.
b. the organized pattern of behavioral characteristics of the individual.
4. the quality of being a person; existence as a self-conscious human being; personal identity.
5. the essential character of a person.
(Zwinglius Reduvivus, 2011 - online)
(Hear Rock City Blog, 2011 - online)
(PPDictionary, 2011 - online)
Monozygotic twins share the same genetic code, yet they don't have identical personalities...
(Bioethics Blog, 2011)
Emerald in Sight (2011 - online)
The Big Five
The Big Five
Openness or intellect/Closed-mindedness
oral - anal - phallic
ID - SUPEREGO - EGO
how would you quantify outgoingness?