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Tropical Rainforest Project

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by

Brittany Wiggins

on 21 January 2016

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Transcript of Tropical Rainforest Project

Welcome to the tropical rainforest!
Lets go on an adventure!
WELCOME TO THE TROPICAL RAINFOREST!
Have you ever wondered, "Where in the world are tropical rainforests?"
Rainforests are located

HALF of the world's animal species live in tropical rainforests!

The Tropical Rainforest Animals
Tropical rainforests are the ultimate animal world. It has great conditions:
The climate is perfect for millions of animals.
There is a lot of space, food and sunlight.
The constant warmth and water is great for plant growth!
First, the layers of the rainforest.......
There are many different of layers in the tropical rainforest,
such as....
The emergent layer

THE AMAZON RAINFOREST
CONGO RIVER BASIN
RAINFOREST
MADAGASCAR RAINFOREST
SOUTHEAST ASIAN RAINFORESTS
AUSTRALIAN RAINFORESTS
The canopy layer (the upper canopy)
The understory layer
The forest floor
1
2
3
4
The Emergent Layer
This is the
highest
layer of trees in the tropical rainforest.
These trees have umbrella shaped canopies that get the maximum amount of sunlight.
The Canopy Layer (upper canopy)
Light is easily available at the
top
of this layer, but not
beneath
it.
The Understory Layer
The Forest Floor

WHAT OTHER TYPES OF PLANTS ARE FOUND IN AMAZING TROPICAL RAINFORESTS?
Epiphytes (orchids)
Strangler Vines
Carnivorous plants
Vines
This layer is just
below
the canopy layer.
This layer consists of
trunks
of canopy trees, shrubs, plants and small trees.
The forest floor rarely gets any
sunlight
.
This layer is rich with
decomposers
to decompose dead organisms.
Vines
Carnivorous plants
Orchids
Orchids- Grow is moist dark nooks of forest
trees
due to lack of forest floor.
Epiphytes

Tree from the upper canopy
Tropical rainforests are near the
Equator.

Did you know... the Amazon Rainforest is the largest rainforest in the entire world?
It covers over five and a half a million square kilometres of our planet.
This rainforest is the second largest rainforest in the world.
People have been living in the Congo Basin for more than 50,000 years. It provides food, fresh water and shelter to over 75 million people!
Large dense
trees
and heavy rainfall require the animals of the rainforest to
adapt
to living in and among the trees and in a moist environment.

Therefore, there are a large number of
tree
dwelling organisms such as birds, monkeys, amphibians, and lizards.
•South America- Monarch Butterfly, Spider Monkey
•Southeast Asia- Fairy Bluebirds, orangutans
Australia- Tree kangaroo, Giant Tree frog
West Africa- hippopotamus, chimpanzee
Animal Adaptations

•Leopard
- uses its spots as
camouflage
to “disappear” from the rainforest.

Madagascar is an island which is located in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of Africa
Little or no change in temperature. Has no distinct
seasons
!
Southeast Asia is a 3,100 mile long line of about 20,000 islands in between Asia and Australia.
Adaptation - To reach the
sunlight
in the upper canopy they grab trees and grows towards the sunlight with that tree.
Grow from one tree to another.
Stranglers are brought to the
host
by animals.
The strangler spreads its roots on the ground where the roots, of the host tree, are located.
As the strangler and the host tree grow, the strangler
suffocates
and kills the host tree by growing thicker and thicker.
The Strangler Vines
Carnivorous Plants - Have a
cavity
filled with nectar that attracts
insects
.
Once this insect has entered the cavity, they are trapped and unable to move back out. Then the insect is digested by the plant with the help of degestive juices.
The animals roaming the tropical rainforest
is something not to miss!
Tropical rainforest animals - a true wonder!
In the last 100 years, rainforests have been destroyed to make farm lands. Today, the rainforests are being destroyed by 1.5 acres every second.
DEFORESTATION
Amazing plant adaptations!!!
Waxy
leaves to shed water.
Many of these plants are able to shed water off their leaves so their branches don't become too heavy.
Climate of the Tropical Rainforest
Trees in the rainforest do not need to prevent loss of moisture, therefore, they have
thin
smooth
bark
.
Only some
If deforestation continues, we’ll completely lose the rainforests within the next 40 years.
Sloth
- has long curved claws to grasp onto trees.
Bright flowers to attract
insects.
Body of water
Water evaporates into vaper and travels up into the sky.
Clouds hold water vapor untill there is to much.
Clouds in hot climates can hold more vapor.
There is to much water vapor so the clouds begin to from rain and water vapor condenses.
The clouds can no longer hold the condensed water so it releses rain!
The rain falls back down into the rain forest
The rain accumulates back into the bodies of water
Rain cycle
FUN FACT
Due to the tree top canopies rain rarely ever reaches the forest floors!
Average Temperatures:
Range from 70⁰ to 85⁰ F

Average Percipitation:
From 200cm (78in) up to 600 cm (260in) per year


The Amazon represents 54% of all the rainforests on earth!
Hot and moist climate is ideal for
bacteria.
Decomposers
act quickly making soil fertile.

More than half of Australia's rainforests are found in Queensland.
There are many different rainforests, such as, Tasmania, Victoria, New South Wales and Western Awustralia.
Toucans
Piaranah
Asia Elephant and Siberian Tiger
Gorilla

Gray Parrot
Water vapor forms clouds
:
AMAZON

Poison dart frog
- uses bright colors to
warn
others to leave them alone.

PLANT LIFE
Macaw
- have sharp, hooked
bills
for its diet of fruit and nuts.
Madagascar
Lemur and Gecko
Goodbye! Hope you enjoyed your trip!
Full transcript